Treatment of menstrual disorders folk remedies and methods
Menstruation is a complex biological function of the female body.This feature appears only with the onset of puberty.In a healthy menstruating woman is repeated at regular intervals.Most often this period is 4 weeks - one month midwifery.Therefore, menstruation and is called menstruation (at la tyni menzes means month).Normal is considered as the duration of the menstrual cycle from 21 to 30 days.Last menstrual period is usually 3-4 days.Most of the bleeding is the most powerful in the first 2 days, and then gradually stops.Each menstruation a woman loses an average of about 100 milliliters of blood.
Menstrual blood is different from the usual dark color, it contains mucus and coagulates in clots.Reduced clotting menstrual blood due to the fact that the mucous membrane of the uterus during menstruation produced substance reducing blood coagulation.Menstrual function begins with women 11-15 years and continues to 45-52 years.This is the period of active ovarian function.
female sexual development and me
Animal studies have shown that if spayed before puberty, sexual organs and secondary sexual characteristics do not develop, although an animal and continues to grow.If as a result of a disease in a woman's ovaries are removed, she was forever deprived of menstruation and fertility.To understand the mechanisms by which menstrual function is carried out, it is important to know what changes occur cyclically in the ovary and uterus.Consider these changes.
menstruation (menstrual period) is bleeding, which removes from the vagina otslaivshiysya endometrium, together with a small amount of blood.Menstruation is part of the cycle, lasting about one month, during which the uterus is ready to accept a fertilized egg.If fertilization occurs, the menstruation starts, and exfoliated portion of endometrium with the blood in a few days excreted outside through the cervix and vagina.Young women menses may be viscous and have a brown color, or, conversely, to be less viscous and have a bright red color.In mature women, especially nulliparous allocation should be thicker and darker.In developed countries, most girls start menstruating at the age of 11 - 15 years.By this time their body has already formed about 17% of fat tissue.The first menstruation in girls called "menarche."In the next 35 years of his life prior to menopause in women, on average runs of 400 menstrual cycles.Menopause a woman's life changes radically.At its onset of menstruation in women cease.During the menstrual cycle, a woman loses about 50-175 mg of blood mixed with tissues and fluids.It is about three-quarters cup.The thickness of the shell varies masterbatch (accordingly, the number is changed and output from the body tissues and blood) from one cycle to another, so some menstrual cycles proceed easily, and some - hard.The uterus does not collect blood between menstrual cycles.
Changes in ovaries
For 12-15 days of each menstrual cycle, counting from the first day of menstruation, in the ovary grows and matures only one follicle contains one egg.As its maturation of follicles moving toward the surface of the ovary and begins to bulge.During this period, i.e.in the first half of the menstrual cycle, maturing follicle releases the female sex hormone - estrogen (folliculin), which exerts its influence primarily on the development of the uterine lining.
As the mature follicle thins and then stratifies the surface of the ovary and follicle sheath liquid is poured into the abdominal cavity.At the same time, together with follicular fluid released ripe and ready to fertilize the egg cell.This process, which bears the name of ovulation occurs periodically about every 4 weeks.Freed from the current egg fluid as it is captured fluctuations fringes of the fallopian tube and is guided into the uterine cavity.The cavity ruptured follicle several collapses, but soon enough it begin to grow special cells that form new endocrine gland - the corpus luteum.Luteum this gland called because its cells secrete a special substance of yellow color.The corpus luteum, which is also an endocrine gland, releases another hormone, progesterone.Further development and function of the corpus luteum are dependent on whether or not to come pregnancies.If fertilization in the menstrual cycle does not occur, the corpus luteum after 13-14 days ceases to function.The corpus luteum of the ovary contributes to the fact that the lining of the uterus glands begin to secrete a secret, while the mucous membrane thickens and becomes
juicy.Once the corpus luteum ceases to function, lining of the uterus is torn away and soon (2-3 days) begins menstruating.
If the pregnancy, the corpus luteum continues to function, increase in size and releases progesterone in much larger quantities than in the normal menstrual cycle.This lining of the uterus becomes more juicy and thickens.Ranked in the uterus and attach to its wall of the egg is from the beginning of favorable conditions for its development.Menstrual function during pregnancy is terminated.
