Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
Ovarian Cancer - most aggressive malignant tumor in one or both ovaries.This disease is ranked seventh among the most common cancers in women.Although the total number of cases is relatively small, the death rate from ovarian cancer is very high.Ovarian cancer leads to the greatest number of deaths from all gynecologic cancers and is the fourth most deaths caused by cancer in women.The reason for the low survival rate is that the ovarian cancer usually causes no noticeable symptoms in the early stages, and currently there is no simple way to detect it.Therefore, the disease is usually not diagnosed until they develop symptoms and the cancer has not spread.Sometimes the disease can be detected during the regular examinations of the pelvic organs.
prognosis varies depending on the type and stage of the disease, but the surviving five years ranges from 30 to 40 percent.Therefore, it is important to have regular pelvic examinations;diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer in a very early stage allows for
There are three main types of ovarian tumors:
tumors of epithelial tissue.Approximately eighty-five to ninety percent of ovarian tumors develop from the epithelium, a thin layer of tissue that covers the ovaries.This form of cancer generally occurs in postmenopausal women.
germinomas.This type of cancer begins to grow from the cells that produced the egg in the ovaries, and mostly occurs in young women.
tumors of stromal tissue.These tumors develop from estrogen - and progesterone-producing tissue that form the ovary as a body frame.
Stage Ovarian Cancer
stage ovarian cancer depends on the tumor size, presence and location of metastases of ovarian cancer in the body.Preoperative staging of ovarian cancer can only be preliminary.An accurate diagnosis is established during intraoperative revision.
On stage I ovarian cancer symptoms of the disease are the location of the tumor in a single ovary.In stage IB ovarian cancer tumor extends to the second paired organ.In stage IC ovarian cancer may be damaged ovary capsule.
For stage II is characterized by the following symptoms: ovarian cancer has spread to the fallopian tubes or the uterus (IIA), to other organs of the pelvis (IIB).At the stage of ovarian cancer IIC malignant cells are in the abdominal fluid.
Metastatic ovarian cancer outside the pelvis are typical for stage III disease.They can be located in the nearby and distant lymph nodes, as well as in various organs
study of blood tumor markers in ovarian cancer
Currently, this type of study is considered one of the most important, as it allows you to accurately diagnose ovarian cancer earlystages of the disease.Tumor cells, particularly malignant differ more intense metabolism compared to conventional cells of the organism.They are constantly released into the blood different substances.If they are detected in the blood can accurately judge the presence in the body of a particular type of cancer.Such substances are called oncomarkers.They are specific for each cancer.For example, a blood cancer can be detected ovarian tumor marker, which is denoted as CA-125.To identify it enough to donate blood from a vein.The problem is that the appropriate equipment for carrying out a study only major cancer centers.
Identify CA-125 tumor marker is carried out with the following objectives: When a tumor mass during ultrasound tumor markers help you quickly determine whether the tumor is benign or malignant.Also, tumor marker CA-125 is used to detect ovarian cancer in its early stages, when the tumor is still not visible on ultrasound: a prophylactic study shows that all women who have relatives who identified malignant tumors of the ovaries, every 6-12 months.
• If you experience any of the symptoms of ovarian cancer , consult a doctor immediately.