thrombophlebitis - this is a dangerous disease which is an inflammation of a vein (usually in the extremities, usually in one of the legs) by the formation of a blood clot in a vessel.When a clot forms in a vein near the surface of the skin, the disease is called superficial thrombophlebitis;it is not dangerous and is generally identified by the red sensitive veins.Deep vein thrombosis (when affected by large veins away from the skin surface) is more serious.It can cause more subtle symptoms (and in half the cases the symptoms of non-existent), but carries the risk of pulmonary embolism (when a clot is separated from the site of formation and migrates to the lungs) and chronic venous insufficiency (a violation of the outflow of blood through the veins), leading to dermatitis, enhanced pigmentation of the skin and swelling.How to use folk remedies in this illness, see here.
course of the disease can go through the three possible options.In the most favorable case, the clot dissolves, without causing si
thrombophlebitis superficial varices - the most common complication of varicose veins.Inflammation usually begins in the upper third of the leg and may be limited to zones of abnormally dilated tributaries great saphenous vein.If the thrombus formation process extends to the extended stem: the great saphenous vein, the likelihood of thrombosis ascending the great saphenous vein is evident.
Speed thrombosis distributing different.Already in the first day of the entire trunk of the great saphenous vein may be thrombosed, but is more common in slow-paced process of ascending thrombosis during the week.Signs of thrombosis are: redness and swelling of the skin;seal varices;pain along the affected vein;heat.Limited thrombophlebitis often occur without fever.In the elderly inflammatory reaction is less pronounced.
main task is to prevent thrombus detachment and migration of his lungs.Currently, for these purposes, it is widely used in the administration of the inferior vena cava lumen special traps - cava filter.This wire structure in the form of an umbrella, which is through a puncture into a vein, where disclosed.Cava filter passes the blood, but retains large clots.The method is security, high reliability, but it has some significant drawbacks.When thrombus filter catches, it is often thrombosing itself, and this leads to the spread of edema and blood clots on the other foot with the development of severe venous insufficiency of both lower extremities.Thromboembolism did not occur, however, the disease develops postthrombotic with the possible development of venous ulcers.In rare cases, thrombosis may spread above cava filter.
There are no less effective method of preventing thromboembolic events, but requires high surgical skills.This thrombectomy (removal of blood clots from the veins).This surgery can not only eliminate the source of thromboembolism, but also improve the long-term results of treatment of deep venous thrombosis.Postthrombotic disease after qualitative removal of blood clots do not develop.