Thus, the ovaries perform two basic and very important for the whole of the female body functions: hormonal and fertility.Hormonal function is performed because the ovaries are the first half of the menstrual cycle and produce follicular hormones progesterone polovinu- second.Reproductive function due to the fact that the egg develops in the ovary, capable of being fertilized.
ovulation time, t. E. The full maturation of the follicle and mature egg stepping in women is not exactly clear.It is believed that most women ovulation most often occurs between the 8 th and 14 th day of the menstrual cycle (counting from the first day of the last menstrual period).In these days of pregnancy can occur more easily.
But talk about a woman's time of ovulation can only be expected to, as this process is influenced by various factors.Among them are
diseases of the nervous system, liver, kidney, thyroid and others.
Mental experiences can also cause fast or slow the development of the egg.
Changes in the uterus
Effect of ovarian hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in the woman's body is very large and diverse.
First of all, as we have already pointed out above, these hormones affect the cyclic function of such an important body as the uterus.Under the influence of follicular hormone grows lining of the uterus, which is before puberty is thin and smooth.During the period from the beginning of the maturation of the follicle before ovulation it becomes thicker by 4-5 times, and the mucous membrane of the uterus body, elongated gland become crimped and expanded, but has not yet recovered the secret.This is the first phase of the development of the uterine lining.After ovulation, under the influence of the yellow body hormone progesterone lining of the uterus thickens, it becomes loose and edematous.Glands in the mucosa becomes more tortuous, swollen and begin to secrete a secret.Such proliferation of uterine lining lasts about 2 weeks after ovulation.This is the second phase of the development of the uterine lining.After 2-3 days after the termination of the corpus luteum function lining of the uterus stops growing and rejected.There comes menstruation.Under the influence of follicular hormone occur certain cyclic changes in the vaginal mucosa.
Thus, menstruation occur as a result of strictly coordinated cyclic ovarian and uterine function.
How does the consistency of such a complex cyclic processes occurring in the ovaries and the uterus?It was found that the growth and maturation of follicles in the ovaries, ovulation and corpus luteum hormones stimulate the development of other endocrine glands - the pituitary gland.Located inside the pituitary gland of the cranium, in a special bony socket.
The pituitary gland secretes hormones that stimulate the endocrine function of the ovaries, egg development.Experiments on animals have shown that if you remove a pituitary gland hormone and stops the reproductive function of the ovaries.The pituitary gland is not working in isolation.In its function, it is closely related to the higher divisions of the nervous system - and subcortical regions of the brain cortex.Therefore, regulation of the menstrual cycle is through the nervous system, pituitary.
We briefly describe the main elements that determine the implementation of the menstrual cycle in women.In the reproductive system and the menstrual cycle also affects the status of various systems and organs in the body, and also a variety of external factors: high or low temperature, toxicity, infection.
known that a significant impact on the function of the reproductive system have the endocrine glands, especially thyroid and adrenal cortex;in diseases of the thyroid gland menstrual cycle is often disturbed, there are uterine bleeding, it happens that menstruation ceases altogether.If any of the functions of the adrenal cortex, especially for tumors of the adrenal cortex, menstruation usually stops, the uterus becomes small, and some women even appear masculine signs, begin to grow hair on the face and body of male type, coarsens his voice, and so on. D. For normalhormonal ovarian function are important liver, kidneys, intestines.In the liver, hormones estrogen and progesterone combined with acids and as such are excreted by the kidneys and intestines.
Therefore, in diseases of the nervous system, thyroid, adrenal cortex, liver, kidney, colon, ovarian function may be disturbed, and consequently, changes and menstrual cycle.The disorder of the menstrual cycle can also come in various benign and malignant tumors of the ovaries and uterus.
adverse effects on the reproductive system have a variety of infections, both acute and chronic.They can lead to serious diseases of the ovaries and uterus.
no less harmful impact on the reproductive system can have toxicity, particularly harmful alcohol and nicotine.
