Ankylosing spondylitis symptoms

August 12, 2017 17:50 | Symptoms Of Disease

Ankylosing spondylitis (ankylosing spondylitis) -hronicheskoe inflammatory spinal disease with progressive violation of his mobility.Ill mostly young men.In the development of ankylosing spondylitis attach importance to genetically determined disorders of the immune processes.This disease is an unusual type of inflammatory arthritis that primarily affects the joints of the spine.It usually begins in the sacroiliac joint, where the spine is in contact with the pelvis.The disease begins in the lower back and spreads to the cervical vertebrae.(In 25 percent of cases, particularly in women, the disease captures and peripheral joints.) Cartilage and other tissue between the spinal joints gradually deteriorate and replaced by a solid fibrous tissue.In the end, the dorsal vertebrae are joined and joint mobility is lost.Symptoms of the disease (in the beginning it is usually pain in the lower back and joint stiffness) is often first appear in late adolescence - the beginning of the adult stage.The appearance o

f symptoms after 45 years is very rare.The earlier the disease appears, the worse the forecast of its development.The most serious complication is a fracture of the spine after spine fully unite;this may lead to paralysis of the arms and legs.However, most patients do not suffer serious violations, despite the pain.At any time, the disease can worsen to stabilize or begin again.Approximately 25-30 percent of patients suffer from inflammation and scarring of ocular structures;a small number of patients may receive the aortic valve abnormality or scarring of the lung tissue.Ankylosing spondylitis occurs three times more often in men than in women.

• The cause of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown, although it is obvious there is a significant factor of heredity.There is also speculation that the relationship between the presence of bacteria in the small intestine or inflammation and autoimmune activity (as a result of which the body's defenses attack healthy tissue) may be the cause of the deterioration of the joints.

Most often affects the joints of the spine and sacroiliac joint.The disease begins gradually pain in the lumbosacral region, first only for longer stays in the same position.The defeat of the thoracic spine may be accompanied by pain in the chest on the type of neuralgia.As the disease progresses, patients begin to complain of persistent pain in the spine, gradually there is a disturbance of gait and posture, tension develops straight back muscles, then they atrophy.When tapping on the vertebrae marked tenderness.With further progression in the later stages of the disease, in addition to the strengthening of pain, develops pronounced kyphosis of the thoracic spine, perhaps, on the contrary, the rectification of all the physiological curves of the spine with the development of his immobility.X-ray of the spine marked change with gradually progressive ankylosis intervertebral joints, ossification of the fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc, anterior and posterior ligaments with the appearance of the picture, in which the spine is reminiscent of bamboo cane.Approximately half of the patients affected and peripheral joints, that appearances brings the pathology of rheumatoid arthritis.A small percentage of patients with Bechterew's disease process involved in other organ systems (kidney, eyes, heart) may develop iritis, iridocyclitis, uveitis.Renal pathology is characterized by nephritis or renal amyloidosis.Cardiac involvement may be accompanied by the development of myocarditis, aortitis with aortic regurgitation, pericarditis.During an exacerbation of the disease in the blood are elevated leukocytosis, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and other signs of inflammatory activity.Rheumatoid factor is not found in the serum.

muscle relaxants (Mydocalmum) is used to eliminate pain and muscle contractures.Important is the use of massage, physical therapy, physiotherapy.For the prevention of acute or Plaquenil delagil used for a long time (up to 2 years).

• Special treatments for ankylosing spondylitis is not;Therapy is aimed at suppression and withdrawal symptoms.

• Methods for the prevention of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown.

• Consult your doctor if you are constantly feeling pain in her back.