Particularly biologically valuable food
in a balanced diet is essentially used all the foods that are mastered for the history of mankind.They all have certain biological properties and each food product has its specific set of biologically active substances.
The chemical composition, nutritional properties and biological effects of the foods used by man, are mixed substances.
At the same time some of them have precedence as sources of plastic and growth substances, others serve as the main source of energy materials, and others provide adequate essential regulatory components.And finally, the fourth is a concentrate of active substances in which the amount of these products is much higher compared with any other foodstuff.
Sources plastic substances include all edible products of animal origin.
most important part of their - protein, containing all essential amino acids, beneficial for a balanced synthesis of tissue.
total protein content in food of animal origin is as follows: in the meat and fish - 15-20%, in the milk - 3-4, in cottage
protein digestibility of foods of animal origin - not less than 96%.Sources of plastic substances can partially be proteins and plant products.The use of certain ratios of animal and plant foods ensures optimum protein nutrition for the mutual supplement their amino acid composition.
grain protein content in food products is 8-13%, and legumes - 22-23%.Protein digestibility of plant food is within 70-85% (depending on product type and nature of the processing).
source of calories in the human diet are mainly foods rich in carbohydrates and fats.For a long time it was thought that the main sources of carbohydrates - sugar and sweets.However, still a major amount of carbohydrates (and calories) provide bread products which contain 60-70% carbohydrates and their digestibility reaches 94-96%.
By grain products - breads, cereals, pasta - provides more than half of the daily caloric intake.An important source of calories, of course, can be regarded as sugar and sugary foods - candy, chocolate, jam, etc.
However, the high level of bread and sugary foods in the diet is justified only for those who are experiencing a systematic exercise..
People of intellectual labor, leading a sedentary, physically laden lifestyle, these products in large quantities is not useful, it is necessary to restrict their use.
significant suppliers calories - foods rich in fat, which give more calories than carbohydrates or protein (1 gram of fat provides 9 calories and 1 gram of protein - 4 calories, 1 gram of carbohydrates - about 4 kcal).
Biologically active substances normalize metabolism and fulfill regulatory and other subtle features in the functioning of the body systems.These are vitamins, enzymes, and other mikrobioelementy.
Again, all the food in some degree are the sources of biologically valuable substances.
However, some products are presented at the most.This includes a lot of vegetables, fruits and berries.They provide the human body with vitamin C and P-active substances, as well as carotene, pantothenic and folic acid, inositol, normalizes metabolism and function of the life support systems of the body (central, cardiovascular, endocrine and other systems).
Vegetables, fruits, berries, in addition, as already mentioned, are a valuable source of fiber, organic acids and mineral alkaline nature, which is especially important for people of mature and elderly.
For one of the most valuable are lipotropic substances that have anti-atherosclerotic properties.
This, for example, the following:
1. Choline - vitamin-like substance, a constant component of lecithin.
2. Methionine - sulfur containing amino acid milk protein (a lot of methionine in cheese and meat).
3. Vitamin E - an antioxidant expressed by normalizing the intracellular oxidation of fat, and thus, to maintain a normal life and function of cells, plays an important role in the prevention of atherosclerosis.
4. Vitamin A (especially in conjunction with Vitamin E), prevents the development of disorders in the vascular wall in atherosclerosis.
5. The vitamins of group B, particularly vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (lactoflavin or riboflavin), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), and pantothenic acid.
6. Inositol, widely represented in vegetables and dairy products.
7. Phytosterol - sterol occurring in plant organisms, which in animals and humans corresponds cholesterol.
can have quite rightly set and identify foods that content truly medicinal substances help protect arteries and prevent the development of atherosclerosis.
Milk and vegetables contain the greatest number of the factors that contribute to the prevention of atherosclerosis.Along with fruits and whole grains are more likely contribute to the normalization of the arterial walls.This vessels acquire enhanced natural resistance to degenerative lesions.
addition, it should be noted that the products of the white flour, sugar, refined oils and fats do not contain (or contain very little) protective agents against the formation of vascular changes characteristic of atherosclerosis.
Since these products are an essential part of the modern diet of most people, as opposed to they need to enter large amounts of protective foods, which include primarily milk, vegetables and fruits.
known that if the intake of fat does not exceed a certain level and diet contains natural lecithin sources, as well as essential fatty acids (eg, whole grain products, whole soybeans, soy lecithin), then there is no any increase in cholesterol content in blood serum.
Thus, the obtained data on the favorable influence of the diet on a full general metabolism of fat (including cholesterol).
