Milk in diabetes
Diabetes - a disease caused by insufficient formation of insulin in the cells of the pancreas.This deteriorates the body's ability to use carbohydrates.
Diabetes is among the hereditary diseases, but sometimes it is caused by malnutrition, inflammation, traumatic lesions of the pancreas, diseases of other endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, etc.).
We already know that the human body gets its energy in two ways: processing the glucose (the so-called day mode) and fat recycling (night mode).Foods rich in carbohydrates, into the stomach, where the split, and blood glucose enters.Receptors catch hypothalamus increase in blood glucose level, and the signal is sent to the pancreas (hormones), resulting in increased insulin production glucose processing energy.Upon completion of this process, the hypothalamus secrete substances ceases transmitting signal in the pancreas and insulin production decreases begins production of growth hormone, that makes the fat into energy.
With insufficient production of in
Sometimes diabetes combined with obesity that is due to the violation and the second method of producing energy.Because the body is powered only by fat is very important growth hormone, which is responsible for their mobilization.However, with increasing amounts of fatty acids function in the body for its production is suppressed, and there is obesity.Coupled with diabetes, this phenomenon is doubly dangerous, because it is virtually irreversible process and contributing to the development of many other diseases.
The main symptoms of diabetes (in early stage) are malaise, constant thirst, strong urination, weakness, weight loss, anemia, itchy skin, a tendency to pustular skin diseases.Later on carbohydrate metabolism in the body can lead to non-compliance and other metabolic processes of the body (protein metabolism, lipid metabolism).As a result of the accumulation of intermediate products of metabolism of fat (ketone) may occur diabetic coma, at which there was a deep noisy breathing, the smell of acetone breath, rapid pulse and low blood pressure.The next stage of diabetic coma is a drop in cardiac activity and loss of consciousness.
Some time ago, diabetes was considered incurable and almost always fatal.However, with the development of science, doctors have learned to inject insulin (artificial hormone), which significantly facilitate the participation of the majority of patients.In some cases we can even achieve recovery.An example is gestational diabetes, which occurs usually due to malnutrition and makes it necessary to inject insulin delivery or until the end of the feeding period of the child.
However, insulin injections are not the only way of healing diseases, and which necessarily must contain a component such as a health food, which is the most reliable and proven way to arrest the development of diabetes.Injections of a hormone made only in the event that the diet did not produce significant results.Insulin - a very strong medication, and overdose is fraught with consequences - namely, deep hypoglycemia, in which sharply decreases in blood sugar levels, which condemns to starvation of the brain, the heart and can lead to death.
In diabetes diet appointed the doctor based on the clinical features of the disease, as well as in a kind of insulin.From a physician recommended diet can neither retreat nor change it.This can be done only after the expert examination and determine the cause of the disease.
diet aimed at reducing carbohydrate content with the same amount of protein in food, vitamins and minerals.Firstly, the restricted use of simple carbohydrates - sugar, sweets;secondly, - of vegetable products containing starch.Reduced consumption of bread and bakery products, fat (meat, lard, fish oil), pasta, cereals and eggs.It is also important amount of water consumed by the patient, as often occurs in diabetes and impaired sensation of thirst water exchange.
Of diet foods milk is the most appropriate, since when a large amount of protein, vitamins and minerals in it a relatively low fat (3%), differing light absorbency in contrast to other animal fats, such as lamb orlard.Milk also contains a large amount of water (88%), which is easy to calculate in the preparation diet.However, in the diet restricts the consumption of dairy products, which due to the special processing contain large amounts of carbohydrates (butter, fat cottage cheese and curd).This does not mean that a person with diabetes should absolutely avoid these foods, but their consumption is strictly regulated.
8:00: 200 g of rye bread, 30 g of herring, 100 grams of boiled potato, 5 g butter, coleslaw with apples (50 g apples, 250 g of cabbage, citric acid, saccharin, salt), a cup of coffeemilk - 50 g (saccharine).
11:00: porridge of wheat bran with milk (50 g of bran, 20 g of cereals, 60 g of milk), a cup of broth hips.
14 hours: 100 g of rye bread, soup na meat broth, stew (100 grams of meat, 10 g of butter), buckwheat porridge with gravy from the stew (cereals 40 g), salad with sauerkraut, apple (100g).
17 hours: burgers made from potatoes and wheat bran (200 g of potatoes, 50 g of ground wheat bran, 40 g of milk, 1/2 eggs, 10 g of oil), a cup of coffee with milk on saccharin (50 g of milk).
19 hours: 100 g of rye bread, fried meat patty (70 grams of meat, 5 g of the oil prepared without bread), cabbage (5 g of oil), cheese - 20 g
hour before sleep: hard-boiled egg, a cup of broth hips.
Vegetables such as cabbage, lettuce, cucumbers, zucchini, grated carrots or beets eat when the appetite comes.When
diet limiting carbohydrate intake to the body, reduced total caloric content, cooking of food may be any (without salt), it is recommended to eat 4 - 5 times a day in small portions.On average, the daily diet should contain: 100-130 grams of protein, 60-90 grams of fat, 100-120 grams of carbohydrate, 3 - 5 grams of salt.
diet should be combined with the unloading days (a special form of clinical nutrition), aimed at the partial starvation in violation of the functions of the digestive system or metabolism.The most efficient dairy days that you need to drink every 2 hours for 100 g of milk or 80 g of kefir, yogurt or sour milk.
milky curd days - 5 - 6 glasses of milk and 300 grams of low fat cottage cheese.Recommended for diabetes combined with obesity.
Cheese days - 400 - 600 g low-fat cottage cheese, sour cream 60 g and 100 g of milk.Curd days also suggested to arrange obese.
There are many varieties of fasting days: vegetables, fruit, tea, meat.However, they should not be carried out spontaneously, but only under strict medical supervision.The interval of unloading days (2 to 7) as determined by the physician.
fruitfully impact on health and the consumption of fermented milk products such as kefir, sour: when fermenting milk protein is split, and swallowed him not to do unnecessary work.This may give rest to the secretory activity of the pancreas, and favorably affect the course of the disease in general.In addition, dairy products contain bacteria with antibiotic properties that can positively affect the activity of the gastrointestinal tract.