Worms in Children Symptoms
Worms in children are found different types and at different stages of development.And because of this, and it depends on what symptoms will manifest themselves in the body of the child worms.In our latitudes can be 50-100 different types of intestinal worms in children.However, often there are two most common kinds of worms in children - pinworm and roundworm.
Worms eat in large amounts in the environment (soil, animals and foods).They can not live without a master.A child learns, everyone is interested in, all trying to taste and therefore constantly at risk of infection with worms.How to get rid of worms folk remedies, see here.
Worms in children are all possible ways of penetration into the body - with food (poorly washed vegetables and fruits, not fully cooked meat and fish) and water in the intestine, with the air in the lungs, directly through the skin, through the hands in the mouth and on tointestine after stroked a cat or a dog, and so forth. from the way in which and where infiltrated worm
extremely rare in humans, observe basic hygiene rules, worms, flukes (trematode) and tape worms (bovine tapeworm).
Worms in a child, and especially grudnichkovogo may appear descended from a pregnant mother - the larvae of worms pass through the placenta in the womb to the child.Worms can be transmitted to children through breast-feeding, or in the care of communication with infected parents.
Unfortunately, children are the most desirable prey to parasites.Why?Kids spend time on the playground, play in the sandbox, climb into the puddles, often put in the mouth dirty hands.In a word - are far from the most basic hygiene.On the other hand, in infants protective barriers of the gastrointestinal tract still imperfect, so they are very susceptible to parasites.In the body of a healthy adult tapeworm eggs can be killed by the action of gastric juice.In children, the acidity of the stomach is reduced, the eggs survive, the parasites multiply and cause harm.
child can pick up parasites almost anywhere.In kindergarten children have probably infected by worms.On a walk with the baby picks up the earth various objects, digging in the sand and in the ground can sometimes communicate with dogs and cats.Houses are dangerous street shoes and not well washed the floor in the hallway.The probability of occurrence of worms increases many times, if you do not observe basic rules of hygiene - the child is not taught to wash their hands after a walk, after using the toilet and before eating, and he just did not explain how unacceptable eating unwashed fruits and vegetables, or drink water from naturalreservoirs.
is estimated that 8 out of 10 preschool children are infected with worms.However, only every third sick child manifest overt symptoms.This means that most children experiencing disease in a latent form and, accordingly, does not pass the required treatment.
"it established that parasitic diseases lead to the development of various forms of acquired immunodeficiency associated with the suppression of the response of T-system of immunity to any antigens, including antigens of the pathogen of parasitic diseases (leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis), and polyclonal activation of B-systems (such as malaria, visceral(organ), leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, hydatid disease, trichinosis, strongyloidiasis, etc.), as well as less severe defects in cellular and humoral immunity.
Some parasites (ehinokakkozy) cause chronic damage to the immune system of the type of transplant disease.
study of the immune statusin children with enterobiasis showed a significant reduction in the level of A-interferon in serum (less than 2 U / mL), while maintaining normal production y-interferon. after 5 months of treatment from enterobiosis contents A-interferon in children reached the norm (64 units /ml and above). the suppression of non-specific resistance (resistance) of the body as a result of parasitism pinworms can be attributed to the fact that among patients enterobiasis were 5.7 times more frequently ill children compared to the same period in children without enterobiosis in the same children's groups.
prevalence of intestinal parasitosis, even in the absence of clinical manifestations may be responsible for secondary immunodeficiency states.In developing countries, high mortality from banal viral and bacterial infections associated with parasitic secondary immunodeficiencies and widespread in these countries protein deficiency.
In the 1990s, numerous studies have shown that not only ascariasis, toxocariasis and, to a lesser extent enterobiosis adversely affect the development of immunity after vaccination against diphtheria and measles.However, these studies did not attract enough attention.As a result there was a paradoxical situation.If you go to the vet and ask to vaccinate your dog or cat, then you should definitely be offered first to conduct deworming, t. E. Animal deworming.Otherwise, the effect of grafting is small.
When you go to a medical facility for routine immunization of her child, doctors did not even know about the possibility of failure in the vaccination due to the parasitic disease and is therefore not carried out the necessary examination and deworming. "
Sometimes worms can be found in the children's pot, most often it is pinworms.Or stool tests show the presence of Ascaris worms or other.There is no doubt - the child is sick and needs to be treated.
