The symptoms of a nervous breakdown
nervous breakdown - this colloquial, everyday, obschepopulyarny, non-medical and non-clinical term.Nervous breakdowns can happen to anyone on the basis of high stress, and they are based on neurosis - a person's inability to adapt to life.
Neuroses - a group of diseases which are based on time-reversible mental disorders functional nature caused overvoltage basic nervous processes - excitation and inhibition.There are in a long-term traumatic situations and are psychogenic.More about neuroses, see here.
hysterical neurosis characterized by high affective lability and suggestibility, a tendency to imitate, prone to fantasy, with elements of theatrical behavior.Some patients respond to trouble hysterical fits of hysterical narrowing of consciousness, sobbing, pathetic.Hysterical attacks are not accompanied by a sharp sudden drop with bruises and injuries do not occur when the patient is alone.Movement disorders are expressive in nature and correspond to the content of the patient experience.Sometimes
One of the manifestations of hysteria - a disorder of consciousness, as occurs under the influence of psychological trauma.Perception surrounding broken, distorted.The situation seems bleak, menacing, it reflects the traumatic situation of the patient.Affective disorders are characterized by anxiety, fear.The behavior traits appear childlike, helpless, elements of false dementia - pseudodementia.Some patients develop neurological disorders: decrease in sensitivity on the type of stocking and gloves, shaking hands and feet, astasia-abasia, hysterical deafness, aphonia.There are autonomic disorders - heart rate, shortness of breath, pronounced vascular reaction.Hysterical neurosis ends after disappearance of a mentally traumatizing situation.
Neurasthenia is the result of exhaustion of the nervous system in conditions of prolonged traumatic situation.It is characterized by fatigue, irritability, weakness, decreased performance, sleep disorders.There is a subjective sensation of memory disorders.Develop autonomic disorders: increased sweating, palpitations, shortness of breath.
obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by obsessive fears, ideas, doubts and compulsive actions, tendency to introspection, self-doubt, indecision, hypersensitivity and vulnerability.Patients may develop obsessive fears hypochondriacal content (fear of death, fear of a possible cardiac arrest).Sometimes it develops a fear of heights, fear of fall under the transport (sometimes after a car accident).Often obsessive fears combined with compulsive acts (obsessional account obsession rearrangement of objects).Patients are critical to these phenomena, trying to overcome them.For longer than in neurasthenia and hysterical neurosis.
neurotic depression appears depressed, sometimes melancholy mood with some slowing of psychomotor reactions and thinking, monotonous depressive memories content, pessimistic view of the future, the fixation on the traumatic situation.It is accompanied by a tendency to tears, irritability, sensitivity, decreased appetite, and sleep disorders.Delusional ideas of self, vital disorders, severe psychomotor retardation or agitation, as well as the daily fluctuations of the state is not marked;neurotic depression does not reach the depths of psychosis, is reversible, it runs at a resolution of traumatic situations or under the influence of treatment.
hypochondriacal neurosis characterized by increased attention to their health, their feelings, the fear in the presence of an incurable disease.Sometimes it is caused by the careless remarks doctor or medical staff about the state of health of the patient (iatrogeny).It is accompanied by anxiety, sleep disorders and autonomic manifestations: palpitations, rapid breathing, bowel dysfunction.It is reversible, like all neuroses.
Treatment of neurosis: the elimination of possible traumatic situations or mitigate the patient's response to this situation.Hospitalization of patients in the health department of neuropsychiatric hospitals.Turning off the patient from the traumatic situation (family troubles, conflicts at work) has a beneficial effect.Medical treatment, restorative treatment is also beneficial effect on the patient.In some cases, treatment of neuroses is performed on an outpatient basis.The application of tranquilizers and psychotherapy.Tranquilizers - diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, trioxazine, and others-rudotel relieve anxiety affect, reduce sensitivity to external stimuli, cause sedation and muscle relaxation, improve sleep.
prescribed as course treatment;eventually replaced with another one tranquilizer to prevent habituation.
Amid easing neurotic symptoms carry out psychotherapy: