oral cancer symptoms
oral cavity cancer - a growth of malignant cells of epithelial origin, in any part of the oral cavity which comprises lips, gums, tongue, cheeks, palate and tonsils.The most common site of cancer are the lips, tongue and then other places.Symptoms vary depending on the place of cancer, but generally involve the formation of ulcers, beginning painlessly.In the later stages of the cancer spreads to the lymph nodes in the neck or under the jaw.
Treatment depends on the location of the tumor and the stage of development, as well as the age and health of the patient;it typically includes surgery, radiation, or both of these methods together.The prognosis is good if the cancer is detected and treated before it is beginning to spread.In most cases, good lip cancer treatable, since it is easy to detect, while the prediction for most cancer of the tongue is not so optimistic, particularly if affected of the tongue on the far side of the mouth, and the tumor is hard to see.Cancer language most often occurs on t
Cancers of the oral cavity is approximately 4 percent of all cancers.The risk increases with age;the majority of cases seen in people over the age of 45 years and males almost twice as often than women.
• mucosal damage or the formation of a small seal or ulcers in some areas of the mouth that persist or develop.In the early stages of such damage is often painless.Under the influence of irritation (spicy, sour, hot food) sore pretty quickly increases, it takes crateriform view.Soon joined by secondary infection, tissue decay is accelerating.
• In the later stages of difficulty speaking, eating and swallowing.
• Bad breath.
• Distorted sense of taste.
• The increasing growth on the lip, which is covered with a crust and bleed when the peel is removed.
• In the later stages of a sore throat or burning sensation in the mouth, especially while eating or drinking.
• White patches (leukoplakia) or red areas of rough skin (erythroplakia);they must be examined carefully and spend their biopsy because they may precede cancer.
• The cause of oral cancer is unknown.However, some risk factors include:
• Use of tobacco in any form (smoking, chewing) - a major risk factor.
• Long-term alcohol abuse.
• Poor diet (including a lack of iron, vitamin A and some B vitamins).
• Being in the sun for a number of years (a risk factor for lip cancer).
• Infection with certain forms of the human papilloma virus.
• necessary medical history and routine testing of the mouth and neck.
• Take a small sample of the affected tissue for examination under a microscope of cells (biopsy) to determine whether cancer is present.
• X-rays of the head or the chest may be required to find out whether the cancer has spread.
Good results are observed only at an early complex treatment.
• recommended surgery to remove the tumor and surrounding tissue may lymph nodes in the neck.
• Often advised to use radiation therapy when there is a suspicion that the cancer may have spread.Irradiation may be outside (for example, X-rays) or inside (granules introduction into a tumor).
• Speech therapy and other types of professional therapy can become part of the treatment.
• A wide variety of plastic surgery techniques available to restore the facial bones and jaw functions.
• tobacco products should be avoided.
• Avoid excessive use of alcohol.
• Regular inspection of the teeth and the periodic self test can help detect oral cancer in its early stages.
• Consult your physician or dentist if you find any damage in the mouth that does not heal within two weeks or a month.