Unfortunately worms are not always visible to the naked eye, and do not always feces analyzes indicate their presence.But there are indirect signs, which can be suspected that the body of your child settled harmful creatures.
Here are the symptoms that indicate the possibility of infestation: salivation, nausea, abdominal pain, a sharp increase in appetite or a sudden his fall, stool disorders, fatigue, frequent headaches and dizziness - all this should alert the caring and attentive parents.
Bad, restless sleep and at the same time appeared an increased interest in the genitals may indicate infection of pinworms, which exert their activity during the night, laying eggs, causing itching.
If you suspect that your child was attacked by worms, are not sitting idly by.In addition to the usual analysis of feces, it would be good to go in-depth survey, to pass a special blood tests that detect antibodies to parasites.
It is worth to remind that the scraping on enterobiosis (when suspicion falls on pinworms) need to pass in the morning, not washing away the child, because the purpose of the analysis - to detect skin deferred per night helminth eggs.That is why it makes sense to go to the clinic just after the night during which the baby slept restlessly.
How often in our time can be heard from parents that their son or daughter is allergic to certain foods, plants, dust, etc. There is an impression that every second child -.. Allergies.Meanwhile, the cause of allergy (more precisely, the reason that in use is called allergy) may be the same as worms.
worms - roundworm and pinworm, or protozoa - Giardia or chlamydia, seized the child's body, poisoning his food his life.As a result of intoxication may appear on the skin rashes or other symptoms that adults take for allergies.
The same applies to chronic cough or runny nose, are mistaken for allergic.It is clear that the search for the allergen by a blood test or skin test in this case does not give clear results.
If any allergic symptoms in the first place you need to check the child for the presence of parasites.
Get rid of the worms is not too difficult, as recorded in the ranks of a child with allergies may be a lifetime experience limitations and treatment of disease non-existent.It may well be that the child's body drove from intruders, you will no longer find a trace of the former allergies.
No matter how great the risk of infection for our children, maybe we are able to reduce it?Remember that microorganisms living in food, multiply very quickly.And even if their number is not dangerous for the adult healthy person, a child, they can cause great harm.Therefore, food for young children should be prepared immediately before the meal.Absolutely can not feed the baby yesterday's soup, especially in the summer, in the country.Carefully read the labels on jars of baby food - not warm up baby food and never again eat the contents of the jars, if you open you do not hear the click.
Carefully wash fruits and vegetables.If a small child eats them raw, it is useful to pour boiling water over an apple or even clean off with his skin.And any root vegetable grown in the ground - and even more so.
Particular attention should be paid to hygiene, if the house is kid-slider.Do not let him into the bathroom and into the hallway, make sure that he could not get to street shoes.
While walking, try as much as possible to make sure that the child is not picked up and shoved in his mouth a variety of items, do not let him stroking cats and sobak.Nauchite child mainly hygiene!
Upon infection with intestinal worms in children clinical symptoms are more pronounced than in adults.Parasites nutrients used for their own development host and also violate their absorption in the intestine.Children's body is exposed to chronic poisoning food parasites life.Worms have a negative impact on the child's body as a whole.
Cheerful child often becomes distracted, lethargic and moody.He starts to get tired quickly, he develops headaches.child's skin is pale, disturbed digestion and appetite worsens, there are various allergic reactions.
About helminthic invasion of the baby often have to guess, being guided only by circumstantial evidence.Very high probability of the presence of such diseases as intestinal worms in children - symptoms of the following:
periodic cramps and pain in the umbilical region,
itching in the anal area (a clear sign of worms, pinworms) night "fidgeting»,
loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, disordersstomach or constipation,
weakened immunity, manifested in persistent disease SARS and the common cold,
worms have children accompanied by a bad falling asleep at night, sleep, accompanied by outcries,
urticaria, and other rash typical for allergies, dermatitis with an uncertain cause,
salivation,dizziness or headaches,
blue under the eyes, paleness, unreasonable whims, gnashing of teeth (not always).
parasites often become a cause sensitization of the organism.The child, there are various skin reactions, which are difficult to treat.
