The symptoms of dysbiosis
Dysbacteriosis intestine caused by the prevalence of staph, is a consequence of the adverse effects of drugs.It develops on the background of changes in the body's reactions to external factors and lowering of the barrier function of the intestine.In this form dysbiosis observed symptoms associated with intoxication and inflammatory processes developing in the gut: fever (39 ° C) with chills and sweating, headache, weakness, poor appetite, insomnia, persistent or cramping pain in the abdomen, abundant liquid stool with blood, mucus and the presence of pus.Stool frequency - up to 7-10 times a day.Objectively recorded bloating, long-term pain along colon spasm.Changes in blood characterized by an increase in the number of white blood cells, and if severe - a decrease in the total protein content.How to use folk remedies in this illness, see here.
Depending on the cause (etiology) in modern medicine are the following types of dysbiosis.
Dysbacteriosis in healthy individuals:
Dysbacteriosis infectious, allergic diseases, immunodeficiency, hypovitaminosis, hypoxia, ie, insufficient supply of oxygen to tissues, and hypoxemia - reduced contentoxygen in the blood, intoxication caused by both external and internal factors, the impact of radionuclides.
Drug goiter as a result of antibiotics, sulfonamides, tuberculostatics, immunosuppressive drugs, antacids, antisecretory, laxatives and so on. D.
stress dysbiosis occurs with prolonged emotional or physical stress.
Depending on the severity of the violation of the microflora isolated 3 degrees of dysbiosis:
There is another classification of dysbiosis - depending on the proportion of E. coli and opportunistic microbes:
1. Violation of body weight:
no gainbody weight;
2. Changes in the skin, mucous membranes, subcutaneous tissue:
pale, gray skin color;
decreased skin elasticity;
erosion at the corners of the mouth;
brightness, "varnishing" the mucous membranes;
changes in the mucosa and skin in the anal area.
3. Symptoms of the digestive system:
loss and lack of appetite;
metallic taste in the mouth;
palpation of the abdomen rumbling;
abdominal pain (independent and palpation);
itching and burning in the anus;
compliance anus, disruption of the sphincter of the rectum (sphincteritis);
diarrhea: no dehydration, dehydration, intoxication;
chair: a rich, mushy with undigested lumps of mucus;watery;lean liquid with pathological impurities;
1. Symptoms from the gastrointestinal tract:
decrease or loss of appetite;
metallic taste in the mouth;
abdominal pain (dull or cramping) and self-palpation;
feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel;
alternating constipation and diarrhea.
dry skin and mucous membranes.
3. Allergic syndrome:
itching of the skin and mucous membranes;
allergic rashes on the skin.
4. Common symptoms:
from intestinal dysbiosis is necessary to distinguish the so-called disbakterialnyh (disbakterioznye, disbiotic) reaction - short-term changes of intestinal microflora.These changes occur in the short-lived impact of adverse factors and spontaneously disappear after removing the cause of 3-5 (rarely - in 10 or more) days without any specific therapeutic interventions.
symptoms of dysbiosis are many manifestations of itself - from subtle (if a person has a huge reserve of compensatory abilities) to severe metabolic disturbances.It is particularly important to note that at dysbacteriosis may be quite different clinical pictures: they are irritable bowel syndrome, and spastic or hyper gipomotornaya dyskinesia (disorder coordinated movements of the colon), and chronic non-ulcer colitis.
Consider the most common symptoms of dysbiosis.
The most common clinical manifestation of dysbiosis is a gastro-intestinal dyspepsia syndrome.This is understandable: at dysbacteriosis digestive function is impaired in the first place.How does this syndrome?First of all - the chair violations.Typically, this diarrhea (6-8 times a day, feces yellowish-green, with a sharp unpleasant odor), but may be constipation and alternating diarrhea and sometimes constipation.Because of frequent defecation occurs in patients dull pain in the anus.Appear belching, nausea, heartburn.Many people celebrated flatulence caused by flatulence, violation of the absorption and removal of gas.Flatulence in these cases is more pronounced in the second half of the day and night.Patients constantly complain about the rumbling in the stomach, bloating, bad taste in the mouth.Note: intestinal infections, including dysentery, can proceed with the same symptoms!
Abdominal pain of different nature:
manifested in almost all patients with dysbiosis children (93-98%) and the majority of adults (80%).Expressed as a rule that a person can not tolerate some foods (to identify it is sometimes very hard).After a few minutes (or a few hours) after eating foods such patients have nausea, diarrhea, swells and starts to hurt the stomach, often these phenomena are complemented by general allergic reactions: urticaria, pruritus, edema, bronchospasm.
characterized, firstly, persistent diarrhea, and secondly, there are signs of deficiency of certain substances in the body.If a violation intestinal absorption of long, then clearly manifested general signs of ill people: falls immunity, against this background, begin frequent diseases of nasopharynx, bronchi, lungs, skin, joints.
For example, when there is insufficient protein intake in patients observed malnutrition.Man begins to rapidly lose weight, he appeared edema, hypoproteinemia, ie reduced protein content in the blood begin degenerative processes in the liver.
case of violation of carbohydrate intake in patients experiencing hypoglycemia, that is, low blood glucose, which can not be eliminated even taking a concentrated sugar solution.
If due to dysbacteriosis violated complete absorption of calcium, it begins hypocalcemia - decreases in blood calcium: weakening and thinning bones (osteoporosis appears - the scourge of our time), numb fingers and toes, anemia, depression, apathy.
Reduced phosphorus absorption resulting in skull deformation, bending of limbs, stunted growth in children.
water and electrolyte disorders are characterized by:
symptom complex of vitamin A deficiency is directly related to a violation of intestinal absorption.When dysbacteriosis most pronounced deficiency of vitamins of group B. The very first sign of it is a violation of the motor function of the digestive tract.
But the lack of any particular vitamin has its own characteristic features.At deficiency of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin, which has great importance for the process of hematopoiesis) a person develops anemia.Often, vitamin B12 deficiency disrupted production of vitamin K and folic acid, which leads to very different bleed.
With a lack of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is often observed stomatitis, cheilitis - inflammation of the skin of the lips appear perleches, dermatitis wings of the nose and nasolabial folds, falling out, thinning and ill nails.
Lack of vitamin B1 (thiamine, or as it is called, antineurotic vitamin), is a typical neurological disorders: headaches, irritability, general weakness, insomnia, intestinal atony.
The same thing happens with a deficiency of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine).At deficiency of both vitamins (B1 and B6) regular violations of the peripheral nervous system can develop into neuritis, degenerative processes begin infarction.
Serious neurological failures occur in the case of reducing the number of necessary body of nicotinic acid.At the same time patients have irritability, imbalance, a phenomenon glossitis - inflammation of the mucous membranes language (characterized by the bright red color of the mucous tongue, throat, mouth, increased salivation).
often broken at dysbacteriosis suction ability of fat soluble vitamins, especially vitamin D, which can lead to rickets or aggravate it for children.
anorectal syndrome often develops after prolonged treatment with antibiotics.It is characterized by a general poor health: weakness, headache, lack of appetite.Then, the temperature may rise, diarrhea begins, there is a dull pain in the anorectal area (around the anus).
In conclusion, we must mention the widespread error: dysbiosis often confused with a variety of acute intestinal diseases, and not only patients, but in some cases, and doctors.So I want to draw your attention - and patients and doctors - on the characteristic symptoms of such diseases.
for acute intestinal infections (AII) is characterized by:
For acute food poisoning characterized by:
main symptom of dysbiosis:
In addition, for the expressed dysbacteriosis characteristic manifestations polyhypovitaminosis (lack of vitamins) and mineral deficiencysubstances amplification allergic disorders while reducing immunity.Note the language: often he becomes a "geographical" - striated, it appears raids (whitish, yellowish, etc .; especially should be wary if a black patina - it can be a sign of the development of fungi in the gut).
As you can see, a lot of the symptoms of dysbiosis, and often they are very similar to symptoms of other diseases.Therefore, a doctor (of any type) is very important to have laboratory tests that provide information about the state of the patient's microflora.To do this, there are a variety of methods.
