Meningococcal infection (MI) - acute bacterial infection caused by meningococcus, is characterized by pronounced polymorphism of clinical forms, frequent development of severe complications, often leading to death of the patient.
Meningitis - this intractable disease in which there is inflammation of the meninges -treh thin layers of tissue surrounding the brain.This disease occurs most often due to infection, which is typically distributed to the meninges from elsewhere in the body.(In rare cases, meningitis may also be caused by tumors or chemical stimuli.) Meningitis cause three major types of infectious disease (bacterial, viral, fungal);nature and symptoms vary in strength depending on which micro-organisms cause.For example, viral meningitis (the most common type) usually causes mild symptoms such as headache and malaise, and goes away within a week or two.Bacterial meningitis is a dangerous disease that can cause brain damage or even be fatal if left untreated.
Other types of meningitis (c
• Meningitis is a bacterial, viral or fungal infection.Meningococcal meningitis (bacterial, the most dangerous form) can occur in the form of epidemics.
• Higher risk of meningitis associated with head trauma, brain surgery, cancer in or near the brain, severe ear infections (middle ear infection), sinusitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis and alcoholism.
• Anyone whose immune system is weakened, for example, AIDS, organ transplants or chemotherapy in cancer treatment, are at greater risk of developing meningitis.
• temperature (can be very high in the case of bacterial meningitis).
• Headache probably strong.
• Spasm of the neck muscles.
• Nausea and vomiting.
• intolerance of light.
• Poor appetite in children.
• Bacterial meningitis: confusion, drowsiness, convulsions and loss of consciousness.
• When meningococcal meningitis: red skin rash due to bleeding in the skin.
Call your doctor immediately if you or your child are experiencing symptoms of meningitis.
• Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) for examination under a microscope spinal fluid for the presence of cells and organisms, and for seeding a culture of bacteria and fungi.
• Blood cultures.
• Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging can be performed during treatment.
This syndrome is named after the physician who described his Russian VM Kernig (1840-1917).
sign of meningeal irritation (meningeal symptoms): the inability to fully straighten the knee leg, pre-bent at the hip and knee joints.The symptom can manifest itself in the supine position or sitting in connection with the tonic stress hamstring muscles.Tracking with meningitis or meningoencephalitis, intrathecal hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, increased intracranial pressure (eg in tumors or extensive ischemic stroke in the posterior fossa).
• In bacterial meningitis require hospitalization.Antibiotics are given in large doses, often intravenously.Corticosteroids may be given to reduce inflammation, and tranquilizers can be used to prevent seizures.
• If the patient loses consciousness, a respirator may be required.
• Antibiotics are not effective against viral meningitis - the form of the disease, which is usually mild and passes as a result of the protective reaction of the organism in a week or two.Treatment in this case is aimed at easing symptoms.It includes relaxing in bed, drinking plenty of fluid intake and non-prescription painkillers, folk remedies How to Apply see here.
• Antifungal agents prescribed to fight the fungal infection.
• anti-tuberculosis agents given in tuberculous meningitis.
• the need for rapid treatment of bacterial infectious diseases elsewhere in the body, especially in the ear and upper respiratory tract.
• Vaccines can protect against outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis, for example, in groups of recruits or pilgrimage to Mecca.Travellers in the dissemination of meningitis in Africa (in the regions surrounding the Sahara) and to go to college should discuss the possibility of vaccination with your doctor.
• Can be treated with antibiotics to prevent infection with those who are in close contact with other infected with meningococcal meningitis.