Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms
Irritable Bowel Syndrome - a disease that is characterized by frequent cyclical constipation and diarrhea and is usually accompanied by pain or bloating.Once the food is partially digested in the stomach, it is pushed through a thin and then through the large intestine by regular contractions of the intestinal wall muscles (peristalsis).The syndrome of the irritable bowel muscles can be reduced spasm and move the remains of food or too quickly (leading to diarrhea) or too slow (causing constipation).Irritable bowel syndrome should not be confused with more serious inflammatory bowel disease.
method of treating irritable bowel syndrome is not;however, the symptoms can be reduced through a combination of special exercises and diet.Sometimes bring relief medication.Irritable bowel syndrome is more common in women than in men;Symptoms may be aggravated during menstruation.
• The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is unknown, although it is thought that it is most likely associated with the violation of th
• A contributing factor may be the emotional stress.
• Some foods can cause outbreaks.Typical stimuli include fatty foods: bacon, poultry skin, vegetable oil, margarine and dairy products, as well as foods that cause excessive gas formation, such as beans and broccoli.
This is a fairly common variant of a functional bowel disorder, which is a violation of motor and secretory functions of the intestine, combined with increased sensitivity of its various departments in a number of dietary factors (allergies, temperature, mechanical etc.), Neuro-emotional.Irritable bowel syndrome is often the result of last transferred infections, intoxication, glistonositelstva.It can occur as a consequence of the previously transferred dysentery, salmonellosis, other acute inflammatory diseases when the causative factor has lost its importance, inflammatory and other pathological processes have disappeared, but remained altered sensitivity (responsiveness) regulation of bowel activity mechanisms.At the same time a wide variety of impacts (psycho-emotional, nutritional, physical overload, cooling, overheating, colds and other infections.) Can cause the manifestation of disease symptoms of the bowel.
• Constipation, diarrhea or alternating.
• Discomfort, pain, bloating, or abdominal cramps.
• Excessive flatulence.
• Feeling that the bowel is not completely emptied.
The disease often occurs at a young age, is more common in women.The disease occurs in waves and is characterized by the appearance of acute attacks, cramping abdominal pain.The pain is accompanied by frequent urge to stool, with discharge of a small amount, usually liquid or unformed, feces, sometimes with a high content of mucus.Attacks of pain, often in the background of swelling and rumbling in the stomach with mucus and diarrhea, continue from 20-30 minutes to several days, to be replaced in the future a normal chair and the general well-being.
Short functional bowel disorders can occur when food excesses, with alcohol abuse, including the reception of dry wines, champagne and soft drinks, especially cold carbonated (lemonade, Pepsi-Cola).In such cases, after a few hours (less minutes) after a heavy meal, especially oily or badly combined (e.g., milk and fish, pickles), may be intermittent diarrhea, and transfusion rumbling, pain throughout the abdomen.As a rule, the general condition of patients with little suffering.
functional disorder of the bowel as constipation, diarrhea, bloating and increased gas production, short-term pain may be the initial manifestation of inflammatory or other (organic) diseases.Therefore, self, or (even worse) the indifferent attitude of patients to the emergence of symptoms of the disease - a gross error in regard to their health.In all cases the most correct step is to appeal to the district physician or gastroenterologist, carrying under their guidance and supervision of a complex of necessary studies and obtain after diagnosis recommendations for treatment and prevention.
• necessary medical history and physical examination.Diagnosis, when excluded the possibility of other diseases, such as cancer and inflammatory bowel disease.
• It may be necessary enema with barium.Barium creates a clear image of the intestine with X-rays.
• To view the entire colon (colonoscopy) or part (s rektosigmoskopiya), can be used a small tube with a light at the end.
• It is recommended to eat foods low in fat (fatty foods increase symptoms).
• You can try to eat fiber foods.Some people find that the symptoms are reduced when consuming foods rich in fiber (raw fruits and vegetables, bran, whole grain breads and dried fruits).Others argue that the use of fibrous food increases the symptoms.
• It is necessary to eat often and in small quantities.
• Consultations with a psychologist and auditory training can help in relieving stress.Regular moderate exercise can also reduce stress and ease symptoms.
• Your doctor may prescribe laxatives, fixing, angispazmaticheskie or sedatives, or drugs to improve digestion.
