First aid for burns
Thermal burns arises from exposure of the skin of boiled water, flame, molten fat, red-hot metal.To reduce pain and prevent swelling of the tissues, it is necessary to immediately burned arm, leg substitute under a stream of cold water and hold it until the pain subsided.
Then, when first-degree burns (when the skin is flushed only) Lubricate the affected area with alcohol or cologne.The bandage can not impose.Suffice it several times a day to process the burned skin with special sprays such as "Levian", "Wee-hydroxyanisol", "Oksitsiklozol", "Panthenol", which are intended for the treatment of superficial burns and sold in pharmacies without a prescription.
When second-degree burns (when bubbles were formed, some of which have burst and disrupt the integrity of the epidermal sheet - the top layer of the skin) of the treated area with alcohol do not need to burn as this will cause a lot of pain and a burning sensation.Bubbles in any case can not be pierced: they protect the burn surface from infection
burned skin should not, as so often do, grease, brilliant green (green paint), a strong solution of potassium permanganate.Relief is not to bring, and the doctor will be difficult to determine the extent of tissue damage.
flame burns When people in their burning clothes usually torn, thereby fanning the flames.Immediately stop it, tear the clothes ignite or extinguish, pouring water from a bucket, a basin, the best of the hose, and in the winter throwing snow.
If there is no water under the arm on the affected nabroste blanket, thick cloth.But keep in mind: high temperature affects the skin of the harmful than longer, and held tightly to her clothes smoldering.Man in burning clothes can not wrap up a head injury in order to avoid poisoning of the respiratory tract and toxic combustion products.
extinguish the flames, quickly remove the victim's clothes, cutting it.The affected areas of the body for 15-20 minutes, spray the jet of cold water.
With extensive lesions nestle affected the pressed towels, sheets, tablecloths.Give him 1-2 tablets analgin or amidopirina.Call the "fast" or take it to the hospital.
chemical burn is trapped on the skin concentrated acids, alkalis, salts of certain heavy metals.it is necessary as soon as possible to remove the chemical substance!First of all, remove the victim's clothes, which were chemicals.Try to do this so that most do not get burned.Then rinse the affected body surface under abundant running water from the faucet, shower hose for 20-30 minutes.Do not use a swab moistened with water, as in this case any chemical rubbed into the skin and penetrates deep into its layers.
If the burn is caused by alkali, water-washed skin lesions treated with a solution of citric or boric acid (half a teaspoon per cup of water) or vinegar, half diluted with water.
areas of the body, burned acid except hydrofluoric, rinse with an alkaline solution: with soapy water or a solution of baking soda (one teaspoon of baking soda per cup of water).When hydrofluoric acid burn included, in particular, in the brake fluid to remove it contains fluoride ions should be very long, 2-3 hours under running water to wash the skin because it fluoro penetrates deeply.
When the burn is caused by lime, rinse it with water can not be!When the interaction of lime and water releases heat, which could aggravate the thermal injury.First, carefully remove lime from the body surface with a clean cloth, and then wash the skin with running water or treat with any vegetable oil.
on the burned area, apply dry sterile dressing.
In all cases, chemical burns after rendering first aid to be delivered to the facility.
frequent eye burns chemical dyes - aniline dye, pencil ink pencil, ink.
dye gets into your eyes it is necessary to immediately remove moist cotton or gauze pad and then rinse thoroughly with eye boric acid (half a teaspoon per cup of water), slightly pink solution of manganese-sour potassium or 3% solution of tannin.One of these solutions are poured into a sosudundinku (you can buy in a drugstore) or washed clean tea infuser tea.Parting forever affected, irrigate the eye over the sink by pouring a solution of undinki or kettle.If lekarstvennnyh solutions was not at home, you can rinse the eye under running water from the tap or cooled down with liquid tea from the kettle.After washing, it is necessary to consult an eye specialist, who will decide on further treatment.
acids, alkalis, trapped in the eye, can also cause severe burns of the cornea.To avoid this, we must first thoroughly rinse eyes under running water for 10 minutes.Then, if his eyes got any acid (nitric acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, oxalic acid, carbolic), rinse with a weak solution of baking soda - half a teaspoon per cup of water.When injected into the eye of alkali (sodium hydroxide, ammonia, caustic soda, carbide, lime), it is necessary to carefully treat the eye moist swab moistened with a 2% solution of boric acid.