Angina - was known to physicians since ancient times.The name is borrowed from the Greek language.Literally it means "soul", "tapering", "squeeze."Formerly called angina fairly large group of diseases of the throat, in which people felt uncomfortable tightness, tightness in the throat.So we spoke at the same time: "The toad throat" or "angina".
Now angina called common infectious disease with acute inflammatory lesions in the first throat and tonsils.Often affected and larynx.Man feels the pain when swallowing and breathing constrained.Sometimes doctors refer to such diseases acute tonsillitis, but in the medical literature and in the dormitory firmly established the term "sore throat".How to treat a sore throat folk remedies, see here.
It would seem that if a person has a sore throat when swallowing, as is the case with angina, the disease can be considered as "local".
Still sore throat is referred to the "common" diseases in which the disease process covers not only the tonsils, but the whole bo
When the disease is usually a sore throat fever, a headache, loss of appetite and sleep, there is a weakness, aching joints.Start with inflammation in the throat and tonsils, sore throat is often accompanied by complications in the internal organs (heart, joints, kidneys).In this disease, the physician directs the patient's blood and urine for laboratory examination.Through studies establish changes in their structure characteristic of angina.
often happens, sore throat disappeared, a person believes that he has recovered from a sore throat.However, in order to really find out whether the person recovered, requires a deep clinical examination;Only with the help of a doctor determines how fully recovered all the functions of the body, impaired disease.
How and why the disease occurs?Condition of the body is affected by external conditions of existence, from the relationship with the environment.The disease occurs not once, not suddenly.Its cause and prepared for quite a long time, many external and internal reasons.
Health professionals are making effort to ensure to prevent the development of the disease process and stop it on the distant approaches to the vital organs of man.
In the event of disease plays an important role so-called reactivity, its ability to respond to a variety of external and internal events.This ability to subordinate regulatory activity of the nervous system, may change under the influence of various external factors.
Violation of the regime of the body, its rhythm, leading to poor metabolism, suspend or completely off some of the processes and functions.violations often occur from the impact of various external factors.. cool, fatigue, exhaustion, weakening the nervous system, etc. Among the external factors include and influence of pathogenic microbes that penetrate into the body from the outside, or a number of reasons will intensify its activities in this or that body.
in the tonsils of healthy people who have never bolevshih angina can sometimes detect various microorganisms.It is estimated, for example, that 25% of this streptococci - microbes commonly found in a number of serious diseases, including angina.However, they are for the time being do not bring harm to man.This continues as long as the balance between the environment and the organism.But once equilibrium is disturbed, a person becomes ill.
disease angina occurs because due to various external causes sickness increased strength and activity of microbe.There appeared microbe's ability to allocate so-called toxins - microbial poison.Man falls ill and because of that, for reasons of external nature there is a weakening of the body, it loses the ability to resist disease, there is increased susceptibility to tonsillitis.
Science conclusively proved that a sore throat - an infection.Practice confirms the possibility of transmission of angina from the patient to a healthy direct contact with the so-called "drip" through secretions from the nose of the patient through coughing, sneezing, and so on. D. The fact that the sore throat is contagious, and indicate the observed sometimes group outbreaks in a suitany team, when people eat foods contaminated microbe.
To better understand why the disease occurs, it is necessary to imagine how to construct a sip of a healthy person.
If you open your mouth, look in the mirror, you will see the opening of the tongue that connects the mouth and pharyngeal cavity, t. E. The shed.He limited the right and left special formations resembling sometimes almond.Hence the name of this tissue - "almond".In total, eight of the tonsils.
largest tonsils are located in the throat.The first and second tonsils, or, as they are called, palatine, yawn, located in the oropharynx.Third tonsil, also known as pharyngeal or adenoids, is adjacent to the back or to the upper posterolateral wall of the nasopharynx.Fourth amygdala, which received the name of lingual is at the root of the tongue.
In addition to these four main tonsils, can be found lymphadenoid congestion in other parts of the pharynx - near the mouth of the Eustachian tube (tube almond), in some cases - in the larynx (laryngeal tonsils).
All these formations lymphadenoid tissue called lymphadenoid pharyngeal ring.
We have already pointed out that in the gaps of the tonsils, even in healthy people find a different flora.This kind of "dormant" infection, for the time being it does no harm.Consequently, in order to protect yourself from a sore throat disease, care should be taken not to disturb the balance between the external environment and the body.Here are a few examples.
known that one of the environmental factors is hypothermia.Cooling even remote areas of the throat may cause a sore throat.We often hear: wet my feet - sore throat.This connection is clear.Therefore, everyone should observe cautiously, to avoid overcooling of the body, do not walk around with wet feet, especially guarded in wet, windy weather, and so on. D.
infection that is pathogenic start, gets into the human body in different ways.Sometimes the cause of the disease can be a abundant bacterial flora of the mouth and tonsils.
In other cases, germs - germs - pass, as we have already pointed out, from one person to another by coughing, sneezing, talking.It also happens that the onset of angina is caused by bacteria that nest in the hollow of damaged tooth.And in this case, personal prevention is crucial.Care of the teeth and their timely treatment at the dentist - treatment of patients filling of teeth - in some cases, prevent disease angina.
Protect yourself and others from possible diseases angina - which means eliminating anything that lowers the body's resistance and reduces its protective power: cooling, exhaustion, fatigue, nervous breakdown.
We must direct all efforts to ensure that raise the body's defenses and thereby eliminate the possibility of disease.
Depending on the nature and severity of angina disease occurs in different ways.What are the symptoms?
To distinguish katarralnuyu, follicular and lacunar tonsillitis.
Katarralnaya angina develops quickly and sharply.Man becomes ill suddenly, as it were: only that he was in good health, and suddenly felt discomfort, dryness, soreness, sore throat.A few hours after the first unpleasant sensation to the patient begins to feel that he had shed half swelling, pain on swallowing.Palatine tonsils, if they consider using a spatula or a teaspoon, will be swollen, strongly reddened.Palpation of the neck at the site of the submandibular lymph gland causes pain.
pain when swallowing growing, amplified by the hour, reaching its highest point in the second or third day of the onset of the disease.The patient has a fever (up to 38-39 °).
angina, especially in the beginning, often accompanied by severe, painful chills.The person experiences pain in the joints, general weakness, complaining of a headache.Sometimes it is nonsense.
In ordinary cases of angina during the inspection is evident that the number of swollen tonsils, blushed, covered with a yellowish mucous coating.In more severe cases, the mucous membrane of the throat hit petechial hemorrhages, and tongue palatal arch swell.
Katarralnaya angina-frequent companion of many other infectious diseases: scarlet fever, diphtheria, measles.It should always be remembered and at the first sign of angina necessarily seek the help of a doctor.
Signs of follicular tonsillitis is almost the same as the katarralnoy.However, the second day of illness against various redness of the tonsils can be seen clearly protruding inflamed follicles in the form of yellowish or yellow-whitish spots.This means that the inflammation of the tonsils to be cleared by follicular unit and thus were disturbed function, regulating immunity (immunity) of the body.
tonsillitis - more severe and prolonged disease than katarralnaya, it gives serious complications.In this disease more clearly expressed the main features of a sore throat - fever, headache, joint pain, malaise.the patient's voice becomes dim, indistinct.Pain when swallowing is very strong in the mouth indicated an increased content of saliva.You must daily medical supervision of the patient.
No less serious is the disease lacunar angina .In this form of the disease markedly deteriorating general condition of the body, the temperature rises sharply, and in children it often reaches 40 °.Headache, severe pain that causes swallowing.Pain in the throat grow rapidly, giving ear.The mucous membrane swells and turns red tonsils, are formed in the gaps of white or yellow coating - cork.These plugs consist of bacteria and tore cells with a significant number of leukocytes (white blood cells).Often, the tonsils are covered by a continuous bloom zheltovatobelyh films or bands.On examination, it stands out the redness and swelling of the soft palate and palatine arches.
When angina in the disease process is most involved tonsil tissue, it swells, increases in volume.Become visible at a palpation and pain submandibular lymph glands.
diseases include angina occurs so-called quinsy .Cellulitis - Greek inflammation.This condition is diffuse inflammation of tonsils and okolomindalikovoy tissue.The patient experiences pain when swallowing, refuses food, suffering from insomnia often complain of pain in the ear.Body temperature rises to 39 °.As a rule, quinsy is one-sided.Before arrival of the doctor can take streptocid and inhaling water vapor - breathe on the kettle with boiling water.
relatively rare disease is ulcerative film-Vincent angina Simanovskiy .The disease is due to simultaneous action on the organism of several different microbial species.Most often, the disease affects one amygdala.When swallowing, pain, temperature 37,3-37,5 ° or, as it is called, low-grade.On one of the tonsils is clearly visible white and yellow plaque oval.
On average, this form of angina lasts two to three weeks, but sometimes takes a protracted nature.
Tonsillitis is contagious, it is transmitted from one person to another.Therefore it is necessary to isolate the sick and immediately call a physician.
There is sometimes a form of angina as acute inflammation of the nasopharyngeal tonsil .Man becomes ill suddenly, he begins suddenly to feel dryness in the nose and throat, feels that there pershit and burns, the temperature rises to 38-39 °.Headache, sore throat, smack in the nose, general weakness, weakness in joints, and the next day - muco-purulent discharge from the nose - sure signs of developing nasopharyngeal angina.Nasopharyngeal angina suffer mostly in childhood and adolescence.The illness usually lasts 3-4 days.
person suffering from inflammation of the nasopharyngeal tonsils, should not blow your nose, because the inflammation can easily go into the Eustachian tube.In this disease also should immediately invite the doctor.
Quite often there acute inflammation of the pharynx lateral ridges. it arises from tissue diseases in the side bolsters of the pharynx.Disease begins with blurred pain when swallowing, general markedly impaired.The temperature rises in this form of angina can not be.When viewed from the throat side bolsters are represented as red bands.
noted that after the inflammation of the pharynx lateral ridges in humans is often exacerbated by rheumatism.Thus, an acute inflammation of the pharynx lateral ridges - it is certainly harmless disease as commonly thought.And so it is important to see a doctor in time.
variation of sore throat is an acute inflammation of lingual tonsil .Typical signs of the beginning of the disease - is gradually worsening pain when swallowing and tongue protruded.Pain is increasing with each passing hour, the ill person refuses food.high temperature (38-38,5 °).On examination, you can set the limited mobility of language;if the spoon to touch the tongue - the patient feels a sharp pain;root of the tongue is inflamed and Patriotic.Naturally, at the first sign of the disease ill should see a doctor specialist.
Laryngeal angina - acute inflammation of the larynx process.Proceeds it at high temperatures, reaching up to 39-40 °.High temperatures during laryngeal sore throat accompanied by severe pain when swallowing;receiving the solid and liquid food becomes even impossible.The general condition of weakness and malaise is growing and growing by the hour.Even the lightest touch on the neck of the patient in the area of the larynx causes a sharp pain.Head tilted forward, as each turn of the neck causes pain.Sometimes, there are signs of suffocation - breathing quickens, lips and nails become blue or purple color.Timely medical intervention and proper treatment usually lead to a favorable outcome.Success in the fight against the disease more fully and more quickly achieved than ever before to the patient called the doctor.
If care is important and necessary for any illness, then careful nursing is particularly necessary for patients with angina.In this disease a person is difficult to eat - should prepare easily digestible, nutritious liquid food and give them to the patient in a warm state.It is necessary to show a lot of patience and tact: Patients usually refuse - to eat, because eating causes pain, yet a lack of power is further weakening already undermined by the body.It is important to help the patient find a position of the head and neck, in which swallowing is not prichinaet pain.
We must remember that all the remedies, all procedures and destination particularly effective and efficient, provided that they are supported and complemented by a full care.
As you can see, a sore throat is manifested in different, not similar to each other forms.To know about the diversity of angina is necessary in order to spot the first signs of incipient disease, and immediately seek medical attention.
If desired therapeutic measures will be taken in a timely manner, it is possible for the disease to affect the very beginning and in many cases - to prevent possible complications.
We have already noted that the sore throat is often accompanied by infectious diseases.So, angina may accompany diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles.
There is an apt saying: "There is no scarlet fever without sore throat."And indeed, in the initial stage of scarlet fever usually appears angina, which are inherent in the characteristic features.When scarlet fever inflammation takes the form of small round bright red spots in the throat and palate, on the tongue.Within hours, they spread to the surrounding tissues, merge with each other and a solid red covers the entire mucous membrane of the soft palate.On the first day of the disease scarlet angina affects a significant portion.