• Smoking can act as a trigger, so it should be avoided.
in treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome is the most important individualization of supply.During an exacerbation of the disease, more frequent diarrhea, abdominal pain and other phenomena must go to a medical diet for diet number 4c, excluded from the diet foods and dishes, poorly tolerated patients.If the propensity to diarrhea and prevalence of fermentation processes in the gut (rumbling, bloating) are advised to avoid milk, milk soups and porridges.These milk products like yogurt, yogurt, acidophilus and fermented baked milk, should be treated individually, depending on tolerability.Contraindicated hot sauces, gravies, canned in tomato sauce, refractory fats, cold drinks, pastry products.
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome should be good enough to study the characteristics of the organism in the aspect of the intestinal response to the nature and diet, do not create conditions for the worsening of the process.So, most of these patients do not tolerate the cold, carbonated drinks, especially on an empty stomach.Therefore, you should look out for lemonade, Pepsi-Cola, the water from the siphon, as well as juice and stewed fruit from the refrigerator immediately.From the diet it is advisable to exclude the strong coffee, provoking diarrhea, or drastically reduce its use.
Many patients can not tolerate not only overeating, causing intestinal disorder, and abundant food.Therefore, food should be frequent but small-volume, especially in the morning.Within 30-40 minutes after a meal in patients with irritable bowel syndrome should not engage in manual labor, especially heavy, so as not to cause diarrhea.It is difficult to enumerate all the situations that may face each patient during his illness and that stimulate intestinal problems.This suggests a certain conclusion: to know all the causes of the deterioration of the disease and to prevent their recurrence.
a tendency to diarrhea is recommended dried blueberries in the form of infusions, decoctions (1-2 teaspoons per cup of boiling water) or in the form of blueberry jelly and cherry fruit (10 g per 100 g of water, take no more than 0.5 cups 2-3times a day).To neutralize bursts substances with diarrhea activated charcoal or carbol (1-2 g twice or three times a day).However, its long-term use is undesirable because of the possible development of enzyme deficiency of digestive organs, deterioration of intestinal absorption of vitamins and mineral salts.In order to stop or decrease diarrhea can be successfully used herbs,
essential help in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in the home can have an internal use of mineral waters.This provided a calming effect on the impaired intestinal motility, reducing the effects of irritation and hypersensitivity of its mucous membrane, improve the functional status of other digestive organs.When diarrhea due to increased motor function of the intestine is assigned hot (40-45 ° C) and low-srednemineralizovannaya water containing ions NPHS and Ca ( "Smirnoff", "Slavyanovskaya", "Feodosia", "Jermuk", "Borjomi", "Essentuki№ 4 ", etc .; 100 ml 3 times per day 30-90 minutes before meals, depending on the initial level of gastric secretion: the low acidity - 30 minutes, at normal - 40-60 at elevated - 90min).Small intestinal
procedure as therapeutic enemas also very effective for diarrhea, particularly in those cases where the irritable bowel syndrome is accompanied by an inflammatory process in the intestine card output (sigmoid and rectum).They are executed as follows.Half an hour after a small-scale warm enema, delivered very carefully, slowly introduced 250-350 ml of warm mineral water (such as "Essentuki number 4" or "Essentuki № 17", "Smirnoff", "Slavyanovskaya", "Jermuk", "Arzni "and others.).This portion of the water necessary to try to delay as long as possible in the intestine.The procedure often causes urge and water is completely absorbed in the intestine, ensuring a good anti-inflammatory effect, eliminating intestinal motor function disorders.Therapeutic enema can be done every day for 2-3 weeks.
• There is no known way to prevent irritable bowel syndrome, but symptoms can often be mitigated by changes in diet and special exercises.
• Make an appointment with your doctor if symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome interfere with daily activities.
Finally, it should seriously warn against use of uncontrolled patients medications, particularly antibiotics, sulfonamides, enzymatic and other means.The illogicality of the danger of self-listed drugs in the syndrome of irritable colon, as well as in other forms of functional bowel diseases, lies in the fact that these potent agents designed to inhibit pathogenic (disease-causing) intestinal bacteria, which are absent when considered functional diseases, for the treatment of pronounced inflammatory phenomenaintestinal mucosa disorders and deep and intracavitary wall digestion, which also have no intestine dyskinesia of patients with irritable bowel syndrome and.Moreover, not being able to influence the intestinal pathogenic microorganisms, antibiotics, and other sulfanilaminy potent drugs exert their side effects - a detrimental effect on the normal intestinal flora, which leads to dysbacteriosis.As a result of this enhanced fermentation processes, deteriorating security body with vitamins, appear unfavorable influence.All this should convince the dangers of self-medication, the feasibility of seeking medical advice for individual choice of treatment shown.