osteochondrosis symptoms

August 12, 2017 17:50 | Symptoms Of Disease

osteochondrosis - it's not just back pain.The state of health of the spine and spinal cord, nerve fibers associated finest with all the internal organs, affects the functioning of the heart, kidneys, lungs and gastrointestinal tract, and even on your general condition.Maybe you will be surprised, but even depression can occur not because of the tragic events in human life, but only because the destruction of the cervical vertebrae are pressed the nerves related to the brain.How to cure this disease folk remedies.

osteochondrosis - a very serious and unpleasant disease.It is often accompanied by pain in the lumbosacral region and one of the lower extremities.According to the latest medical data, a major cause of back pain is degenerative (destructive) process in the intervertebral discs.When osteochondrosis intervertebral discs - special cartilage structures that provide the backbone of our flexibility and mobility become defective.When osteochondrosis progresses, irreversible changes occur already i

n the vertebrae themselves.

difficulty of diagnosing osteoarthritis in that for the time being it can not manifest itself.And only a portion of a headache, pain in the neck, chest or waist, or can signal the development of osteoarthritis, or inform about already having a serious disease process, expressed osteochondrosis.

therefore treat low back pain is not only possible, but necessary if you want to avoid more serious health problems.

Of course, in the arsenal of modern medicine there are methods to save people from disease symptoms.But there are more forgiving and very effective natural methods of traditional medicine, can prevent an exacerbation of degenerative disc disease, get rid of the pain, feeling of weakness in the mornings and the evenings, return to the spine and joints mobility, and internal organs - health.Recipes herbal tinctures, compresses and grindings, home physiotherapy, massage, exercise (yes, can not do without them!) With oriental elements will help you to stop the progression of the disease at any age.

Spine - amazing natural structure that performs two main functions.Firstly, it retains all of its skeleton and a support.Second, due to the unique spine vertebrae compound provides design flexibility and enables the body to compensate for the load while moving.

Let us briefly consider the structure of the spine and look at how irregularities in his work influence on the rest of the body.

human spine consists of 32-34 vertebrae: 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral and 3-5 coccygeal.Each vertebra has a body and an arc.anterior vertebral body and is drawn its support part.Doug vertebra is connected with the back of the vertebral body via the vertebral arc legs.Mezhdu body and an arc located vertebral foramen.From the arc vertebra extend processes to which are attached the muscles and ligaments.Back in the mid-plane off unpaired spinous process, the right and left of the arc - the transverse processes.Up and down the arc of the vertebra are paired upper and lower articular processes.Grounds articular processes limit the upper and lower vertebral notch.When connecting the adjacent vertebrae together the upper and lower clippings to form the right and left intervertebral holes.A hole between two vertebrae out nerves from the spinal cord, and a bone-fibrous channels formed from the bodies of the vertebrae and ligaments, goes vertebral artery that feeds the brain.

Body adjacent vertebrae are connected by intervertebral discs and arcs and processes - by means of cords.

spine forms bends in the sagittal (front to back) and front (left to right) planes.The curves of the spine bulge ago called kyphosis, convex forward - lordosis, side - scoliosis.There are the following physiological (normal) curves of the spine: cervical and lumbar lordosis, thoracic and sacral kyphosis, thoracic (aortic) physiological scoliosis.Aortic scoliosis has about a third of the people, it is located at the third to fifth thoracic vertebrae in the form of a small bulge to the right.

curved spine helps him maintain balance and compensate arising in the implementation of actions and load movement.

intervertebral discs - a layer of cartilage, which function as shock absorbers and provide mobility of the spine.The central part of the disc called nucleus pulposus, and a peripheral part - the fibrous ring.Nucleus pulposus acts as a shock absorber between the bodies of two adjacent vertebrae.Sometimes within the nucleus pulposus it has a horizontal narrow slit, which allows to call such a connection polusustavom.Fibrous ring constructed of fibrous cartilage.The thickness of the intervertebral disk depending on the level and location of its corresponding spine mobility.In the thoracic region, the least mobile, disc thickness of 3-4 mm in the cervical region with greater mobility, - 5-6 mm in the lumbar - 10-12 mm.

exiting the openings between the vertebrae is called spinal nerves.The spinal cord and the whole body are divided into individual segments, each of which has its own spinal nerves: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal.Each vertebra out two pairs of (branch) nerve: front and rear.Rear innervate the skin and muscles of the back surface of the body.Anterior branches are connected and form a nerve plexus: cervical, brachial, lumbar, sacral, sex, and the oil.

Each organ is associated with the central nervous system by means of the nerves, so if the nerve is sick (pinched and inflamed), then the inner body and the skin area corresponding to it, completely or partially eliminated from the system.Disease conditions often disrupt blood flow, in connection with this body does not get enough nutrients.Thus, people with osteochondrosis often detected and gastrointestinal disease, liver, kidney, bladder, since poor performance of these organs leads to insufficient intake of nutrients in the blood, therefore the intervertebral discs lose their elasticity and evenlonger break.

cervical plexus innervate several sites: the skin back of the head, the ears, the skin of the body until the third ribs, pleura, pericardium, liver capsule, inferior vena cava, the right adrenal gland and thyroid gland.

brachial plexus consists of the nerves coming out of the cervical vertebrae from the fifth to the seventh inclusive, and of nerve exiting at the first thoracic vertebra.These nerves are responsible for the entire shoulder girdle: the muscles of the back, shoulders, arms and fingers, as well as the skin on them.

lumbar plexus is formed from the nerve roots that come out at the level of the twelfth thoracic vertebra, as well as the first to fourth lumbar vertebra.These nerves innervate the skin of the lower body, genitals, hip, leg muscles from the groin to the shin.

sacral plexus situated in the pelvis and is made up of the fourth and fifth lumbar spinal roots, as well as the first, second and third sacral.Lower limbs (skin and muscle) - is the area of ​​the sacral plexus.

sexual plexus is formed by the second, third and fourth sacral spinal roots.It supplies the muscles, mucous membranes of the pelvic organs (rectum, uterus, vagina, prostate, seminal vesicles, penis, bladder).

coccygeal plexus - is sacral roots of the spinal cord that innervate the anus and rectum.

Nerves are not only coming out of the spine, but also lie on the transverse processes of the vertebrae or the front surface in the form of chains of ganglia on each side of the spine.These chains are called neural sympathetic trunks.Nodes sympathetic trunks connected to the already familiar to us spinal nerves.Left trunk nourishes the organs, which are on the left side of the body, right - the right half of the bodies.Only three bodies are powered by two barrels at once - the liver, stomach and heart.

The causes of osteoarthritis can be set, and, as often happens, it is impossible to name one, major.Negative factors are superimposed one on another, which results in a disease.

With age, cartilage loses its elasticity, becomes less stable.Because of this, the intervertebral discs are recovering from bad loads.Uncompensated load on one side of the body slowly but surely undermining the health of the spine: sitting in an asymmetric position, the transfer of cargo in one hand, maintaining certain postures for a long time (such as reading while lying on one side), the use of incorrect pillows and mattresses to sleep (the head isat an angle to the body, the body is unevenly).This can cause a protrusion of the intervertebral disc and pinched coming from the corresponding vertebra nerve.And it already runs the illness associated with this organ department.

Malnutrition is closely related to another cause degenerative disc disease - obesity.Being overweight - is not only an additional load on the spine, the lack of muscle elasticity and decrease mobility.Rich in carbohydrates and fats food brings a rapid saturation, but these "empty" calories do not give your body anything useful - no vitamins, no minerals, no vitality.Without calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese and other trace elements cartilage and bones become more porous and will break under load.So, sadly, have to give up sweets, fried, baked goods and semi-finished products and go on a diet consisting of fish, fresh fruit and vegetables.Moderate consumption of cereals should be, sunflower and olive oils, cheese and cottage cheese.Meat, butter, fresh pastries, fatty dairy products, salt and coffee should be greatly limited, and the latter, in an ideal, and did refuse.

joins the third to the previous two reasons - a metabolic disorder.Metabolism - is the body's ability to receive, process and digest food to obtain energy and material to build cells.Typically, these processes are automatically adjusted as to maintain an internal process of the mineral composition of equilibrium.From entering the body takes food as much protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water, as it needs to function properly.If there comes a deficit of some substances, there are violations of protein, fat, carbohydrate, mineral and water metabolism.The consequences of metabolic disorders of the skeletal system can be osteoporosis, and salt deposits - often accompanies osteoarthritis.

Flatfoot and wearing uncomfortable shoes, high heels are also causes of degenerative disc disease.Abnormalities in the structure of the arch of the foot causes the spine to compensate for excessive load that occurs during walking, while body weight is distributed properly.

Other causes: spinal injury and the following irregularities in the structure of the vertebrae and cartilage, a sedentary lifestyle, about the impact of which will be discussed later, heavy physical work and constant heavy lifting, do not give your spine the possibility to recover, abrupt discontinuation of sports and weakeningmuscular system and stress as a result of which can be pinched vessels and nerves extending to the brain.


Proponents of this theory believe that with age the body processes occur violations of trophic tissue.In the first place, of course, they occur in those tissues that do not have a network of blood vessels.These include the intervertebral disc.

Meanwhile, it is known that in childhood education, this is the vasculature, but 20-25 years in the vessel lumen are closed, and drive them completely loses.Subsequently, with the growth of age-related changes in the body, and trophic disorders develop.

According involutional theory, these disturbances lead to a qualitative change in the composition of the nucleus pulposus in the intervertebral disc, which can not but affect its function, because I have such an important indicator as vnutridiskovoe pressure.With increasing pressure on the spine normally occurs before the pressure increase until it reaches values ​​that can resist external forces.If not, the excess pressure on the disc leads to flattening it, which in turn is the cause of stimulation of nerve receptors.If by that time having degenerative changes in the fibrous ring, its fiber may be broken when excessive load on them.

Dystrophic processes affect not only the drive, but also the adjacent tissue of the spinal motion segment.From this to drive processes more intensified, finally, there is a vicious circle with severe clinical picture.


According to supporters of this theory of degenerative disc disease, hormonal disorders occur first, followed by degenerative changes in the body, and the involvement of the intervertebral discs is part of the overall process.We give two main arguments:

Apparently, hormonal disorders play a role in the development of a degenerative disorders and disease osteochondrosis in general.


case of violation of the segmental blood flow in the vertebral motion segment is observed violation of water-salt metabolism, which consequently has a negative effect on the ion exchange.Subsequently, on the background of circulatory disorders formed dystrophic changes in various organs and tissues, including the spinal osteochondrosis.All this gives grounds to assume that the degenerative changes in the disc appear mainly in those individuals who have disorders of segmental circulation.

According to this theory, are 4 stages of development of degenerative changes in the intervertebral disc.In the first stage under the influence of both external and internal factors are increasing changes in the vascular system.The second is characterized by impaired blood circulation already actually in the spinal motion segment, vascular regulation.In the third stage - the deterioration processes and trophic lymph current drive.Finally, it all goes into the fourth and final stage, which is characterized by degenerative changes in the disc.


According to this theory, the emergence of infectious lesions in intervertebral discs and surrounding tissues leads to deterioration trophicity primarily due to a violation of lymphatic fluid diffusion.It is in this context and develop all of the degenerative changes in the spine, typical for osteochondrosis.

theory, however, representing a certain interest, not confirmed by the results of clinical trials, and today its supporters, for the most part, tend to its infectious-allergic version.


appropriately changing the activity of tissue enzymes in the drive With the development of the human body infection.As a result of these and other biochemical changes quite complex decreases the flow of nutrients into the disc, which leads to the development of degenerative changes in it.The altered disk decreases resistance to mechanical stress, that under the influence of physical activity can lead to disruption of the fibrous ring integrity.In response to the affected tissues VCP accumulated lymphocytes, which causes the development of cellular immune reactions.The antibody may appear blood to the tissues of the affected disc may cause immune responses.

Thus, the above theory takes into account solely the trophic moments.However, immunological changes in patients with osteochondrosis of the spine can affect the development and course of the clinical manifestations of the disease.


Proponents of this hypothesis believe that trauma, overload and temperature differences create an inversion of vector forces bioelectric fields of the intervertebral disc.