Diet number 1

August 12, 2017 17:50 | Diet And Weight Loss

This special curative and anti-relapse nutrition in diseases of the stomach, sometimes - small intestine.Depending on the severity and gravity of the disease process, it includes a liquid, semi-liquid or puree pureed food, which should provide mechanical, chemical and thermal sparing the gastric mucosa and duodenal ulcers.

According to a set of products (white bread, crackers, pasta, lean meat, low-fat fish, vegetables except cabbage and beans, cereals, mashed or whole, egg, milk, cream, low-fat cottage cheese, non-acidic sour, weak tea, fruit and vegetable juices, unsalted butter), these high-grade diet.However, they are limited to dietary fiber, extractives meat, fish and fungi.In acute diseases it is also necessary to limit the use of salt, food frequent, small meals.According to the most strict diet number 1a and 1b boiled meat is better to give only rubbed.

Culinary processing - all dishes are boiled or steamed.

1) Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the phase of discontinuous exacerbation and re

mission (outside exacerbations) during periods of preventive treatment courses.

2) Acute gastritis in the last period of dietary treatment.

3) Chronic gastritis with increased secretion or saved in a phase of discontinuous exacerbation and remission.

4) Infectious diseases that occur with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, but without diarrhea.

Purpose .Sparing the stomach (less strict than in the diet number 16) by limiting the mechanical, chemical and thermal stimuli in food, stimulating processes of restoration of the gastric mucosa and duodenal ulcers, normalization of bowel function.

physiologically complete diet with adequate protein, fats, carbohydrates, with a sharp restriction of dishes, which are strong activators of secretion and chemically irritating the mucous membrane.Limited dishes containing cell walls.Diet fractional - 5-6 times a day.

cooked. Food is cooked in boiled or steam, but not shabby.The temperature of food: hot dishes are not above 60 ° C, cold food and drinks not lower than 15 ° C.

Chemical composition and caloric content.100 g protein, 100 g fat (including vegetable 1/3), 400-450, the carbohydrate Calorie 3000-3200 kcal.Free liquid of 1.5 l.Salt '10

Bread and bakery products - bread wheat yesterday, a dry biscuit, biscuits, 1-2 times a week nesdobnoe limited number of rolls or baked pies with apples, jam, boiled meat and eggs.

Soups - Dairy cereals pureed;milk with the addition of pureed vegetables (cabbage is excluded);milk with chopped vermicelli or noodles;pureed vegetables (carrots, potatoes, beets: vegetable broth drained, flour and sauté the vegetables), dressed with butter or refined sunflower oil.

Meat and fish dishes, meat lean varieties (beef, chicken, rabbit, veal), trimmed of tendons and fat, boiled or vapor form, pureed (cutlets, dumplings, meatballs, mashed potatoes, soufflé, roll, etc.).Low-fat and non-rigid meat is allowed in a piece of boiled;rather weak jelly, cooked on the bone broth with the addition of gelatin.Various low-fat varieties of fish (pike, perch, cod) in boiled, steam, and a shabby piece.Jellied fish.

Eggs and egg products - 2 eggs a day (boiled) in the form of steam or omelette dishes.

Milk and milk products, whole milk or evaporated;cream in bulk form, and whipped;sour cream (in limited quantities), sour cheese, grated, in a soufflé, unsalted syrkovoy weight, etc .;yogurt a day.

Vegetables and greens - various types of vegetables (boiled in water for a couple, in a shabby).

Fruits, berries, sweet-ripe different fruits and berries (other than sour varieties) in natural, baked, steam and shabby, sugar, jam, honey, jelly, jelly, mousses.

Cereal and pasta - various cereals (semolina, rice, buckwheat, oats) in the form of mashed potatoes, soufflé, porridge, pudding, boiled in water and steamed, pureed;homemade noodles, vermicelli, macaroni finely chopped;green peas, bean curd.

fats-butter unsalted, well-refined olive oil, sunflower oil (do not fry and add to the dish and give in-kind).

Snacks - mild cheese grated, ham nezhilistaya lean finely chopped, eggs (payusnaya, granular) in a small amount.

Sauces and seasonings - Sauces milk, sour cream (on cereal with milk or broth).Flour not Passero.Sweet fruit and berry sauce.Spices excluded

drinks and juices - tea with milk, cream, weak cocoa, coffee rather weak with milk, with cream.Sweet fruit and berry juices.A decoction of rose hips.

prohibited : cabbage and red cabbage, turnips, rutabaga, radish, radish, onion, garlic, spinach, mushrooms;raw eggs;black bread;fried foods;meat, fish and mushroom broths;alcoholic beverages;sweet products;various canned foods;peas, beans, beans, lentils, millet;refractory fats;spicy and salty foods;smoked products.

1st breakfast - Dutch cheese, crumbly buckwheat porridge, tea with milk.

2nd breakfast - cheese calcined, broth hips.

Lunch - vegetarian potato soup, boiled meat, baked with béchamel, boiled carrots, jelly.

Snack-broth hips, sweet crackers.

Dinner - boiled fish sauce with egg, carrot and apple strudel, tea with milk.

At night-boiled milk (1 cup).

Full-day white bread 400 g sugar 30 g, 30 g butter, 300 g fruit

1) Stomach and duodenal ulcer disease with poor, severe (the long-term scarring ulcers, often relapsing course, etc..), with disorders of metabolic processes, the decline of power.

2) Heavy progressive course of chronic gastritis, gastroduodenitis, including in combination with liver and pancreas.

Purpose.Sparing the gastric mucosa and duodenal ulcers by limiting the mechanical, chemical and thermal stimuli in food, while the impact of the acceleration of the healing of ulcers and erosions of the stomach and duodenum, enhancing the protective mucosal opportunities, strengthening the anti-inflammatory effect of the treatment.

General characteristics. physiologically complete diet with a high content of animal protein, more than the number 1 diet, the amount of fat (mainly vegetable) and fiber (raw vegetables, fruits);It provides stimulation of protein metabolism, especially in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract;a positive effect on the motor-evacuation, biliary function of the digestive system, normalizes the processes of the nervous regulation of the activity of the stomach, intestines, liver and pancreas.Elevated levels of dietary vitamins (especially C, B, A et al.) Increases resistance mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract to unfavorable factors, prevents adverse disease course.Diet fractional - 7 times a day.

Culinary processing .Food is cooked in boiled or vapor form.The composition of the diet include salads of raw temperature normal.

Chemical composition and caloric content. 130-150 g of proteins (of which 1/3 of the plant), 130 g fat (including vegetable 1/2), 400-450 g of carbohydrates Calorie 3600-3700 kcal.vitamin B1 content is increased as compared with diet № 1 to 20% of vitamin B2, 40% of vitamin A 50% of vitamin C three times, 45% of phosphorus, iron 2.5 times.Sodium salt 10 The total amount of free liquid to 1.5 liters.

Bread and bakery products - protein bread, biscuits, dry biscuits;2-3 times a week cake or muffin from nesdobnoe dough with cheese, egg, boiled meat.

Soups - Dairy cereals pureed;they say face to face with the addition of pureed vegetables (cabbage excluded) milk with chopped vermicelli or noodles;pureed vegetables Cees carrots, potatoes, beets: vegetable broth drained, flour and sauté the vegetables), dressed with butter or refined oil.

Meat and fish dishes, meat lean varieties (beef, chicken, rabbit, veal), trimmed of fat and tendons, mostly chopped, steam cooking or cooked in a piece of water.Fish low-fat varieties of sea and river (carp, perch, cod, perch, and others.) Boiled or baked form.Jellied meat or fish (on a weak broth with gelatin).

egg and egg products, egg white (no more than two eggs per day) as additives in the food;omelet protein steam.

Milk and milk products-natural whole milk, cream, cheese, freshly prepared fresh in dishes (soufflé, pudding, lazy dumplings) or pureed, cream, sour cream, sugar;dairy products (yogurt, fermented baked milk, yogurt a day, acidophilus, acidophilus milk).

Vegetables and greens - various kinds of vegetables (except cabbage and red cabbage, radish, radishes, turnips, rutabagas, spinach, onion, garlic), boiled, stewed, fresh (grated vegetables) form puddings, salads,mashed potatoes, stews, casseroles.

Fruits, berries, fruits and berries sladosti- sweet varieties, ripe, raw, boiled, mashed and baked.Sweet berry juices (raspberry, strawberry) mixed with water.Honey, jams, preserves, sweet varieties of fruits and berries, candy, marshmallows, jellies without aromatic essences.

Cereal and pasta - dairy mashed cereal (especially oatmeal, "Hercules" flakes, buckwheat, oatmeal), pureed steamed puddings, boiled noodles, finely chopped noodles.

fats - butter, add ready meals (not fried).Vegetable oil (sunflower, corn, olive, cotton and others.) Added to the ready-made meals at the rate of 80 grams per day if tolerated.

Snacks - vinaigrette with vegetable oil, a salad of grated fresh vegetables, fruits, fish in aspic, meat, veal, cold, doctor's sausage, sturgeon caviar, cheese, mild, lean ham.

Sauces and spices - milk sauce (bechamel), fruit sauces, sauces vegetable broth with leaves of parsley, dill, sour cream.

Drinks and soki- weak tea with milk or cream, vegetables (carrot, beet, potato) juice mixed with water, fruit and berry juices, broth hips and wheat bran.

prohibited: sharp, salty, fatty, fried foods, meats, snack canned;vegetables rich in essential oils, with coarse fiber (onions, garlic, radish, radishes, turnips, etc.);mushrooms and decoctions of them;refractory fats of animal origin (pork, lamb, beef), margarine, cooking fats;black bread, raw eggs;alcoholic beverages;legumes (peas, beans, lentils);millet.

1st breakfast - omelet protein steam, porridge oats mashed milk, tea with milk.

2nd breakfast grated fresh carrots with vegetable oil, meat stew (100 g), broth hips.

Lunch - soup pureed rice milk, boiled chicken, vegetable stew, berry jelly.

Snack - a decoction of wheat bran and sugar, cheesecake.

1st dinner - fish fillet in milk sauce, mashed potatoes, salad from fresh grated beets, tea with milk.

2nd dinner - boiled milk (1 cup) of dry biscuit.

at night - whole milk - 1 tbsp.l.(High acidity);infant formula - 1 tbsp.l.(In all other cases).

Full-day white bread 400 g sugar 30 g, 350 g fruit