Menstrual disorders may manifest differently.Most often it changed the normal menstrual rhythm: they are erratic, long, abundant or scarce.Sometimes bleeding may be brief, but repeated at short intervals.Menstrual irregularities may also occur in a significant lengthening of the intervals between periods.Finally, bleeding can be stopped altogether.
Any disruption of normal menstrual rhythm, an unusual amount of blood released by the appearance of bleeding between periods (even very short-term and scarce) may be the result of diseases like genital mutilation, as well as violations of other organs and systems.Therefore, any changes in menstruation should consult your doctor.
During normal menstruation women need to follow certain rules of hygiene.Failure to comply with the rules can also lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle.
since the first menstruation (menarche) and before the termination of menopause a woman's body is constantly undergoing a cyclical process, which includes hormonal, physiological and psychological changes.The main content of these amendments is to produce eggs and the periodic preparation of the uterus for pregnancy, followed by a return to the "original" state, if the pregnancy has not occurred.
beginning of the cycle is generally considered the day the appearance of menses (day 1 of the cycle), and end - the day before the start of the next menstruation.The duration of the cycle can vary from 21 to 40 days, but the average is 28 days.
Conditional menstrual cycle of 28 days
menstrual cycle is usually divided into three phases.
first phase of the cycle - follicular - lasts up to 14 days of the total cycle time.
in the ovary under the influence of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) begin to mature follicles containing young
egg.Due to the low level of estrogen and progesterone in the uterus occurs detachment of endometrium.Exfoliated lining of the uterus along with blood forms the menstrual flow, which continues 3-6 days.During these days a woman loses an average of 60-120 ml of blood.In the middle phase of estrogen secretion increases, which has healing effect on the uterine wall and stops bleeding, mucosal thickening occurs.The follicle begins to prepare for ovulation.
second phase - the phase of ovulation.The egg matures in 14 day cycle and released from the ovary (ovulation).Ready to fertilize the egg starts to move on the fallopian tubes.Ovulation takes place 12-24 hours after the luteinizing hormone (LH) peak.
third phase of the menstrual cycle - luteal - begins after ovulation and continues until the beginning of the next cycle.At the site of the follicle forms the corpus luteum, which is under the influence of luteinizing hormone (LH) begins to secrete progesterone, estrogen continues to allocate.corpus luteum activity and determines the nature of this phase.Progesterone provides further changes to the uterine wall (thickening and its allocation of nutrient fluid) to prepare for pregnancy.
menstrual cycle - it is a normal hormonal changes in a woman's body when the uterus prepares for pregnancy.If pregnancy does not occur, lining of the uterus is torn away, and menstruation begins - physiological bleeding which lasts 3 to 7 days.
menstrual cycle - is very complex physiological process, which is controlled by a mass of hormones and brain structures.Also, it affects overall health of women: stress, serious illness, disruption of the menstrual cycle regulation on the part of the brain, the endocrine glands.
duration of the menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of menstruation to the first day of the next menstruation.The number of days in the menstrual cycle may be 21 - 35 days, and the average ranges from 25 to 30 days.And now we will look at the menstrual cycle.
first day of the menstrual cycle is considered the first day of menstruation.The day when the menses cease, is considered the last day of menstruation.During this period, the ovaries produce large amounts of the hormone estrogen, which causes the maturation of 10 - 20 female germ cells inside the follicle.This process occurs inside the ovary.At the same time the shell on the uterine walls and swells to prepared to accept a fertilized cell.
In the next phase of the menstrual cycle, estrogen level reaches its peak and ovulation occurs, ie the release of mature cells.Usually, only one cell reaches maturity and is released.This egg is ready for fertilization within 24 hours.However, sperm can remain alive in the fallopian tubes for several days.Therefore intercourse a few days before ovulation can cause an unwanted pregnancy, if you do not use contraceptives.
Ovulation occurs around the middle of the menstrual cycle (14-16 days).But in most cases, women find it difficult to calculate exactly when ovulation occurs.However, certain changes in the organism may indicate the approach of ovulation.
Once mature egg is released from the ovary, the follicle-bag, which she left, is transformed into the corpus luteum (corpus luteum).This tumor starts to produce the hormone progesterone in addition to estrogen, which heralds the beginning of the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle.