Sinusitis - inflammation of the maxillary sinus disease and a nasty heavy.If you start it, doctors are forced to make so-called "pinholes" -prokalyvat nasal cavity, where the accumulated pus and wash their furacillin.This procedure is very painful, but if it is not carried out, the accumulated pus may go further - to the brain.The prospect of not happy!
main cause of acute sinusitis is an infection - bacteria and viruses penetrate into the sinus through the nasal cavity, or carious teeth with blood outflow from a distant focus of infection and cause inflammation.For the nasal cavity on each side adjacent paranasal maxillary (maxillary) sinuses.These sinuses are filled with air and connected by channels with the nasal cavity.When inhaled air passes through these ducts to the lungs of man, and also goes through them when you exhale.Unfortunately, the same way in the sinus penetrate pathogenic microbes that contribute to sinusitis.Adding an infection in the maxillary sinus and possibly with blood when a
feeling of tension or pain in the affected sinus, violation of nasal breathing, nasal discharge, disorder of sense of smell on the affected side, photophobia, and lacrimation.Pain is often diffuse, vague or localized in the forehead, temple, and there is at one and the same time of day.The average observed during nasal mucous or muco-purulent fluid, less swelling of the cheeks and swelling of the upper or lower eyelid.Often the pain is caused by pressure on the front wall of the maxillary sinus.Body temperature is increased, it is often a fever.
In sinus people feel tension or pain in the affected sinus, broken nasal breathing and sense of smell on the affected side, there is often severe pain in the forehead, when chewing, head tilted down.Sometimes worried lips.The diagnosis establishes doctor.
usually used conservative method of treatment aimed mainly at providing content outflow from the maxillary sinuses.In case of temperature increase is recommended bed rest and the administration of drugs that reduce the temperature, but with a strong intoxication used antibiotics.In the course of the disease occurs gradually swelling of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus.This, in turn, contributes to the displacement of the air out of it.Breathing more difficult, reduced sense of taste and smell.Therefore, to reduce swelling of the mucous membrane and improving fluid outflow from the nasal sinuses instilled drops vasodilators.
should be noted that in the case of neglect disease may progress to a chronic form of the disease.This happens at frequent repeated acute inflammations, especially when prolonged inflammation of the maxillary sinuses, as well as chronic rhinitis.
significant role played by the curvature of the nasal septum, as well as congenital narrowness of the nasal passages.In this course of the disease depends on the type of disease.In exudative forms - mainly complaints of the patient on the abundant nasal discharge.At the complicated outflow of secretions from the sinuses nasal discharge almost no patients complain of dryness in the throat, coughing up large amounts of phlegm in the morning bad breath.Usually pain in the affected sinus is not observed, but sometimes there is an exacerbation of the process or a loss of fluid outflow.In such cases painful sensations arise when pressing on the front wall of the sinus.The patient occasionally a headache, there are fatigue and difficulty concentrating.At an exacerbation of the disease are observed swelling of the cheeks and swelling of the eyelids.The course of the disease for a long period, and treatment should be complex.
Its main focus is to eliminate the reasons supporting the inflammatory process in the sinus (adenoid growths, deviation of the nasal septum, polypous-modified average sink, carious teeth), as well as ensuring adequate drainage of the pathological secretion (to do with the systematic lubrication middle nasal passage vasoconstrictor).
basis of occurrence of sinusitis is swelling of the mucous membranes, therefore the basic treatment is aimed at combating edema of the nasal mucosa.This is achieved by the use of vasoconstrictive drops: naftizina, Sanorin, tizin etc.