Accidents on the water
People suffering from diseases of the spine or blood vessels, you must keep in mind safety precautions: do not stay long in the water, swim away from the beach, swim in a drunken state.
How to help with the appearance of seizures?
Firstly, before a dip in the river basin or need to do some physical exercises - workout.Better if it will be running, ups and leg curl, light self-massage.The pool is useful to make a contrast shower, rub the sponge body, especially the area of the calf muscles and lower back.The goal of this workout - "warm up" muscles.Then while swimming in cold water vessel spasm (sudden narrowing them) will not lead to the development of seizures.If the spasm still occurred, you need to make a quick sharp pain stimulation to reduce muscle.For this Council to carry (in a bathing suit) safety pin.The sharp prick in the place of greatest density and muscle pain stop seizures.If the pins are not, the thumb several times sharply and strongly (in pain) push in this area.
If cramp in the calf muscles occurred at an awkward body position when cornering at night during sleep, some help in this case, you can: stand on the affected leg, up on the toe and did not hold the support arms.
First aid for drowning. swam to the drowning man from the back and hugging him, as shown in Fig.30, transport it to the coast.
Experience shows that it is better to start CPR to the victim immediately, as soon as the rescuer feet touched bottom.By supporting the victim with one hand on his shoulder, one hand fold his head so that his chin was pulled forward.Then the root of the tongue would go ahead and open the entrance to the respiratory tract.Throwing the victim's head, hold his nose, take a deep breath and pressed his mouth tightly to the affected mouth, exhale the air in his airways.* On the shore lay the victim so that his head was below the level of the pelvis: it will contribute to the liberation of the respiratory tract from the trapped water in them.
If the patient is not breathing or breathing its shallow, superficial, immediately begin artificial respiration means "mouth to mouth" or "mouth-to-nose" without interrupting her before the arrival of "first".
It is important to spend external cardiac massage. We must fast for a few seconds, to determine whether there is a pulse in the neck (at a point midway between the edge of the lower jaw and collarbone), check how the pupils react to light.If the pupils are dilated and do not react to light, and the pulse is not palpable, immediately begin chest compressions.There will be no mistake, if you do it at low heart rate.
External cardiac massage do this: standing on the side of the victim on his knees, felt for the lower end of the sternum, two fingers above put the lower part of the palm, and palm of the other hand on top of the right angle.fingers must not touch the chest.Rhythmically squeeze the chest, about 80 times per minute, without bending arms at the elbows.If assistance is provided by one person, then after 2-3 breaths he should do 15 chest compressions.If saving two, one produces artificial respiration, and the other - cardiac massage: after each breath should do 5 chest compressions.
victim be taken to a medical facility, even if he says he feels good.This is important because it can develop the so-called secondary drowning syndrome: pulmonary edema, cerebral anoxia, cardiac arrest.