The most common method - sowing feces on a dysbacteriosis.With it is possible to detect not only the presence of opportunistic pathogens, but also a deficit of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.However, this method is not accurate enough, as it reflects only the microbial composition of the distal intestine (direct and part of the sigmoid colon).With this, only about 20 species of bacteria can be distinguished analysis, although their lives in the intestines of about 500. Nevertheless, the analysis gives very accurate information to assess the state of the most important bacteria that inhabit the colon and the doctor it is possible to assign the necessary treatment.
For diagnosis of dysbiosis also spend scatological study (coprogram) - biological study of intestinal contents.
Another method - the gas-liquid chromatography feces, based on separation and subsequent analysis of the various components of the intestinal contents.This method makes it possible to detect the volatile fatty acids:. Acetic, valeric, caproic, isobutyric, etc. Deviation their content from the physiological norm characterizes the state of the intestinal flora and the relationships within it.
Next, endoscopy - bacteriological examination of scrapings from the duodenal mucosa by means of an endoscope introduced into the intestine.
Sigmoidoscopy - bacteriological examination of scrapings from the mucous membrane of the rectum - visual inspection of the rectum and sigmoid;colonoscopy - examination of the internal surface of the colon through a flexible optical instrument - colonoscope, as well as the study of intestinal contents and bile.
used and a method such as the definition of indole and skatole in the urine.
for rapid diagnosis of small bowel used breathing 4C-xylose test, but the results are not always accurate, error probability - 10%.
By analyzing the chloroform-methanol extract intestinal fluid in the intestine reveal the free bile salt.However, this method is rarely used.
To elucidate the causes of dysbiosis conduct X-ray, endoscopy and ultrasound studies of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as a CT scan of the abdomen.
Do not hesitate to visit a doctor if:
In addition, there are a number of psychological moments, signaling that the health (in particular, with the microflora) is not all right:
If dysbiosiscaused by Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, enterococci, are the following effects: poor appetite, dull abdominal pain, unstable mushy stools with lots of mucus, flatulence, spasms and soreness of the sigmoid colon.Because of the low severity of the above symptoms the situation is often underestimated, and develop an inflammatory disease support (mainly local) process in the intestine.
Dysbacteriosis, evokes opportunistic pathogens (usually dominated by staphylococci, yeast-like fungi, enterococci, rarely haemolytic and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) is much greater than in the case of one agent.
With the prevalence of fungal flora pattern of symptoms is often unclear or erased.The body temperature is normal, there is a slight abdominal pain, loose or mushy stools 3-5 times a day, sometimes with mucus and the presence of a whitish-gray mycotic lumps.
heavier flows dysbiosis caused by fungi of the genus Candida and Aspergilla.When candidiasis patients complain of abdominal pain of different nature or localized in the navel, bloating and a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen.A chair liquid or mushy with mucus, sometimes with blood or frothy, with the presence of whitish-gray or gray-green mycotic lumps or films to 6 or more times per day.
patients are observed low-grade fever, loss of appetite, general weakness, weight loss.On examination, they observed a crimson tongue and stomatitis.
intestinal dysbiosis caused by Aspergillus (pathogenic are 15 300 known species), more frequent in patients with previous diseases of the stomach or intestines, especially in gastritis with high acidity.The manifestations of the presence of Aspergillus occur in sharply weakened, malnourished patients against the general, often chronic lung disease (tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.), Diseases of the blood, in the process of long-term use of antibiotics (especially tetracycline).The disease begins with dyspepsia: nausea, vomiting, pain in the epigastric region, mold, bitter taste in the mouth, sores in the mouth, pharynx and throat, as well as foam chair with a lot of mucus and musty odor, sometimes mixed with blood.Bowel dysbacteriosis caused by Aspergillus species, may occur with severe intoxication called mycotoxicosis, since these microorganisms being biochemically active form enzymes and thus may produce toxic substances.This gives rise to symptoms similar to intoxication, especially after eating a large amount of carbohydrates.
Typically, fungal lesions of the intestine accompanied by manifestations of severe somatic diseases, which complicates their treatment.anemia;