Diet № 7
Typically, this particularly strict diet, which should ensure the sparing of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, and with it all of the digestive system.They help to create and maintain favorable conditions for circulation, remove from the body of unoxidized metabolic products, and nitrogen impurities.They are also considered useful for the prevention of inflammatory processes.
main requirement to all of these diets - no sharp or restriction on a particular period of substances that stimulate the nervous system and promote the retention of excess fluid in the body.Therefore, do not include pickles, smoked products, pickles, organic coffee, chocolate, cocoa, strong tea, mushrooms, grilled main dishes and first courses to meat, fish and mushroom broth, sausages, cabbage, legumes, vegetables, carbonated water.The severity and duration of such restrictions depends on the nature, severity of disease, age and general condition of the patient and in all cases regulated by the attending physician.Useful dried a
most severe of these diets - № 7V, which is prescribed for severe renal failure and provides for an exception from the diet not only salt but also protein products.
Culinary processing - all dishes are boiled, steam and prepare salted or unsalted all.First course - only tarianskie or dairy.
Acute and chronic glomerulonephritis in remitting phase of inflammation without the expressed renal dysfunction.
Purpose .Creating the most favorable conditions for the kidney function when they are inflammatory lesions, improving the efficiency of treatment by improving the metabolic processes in the tissues of the kidneys and other organs, anti-allergic effect of diet, improve urinary flow.
General characteristics. is a salt-free diet, which includes only natural background salt source of food (no more than 2-3 grams daily part of the diet).Significantly reduced protein, especially animal, reduced content of fats and carbohydrates.Restrict salt and simple carbohydrates has a desensitizing (anti-allergic) effect of diet, a positive effect on reducing inflammation in the kidneys.Significantly increased the content of vitamins in the diet, especially ascorbic acid, group B, A. Extended cooking possibilities diet, including vegetables, fruits, herbs, spices, increase the appetite of the patient, a positive effect on the digestive function.Diet fractional - 5-6 times a day.
cooked. Food is cooked in boiled, steam, baked form;allowed frying in butter and vegetable oil (no overcooking).food temperature normal.
Chemical composition and caloric content. 80-90 g of proteins (of which 50% of animals), 80-90 g of fat (of which animals have not more than 70%) of carbohydrates 400-450 Caloric 2800-3000 kcal.The food is prepared without salt.The amount of vitamin C is increased (compared to normal healthy human physiological) 2-2.5 times, vitamin Bi 40%, 30 vitamin B1, vitamin A, 50%.The total amount of free liquid to 1 liter.
Bread and bakery products, protein-free bread from maize starch, white wheat bran (baked without salt).
Soups - different - with sago, vegetables, fruit, vegetarian, prepared without salt.
Meat and fish dishes - lean meats (beef, veal, rabbit, chicken, turkey), fish (perch, pike, saffron cod, perch, roach) and boiled, followed by roasting, whole or chopped.
Eggs and egg products - protein omelet and for the preparation of various dishes (no more than 1 egg per day).
Milk and milk products, whole milk, yogurt, acidophilus milk, yogurt, sour cream, cream, low-fat cottage cheese (all in limited quantities).
vegetables, herbs - potatoes, carrots, beets, cauliflower, lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, parsley, dill, green onion - boiled and in-kind.
Fruits, berries, candy, any fruit, berries in bulk (cheese) and cooked;particularly recommended watermelon, melon, pumpkin;jelly, mashed mousse cooked on swellable starch;sugar, honey, jam, jam.
Cereal and pasta - are limited.Instead, they give food out of sago and special pasta water, milk in the form of cereals, puddings, casseroles, meatballs, pilaf.
fats differently, except refractory (mutton, pork, beef).
Snacks-vinaigrette with vegetable oil, vegetable and fruit salads, cold veal, fish in aspic, cheese mild.
Sauces and spices, sauces milk, tomato, protein-free, sauce, vegetable marinade with tomato.Sweet and sour fruit and vegetable gravy;with the exception of meat, fish and mushroom broths.
drinks and juices - rather weak tea, tea with milk, diluted 1: 1, fruit, berry and vegetable juices, broth hips.
prohibited sauces on meat, fish and mushroom broth;refractory fats (mutton, pork, beef).
1st breakfast - cheese curd (120 g), crumbly buckwheat porridge with butter, tea with milk.
2nd breakfast - porridge pumpkin with semolina.
Lunch - soup vegetarian (1/2 portion), boiled meat, fried potatoes, stewed fruit of all kinds of fresh fruit.
Snack-Carrot-apple meatballs baked.
Dinner fruit pilaf (1/2 portions).
At night-pudding of prunes 1 cup).
on all day - bran bread without salt, 250 grams, 50 grams of sugar, 20 g butter, 300 g fresh fruit