Rabies in cats symptoms
Rabies (or rabies (rabies from Latin), hydrophobia (fear of water).) - An infectious disease caused by the rabies virus Rabies virus.
Rabies - a very dangerous disease, and transient.Such a diagnosis is tantamount to a death sentence, as though it may sound creepy.The illness caused by viruses that are transmitted with the saliva when they bite a sick animal or through scratches and wounds on the skin and mucous membranes.Can hurt all warm-blooded animals, including man.About the symptoms of rabies in humans can see here.
From the bite virus along the nerve fibers in the spinal cord enters and then the brain, where it multiplies, causing severe irreversible damage.From brain virus spreads to various organs and tissues, including falls in the salivary glands, saliva infecting.
impact of the virus causes damage to the nerve cells, which manifests itself in the form of increased excitability and aggression patient, violation coordination of movements, spasms of the pharyngeal muscles, paralysis and spas
In nature, suffer first and foremost wild animals (foxes, wolves, jackals, badgers, foxes, raccoon dogs, rodents and bats).Pets (dogs, cats, ferrets) are infected by a wild animal bite or contact with his saliva on the affected skin area.
virus is resistant to low temperatures, but not resistant to high (he instantly killed when heated to 100 ° C, in the frozen state can persist for several months), is sensitive to ultraviolet and direct sunlight, as well as to many disinfectants (solutionformalin, alkali, bleach, creolin destroy the virus within several minutes).
clinical symptoms of the disease begin to appear only after the spread of the virus throughout the body.They were preceded by a hidden (incubation) period.At this time the animal is also a danger.Most often, the incubation period lasts 10 - 14 days, although it is sometimes quite long and reaches one year.
In its manifestation rabies is divided into three forms: lush, quiet and atypical.
Lush form takes place in several stages:
1. In the first stage the animal becomes lethargic, avoids people, hiding in the dark, not eating.Sometimes, on the contrary, diseased cat becomes overly affectionate and obsessive.On the site of the bite can itch.
2. In the second stage the cat appear anxiety, fearfulness and irritability.She begins to constantly look around and listen, can bite or scratch master.Cat reluctant to eat normal food, but swallow various inedible objects (pieces of wood, stones, etc.).Sick animals are constantly brushing or chewing on the bite.Finally, there is the most important feature of the disease - due to spasm of the pharyngeal muscles of the cat can not swallow water (hydrophobia), saliva is released abundantly.It is a change of behavior of aggression and oppression - it is furiously rushes to humans and other animals, it is still weakly.Any external stimulus (noise, bright lights) is a new attack riot.
rabies symptoms in cats 3. In the third stage, the cat lost his voice, she looks exhausted, there are seizures, and progressive paralysis.The animal is almost constantly.Paralysis of the respiratory system and heart leading to death of the animal.The disease lasts from 3 to 11 days.
In quiet (mild) form of the cat can be very affectionate, do not depart from the host.But at the same time it is dangerous, because it already contains the saliva of rabies virus.At the beginning of the disease possible bites.Gradually the cat becomes restless, then it increases depression.Develops paralysis, an animal droops lower jaw, there are excessive salivation and difficulty swallowing (it seems that the pet is choking on the bone).Death occurs within 2-4 days.
atypical forms of the most difficult to diagnose.It can last up to 3 months or more.At first it may occur with the characteristic features of gastritis and enteritis (vomiting, diarrhea, or, conversely, difficult bowel movements, wasting), depression, then there is a temporary improvement.
cats is more common form of lush, quiet and atypical (paralytic) are less common.
Rabies cats should be distinguished from Aujeszky's disease (pseudorabies - Leaky acute illness in many animal species, which is manifested in disorders of the central nervous system, severe itching and scratching), other diseases with similar symptoms.For example, a cat appeared pain, drooling, inability to swallow and anxiety when hit in her mouth or throat of a foreign body.
If you suspect of being infected with rabies (for example, after being bitten by stray animals, taking into account information on the area), the cat is placed for 10-14 days in quarantine, during which contains isolated from humans and other animals before the onset of her clinical symptoms.Sometimes quarantine may last up to 60 days.In this case there is no possibility to provide animal care.
Accurate diagnosis is made postmortem on the results of laboratory studies of animal brain.One method of diagnosis is the detection of specific inclusions - Babes-Negri bodies by histological analysis of the brain.
Treatment Treatment of this disease has not been developed.Sick animals are euthanized.
The surest way for the prevention of diseases - vaccination.Rabies vaccine for cats is based on a dead virus, eliminating the chance of infection from the injection site, but gives a guarantee to protect the cat from a terrible disease.
Domestic cats are vaccinated after the change of milk teeth, cats with access to the street reaches three months of age kittens.
Revaccination adult animals should be carried out annually.Two weeks before grafting are sure to make deworming cats.
Deworming - a set of procedures aimed at the prevention and disposal of animal parasites (gelmitov).Deworming should be done under the supervision of a veterinarian.
can not be vaccinated pregnant or lactating cats, sick, debilitated animals, kittens during the change of teeth.
important to understand that even a pet is safe from penetration into the house of infected rodents and other animals.Vaccination of cats against rabies is vital.Without it, by the way, is not allowed to transport the cat to other countries, participate in exhibitions with her.
Another measure to prevent the spread of rabies is to kill rats and other rodents in the basements of residential buildings, landfills, backyards.
record of the vaccination signed by a physician, and the date is entered in the pet passport.Travelling with pet only if you have documentary evidence of vaccination against rabies.