Vegetarianism - it's a kind of power system, excluding or limiting consumption of animal products.Its origins go back to ancient times.Vegetarianism is widespread in Western Europe in the first half of the XIX century.In Russia, it has become fashionable in the late XIX century, mainly among intellectuals and the various religious sects.
In terms of animal food restrictions vegetarians are divided into several groups.
Representatives of one of them, starovegetariantsy prohibit the use of any animal products - meat, fish, milk and animal fats.
Other so-called mladovegetariantsy, exclude from the diet only meat products and allow consumption of dairy products and eggs.
separate group teaches raw food, including cereals and potatoes.
Common to all followers of vegetarianism is to eliminate from the diet products obtained by slaughtering animals.
For years, discussions about the use of plant and animal foods.Vegetarians have argued that the consumption of animal products is contrary to the structure an
Supporters of animal food stressed its crucial importance as a source of high-grade amino acid composition of easily digestible proteins.
modern science recommends a diet mixed diets, including foods of both vegetable and animal origin.Such a variety of food products in compliance with the principles of a balanced diet allows the body with all needed him nutrients.Adoption of vegetarians that plant products can serve as a good source of protein, is erroneous.Proteins of vegetable origin digested worse, since the effects are more difficult to digestive enzymes.Most of these proteins are poorly balanced amino acid composition that umenshaet4 their nutritional value.
Proteins of animal origin contain very valuable essential amino acids that can not be synthesized in the body and must be obtained from food.The lack of animal proteins adversely affects the central nervous system, the functions of the endocrine glands, the liver.In addition, animal products are the main sources of fat-soluble vitamins A and D, and water-soluble vitamins of group B. These products include milk, eggs, fatty fish tissues and organs, the liver.We must not forget also that the meat diet and gives the body a feeling of fullness for longer.
not taking vegetarianism as the main trends in human nutrition, modern science nevertheless notes a number of positive points in this doctrine.
Plant foods, especially fruits and vegetables are essential providers of many vitamins, minerals, trace elements.It is difficult to overestimate the role of fruits and vegetables for people who are overweight or obese.At a low calorie voluminous dishes are given an opportunity to get a feeling of satiety.In this regard, the sedentary lifestyle and tendency to excess body weight is recommended to use vegetable or fruit fasting days.
Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables reduces the amount of cholesterol in the blood and helps to eliminate it from the body, which is important for the prevention of atherosclerosis.In plant foods contain substances that strengthen the walls of blood vessels and makes them more resistant to adverse conditions.An important feature of fruits and vegetables is their ability to stimulate appetite and a positive effect on the secretory function of the digestive glands.This ability is more pronounced in fruits and vegetables that contain essential oils, which gives them a pleasant aroma and distinctive taste (parsley, radish, garlic).Strong secretory action have cucumbers, cabbage, vegetable juices, vegetable soups.In combination with vegetables
better digest protein, fat and carbohydrate foods.It is proved that a well-balanced amino acid composition of the diet can be made without meat on the basis of a combination of plant foods with dairy products and eggs.Short-term assignment of such vegetarian food is recommended for certain diseases of the cardiovascular system (hypertension, atherosclerosis), kidney diseases and a number of gastrointestinal diseases.
In addition, vegetable diet prevents the conversion of carbohydrates into fats, and normalizes blood clotting process and prevents bleeding different.The green vegetables are many substances that promote blood formation and to maintain normal blood composition, providing protivoskleroticheskoe action stimulates all muscles of the body, including the heart.The efficiency of a vegetable diet for the maximum possible removal from the body of toxic produce.
In clinical nutrition vegetable diet is used as a vegetable, fruit and fasting days on the background of a mixed balanced diet.