Worms in Children - foreign organisms that poison the small body products of their vital functions, causing toxicity and allergy.In addition, intestinal worms in children consume, such as minerals and vitamins for their livelihoods.Therefore, there is a deficiency of these substances in the body.This, too, signs of intestinal worms in children.
The most common intestinal worms in children occur in autumn and summer, when there is fresh fruit and vegetables the most, as well as children spend the most time outdoors.
Common signs of worms in children, associated with intoxication, include weakness and so-called irritable weakness of the child.That is, the child feels weakness, fatigue and therefore capricious and irritable.The child may sleep poorly, complaining of headaches and some vague abdominal pain.When worms in children can be reduced or increased appetite, and nausea occur periodically alternating constipation and diarrhea.In some cases, children may occasionally slightly increase body temperature (up to 37-37,2 ° C) for no apparent reason.Sometimes worms in children can cause itchy skin, recurrent skin rashes, dry and pale skin, bluish circles around the eyes.
It is important that the general analysis of blood, which is the point of doing the children on a regular basis, often with the worms in children revealed elevated levels of eosinophils blood.This figure speaks of sensitization of the organism.And one of the most frequent causes of sensitization child's body are just worms in children.With long-term presence of worms can be reduced hemoglobin in children.To avoid this, the treatment of worms in children should be a regular, because it is difficult to imagine the conditions under which the child would not be able to catch them.
Pinworms - the most common intestinal worms in children.Enterobiasis (pinworm infection) occurs in ¾ of cases detection of worms in children.If pinworms in a child may be itching and irritation of the anus (mainly in the evening and night time).Most often, a small child begins to masturbate because of itching in the perineum caused by pinworms.
Another type of very common parasites - pinworms.They are small worms no longer than 1 cm, but they cause serious disease - Enterobiasis.
Infection occurs through the mouth, where pinworm eggs to fall to the contamination of clothing, toys, clothes, and household items.Toddlers are often found under the nails.So, pinworm eggs fall into the baby's mouth, and from there into the intestine, where they immediately start developing larvae.Maturation occurs in mature individuals in just two weeks.And the female is ready to lay eggs.It does this at night, when the baby falls asleep under a blanket warms and relaxes.It was then she crawls from the anus and lays eggs around the anus.It causes skin irritation and severe itching.The child begins to itch, eggs get under the fingernails, and from there on the bed, clothing and toys.And maybe once in the mouth - in this case, there is a repeated self-infection.
Unfortunately, pinworm eggs are very viable and resistant to many disinfectants.Quickly they die only under the action of ultraviolet light.The characteristic symptom Enterobiasis - severe itching in the anus, especially in the evening and night, which naturally leads to sleep disturbances.The kids are getting very restless, ill gain weight quickly and get tired.Sometimes pinworms crawl into the urethra or vagina in girls, causing inflammation.Pinworms can crawl even in the appendix and cause appendicitis development that require urgent surgical intervention.
The second highest prevalence found roundworm children.They often do not manifest specific symptoms.Ascaris can have a relatively large size (up to 20cm), they often happen a few, and they tend to curl into knots.Therefore roundworm can even cause intestinal obstruction in children.Sometimes parents can test the child in the stomach knot of worms in the intestines.
Ascaris, probably the most common worms are not only in our country but around the world.And, of course, the greatest number of casualties occur among children.
Ascaris, round and long worms are very prolific: the female lays up to 200,000 eggs a day!Her future descendants fantastically viable eggs can comfortably exist in the environment for two years.This means that infected them simple.For example, a child played on the beach, poorly washed hands, ate an apple - and ready.Or my mother had prepared a salad without greens scalded with boiling water, or to eat my grandmother's garden tomboy stole strawberries straight from the garden - in general, reasons enough.
way, the eggs of these worms can be found even in the dust, but also their active transport flies.Once in the small intestine, roundworm eggs quickly turn into larvae, then introduced into the intestinal wall, enter in the blood vessels - and went for a walk around the body!With the current blood larvae are transferred to the respiratory system - in the alveoli, and then the bronchioles, bronchi and trachea.Climbing higher and higher, they reach the throat and saliva shock or food coming back up into the esophagus.And from there to the stomach and intestines - their permanent place of residence.Then their migration is over, larvae settle, grow, and now the adults start laying eggs.And why?