Neuralgia and neuritis symptoms
lesions of peripheral nerves caused by cooling, infection, trauma, intoxication, allergy, metabolic disorders.Characterized by pain and sensory disturbances in the innervation area of the corresponding nerve.
occur in diseases of the teeth, sinuses, narrowing of bone holes, through which the nerve branches.
symptoms. disease appears strongest attacks of pain in the face lasting a few seconds or minutes, occur more frequently when talking and eating.Provoke pain cold, infection, cooling.The examination revealed tenderness at the exit point of the trigeminal nerve branches.Detects certain 'Triggers' area of the face, the touch which can cause pain attack.
treatment. carbamazepine (Tegretol, finlepsin), aspirin, aminopyrine, analgin, dry heat, UHF-therapy, ultrasound, electrophoresis of novocaine.In severe - alcoholism affected branch or surgery.Always treated patients teeth and inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
often arises after exposure to cold, flu and other infections, at least - an infl
symptoms. develops paralysis of the facial muscles on the same side: the patient can not wrinkle the forehead, narrow eyes;mouth distorted in a healthy way.
treatment. acetylsalicylic acid, nicotinic acid, diuretics, antibiotics, glucocorticosteroid agents solljuks, paraffin, ultrasound, half mask Bergonie with potassium iodide or calcium chloride, vitamin B 1 injection, neostigmine;Exercise therapy, gentle massage.When dry eye instilled 30% sodium sulfacyl solution.
most often develops in injuries, sometimes after prolonged anesthesia with fixing hands, injections into the outer surface of the shoulder.
symptoms. There is a weakness of the extensor forearm, hand muscles atrophy, sensitivity upset on the outer surface of the forearm and on the rear of the fingers and hand.Brush hanging, half-bent fingers.
Most traumatic, sometimes with arthritis.
symptoms. violated basic flexion of the phalanges of the fingers and toes to bring.Interosseous muscle atrophy ( "claw").To upset the sensitivity of fingers.
develops in infections, injuries.
symptoms. Difficult opposition I thumb, bending fingers into a fist, muscle atrophy I finger ( "monkey's paw").Sensitivity is broken at the outer surface on the palm and I, II, III and IV half fingers.Frequent pain.
arises frequently in inflammatory and neoplastic diseases of the pelvic trauma.
symptoms. appear hip pain on the anterior-surface difficult hip flexion and extension of the lower leg, the front surface of the thigh muscle atrophy.Disappears knee-jerk reaction.Positive symptom Wasserman (tension).It should be distinguished from the destruction of the hip joint in which there is not only a pain in flexion, and rotation of the hip, a painful burden on the longitudinal axis of the leg.
reasons - common to other neuritis, osteochondrosis.
symptoms. pain in the buttocks, back of the thighs and lower legs, painful stretching of the nerve: Lasegue positive symptoms fit.There have hypotonia gluteal, calf muscles, reduced Achilles reflex.
arises for various infections.
symptoms. appear encircling chest pain, painful palpation corresponding intercostal space.Pain aggravated by coughing, sneezing.Intercostal neuralgia is often a symptom of diseases of internal organs, spine, so you need a thorough examination of the patient.
Treatment of neuritis .Anti-inflammatory therapy, analgesics, vitamins, Neostigmine, aloe.Physical therapy, exercise therapy, massage.
Rheumatic damage to the nervous system.
For neyrorevmatizma typical multiplicity of lesions, and their brevity.Vascular forms are more common in middle and old age, encephalitis - children.
Treatment .Antirheumatic and symptomatic therapy (see. Respective disease).
may occur at any stage of the disease.
early neurosyphilis develops in the first 5 years after infection.Primarily affecting the shell, and vessels.Syphilitic meningitis may occur acutely or chronically.In acute during pronounced me-ningealny syndrome, marked the defeat of the cranial nerves, raising the temperature to 38-39 ° C.In chronic meningitis typically cranial nerve (oculomotor often, visual).Meningeal syndrome is expressed not sharply.The cerebrospinal fluid protein content increased, increased the number of lymphocytes (100-150 cells in 1 mm), Wassermann reaction is positive.Syphilitic vasculitis seen repeated violations of cerebral circulation to the rapid restoration of the disturbed functions.
Treatment is carried out in conjunction w / venereologist on the template, consisting of 6 to 8 courses.Complete treatment for normalization of cerebrospinal fluid and serological tests.
most typical form of late neurosyphilis - tabes.Develops 15-20 years after infection.
Symptoms .Characterized by "raking" pain in the internal organs ( "stomach", "heart"), gait disturbance ( "stamps"), due to the defeat of the posterior columns of the spinal cord with a deep sensitivity disorders in the legs, cranial nerve (optic, oculomotor), trophic disorders, extinction of tendon reflexes.In the blood and cerebrospinal fluid is determined by the positive Wassermann reaction.
treatment.Specific therapy of repeated courses, restorative treatment, physiotherapy, pain - analgesics.
multiple lesions of the peripheral nerves.Observed in infections (influenza, diphtheria), intoxication (alcohol, lead, mercury, etc.), Metabolic disorders (diabetes), beriberi.
Symptoms .Pain, numbness in the extremities, muscle weakness and hypotonia of the distal portions of the arms and legs, sensory disturbances in the form of gloves and stockings.
treatment. The impact on underlying disease.Vitamins B1, B12, Neostigmine, Dibazolum, massage, physical therapy, exercise therapy.