first information about hydrotherapy come down to us in the Indian epic Rigveda (1500 BC).Water is used not only as a means of washing the bodies for hygienic purposes, but also served as a therapeutic agent of the Hindus and Egyptians.In the literature there are indications that the therapeutic purposes it was used the Assyrians, Babylonians and Jews.From Egypt, the treatment method was transferred to Greece by Pythagoras (582-507 gg. BC), which was improved by Hippocrates (460-377 gg. BC).
From Greece Hippocratic doctrine of hydrotherapy has been transferred to Rome physician Asclepiades (114-59 years. BC).In Rome, the treatment of water is widespread, as evidenced by the numerous remains of Roman Baths.Rome was famous public baths, has a large number of premises: for washing with warm water, wash with hot water, swimming in the cold water, for recreation and entertainment.These baths were called "balnium".From the words of this and there was a further "balneotherapy".Especially prized bathing-balnium
The "Canon", created in the X century.Abu Ali Ibn Sina (Avicenna), among other therapeutic agents also referred to water as a means of maintaining health.In India, balneological procedures were prescribed to patients both in external and in internal diseases.Very common was diaphoretic treatment of swelling of the face, extremities, with a total dropsy and in all cases where, in the opinion of the physician, the patient's body overflowed moisture, water and phlegm.The most popular were mud, massaging, bath, fumigation smoke and vapor, hot compress, hot poultice wet and dry;skin diseases, especially if they are accompanied by itching, patients bathed in artificial sulfur baths and natural mineral springs.
In the Middle Ages, who replaced the ancient culture, hydrotherapy development, as well as a number of other achievements of the ancient world, was suspended.Revival of hydrotherapy dates back to the second half of the XV and the first half of the XV century., When it began to develop in a number of European countries.However, even by the end of the XX century.This method of treatment has not yet received sufficient scientific evidence.For a long time the use of hydrotherapy treatments was based only on a purely empirical representations.Empiricists, intoxicated by the success of its therapeutic actions, as noted by A. Lozinski (1916), heard often in their techniques to curiosity.They are prescribed to patients to sweat in the steam bath or in a hot oven 15 consecutive days, patients were kept in the water, not only during the day but at night, or forced them to drink n day to 80 glasses of mineral water.To vary the length of stay in the water in the swimming pool for hydrotherapy placed floating tables with snacks.Such fanaticism could not contribute to the development of hydrotherapy as a science.