The possibility and the need to maintain high biological activity (including those due to the inclusion in the diet of eggs) diet of people of all ages (including the elderly).
Numerous studies confirm the important role and value of biologically active substances in the maintenance of an optimal state of the internal environment of the organism, its high resistance to many diseases.
Honey and its derivatives
Honey heads a group of particularly active food.Since it is difficult to compare any other food product, both the number of the components, and biological properties.Even actively expressed biologically products such as sea buckthorn, lemongrass, Siberian ginseng, for multilateralism biological and therapeutic action of honey yield.
distinctive feature of the honey is precisely the diversity of its biological action and diversity of medicinal properties.Honey - is first and foremost an unrivaled normalizer many primary disorders and disorders of health of the organism and its separate systems.
honey as a medicine used in ancient times.Even the Egyptians used it for healing wounds.
as medical drugs used by the ancient Greeks.In ancient China, honey has long been sold in pharmacies on a par with medicines.
With the deepening of the study of the biological and therapeutic properties of honey, scientists have come to the conclusion that he, as well as sea buckthorn (and possibly, like garlic and horseradish), can be attributed to medical facilities.
well known value of honey is widely used in folk medicine in the treatment of colds.No less well known and has received honey as a mild laxative.Daily use of honey (50-100 g) acts governing the way the intestinal administration.
Honey has long referred to the unrivaled tonic and tonic for the different nature of exhaustion, weakening recovering from illness and other forms of recovery of various body functions.
exceptionally large role in honey fatigue.There is evidence of a favorable effect of it when neuropsychiatric overload and stressful conditions.Known successful use of honey for treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer and gastritis, and other diseases of the digestive system.
Honey is very effective in diseases of the liver and normalize metabolism.
If you collect all the available information about the beneficial properties of honey, it will become even more apparent its high value not only as food but also as a great health food funds in the fight against many diseases.
today identified some specific ways the medical use of honey, based on his property, enriched with the substances contained in the nectar collected by bees If the additional forage (in sugar solution) to add a certain amount of a drug affinity, his bees during processingcan be transferred to honey.Thus an opportunity to give targeted therapeutic properties of honey (for example, for the treatment of cardiovascular disease).
Now a few words about the properties of honey as a food product.
honey - the nectar of flowers, bees processed into food.The most valuable species of flower honey blond -. Linden, acacia flower, etc.
From the dark types of honey most common buckwheat collected from buckwheat flowers.With a lack of nectar of flowers the bees produce honey from honeydew Medyanaya dew collected from the leaves of trees (oak, birch, maple, poplar, linden).Pine honey differs unpleasant taste and less nutritional value.
The main component of honey - invert sugar (mixture of glucose and fructose) content in honey reaches 69%.The high content of invert sugar makes the honey one of the most easily digestible food.
Despite the many positive food and biological properties of honey (because of its high calorie content), abundant, unlimited consumption of honey is recommended can not be.Honey can be used daily in the same amounts as the sugar (60-100 g per day).When overweight and low physical effort honey, as well as sugar to be profitable.
important ingredients of honey are organic acids (lactic, malic, citric, oxalic) and enzymes (diastase, kata-manhole, invertase, lipase, phosphatase).
Medicinal properties of honey attract attention.Among the population there is an idea of the inexhaustible, including those yet to be discovered, its medicinal properties.Of particular interest are substances associated with honey and related to him.We are talking about apilak, propolis and pollen, which no doubt have a high biological activity and multilateral healing properties.
Apilak or royal jelly is the secret allotroficheskih glands of worker bees.It has a versatile medicinal properties, which is based on toning and antispastic effect.Influenced apilaka increases the overall tone organism, normalizes blood pressure, delayed the development of atherosclerosis, lower cholesterol while increasing its content in the blood.Apilak has a regulating effect on the metabolism (especially in fat and cholesterol).
Apilak used to treat various forms of anemia (anemia).Under the influence of this treatment increases the content of iron in the blood, increasing the quality and amount of hemoglobin.
successfully royal jelly is applied for the treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, it reduces pain and accelerates the healing of ulcers.
Wide application found apilak in psychiatry in the treatment of mental disorders (schizophrenia, for example).When under the influence of depression apilaka animated oppressed emotional-volitional manifestations, normal neuro-psychological condition, mood improves.
Apilak applies to geriatric facilities.It has a toning, anti-aging effect on the people in old age.Thus, in its therapeutic action of royal jelly can be attributed to a pronounced biological stimulants.
apilaka Biological effects due to the high content in its composition a number of different active substances, including folic acid and other B vitamins), hormone-like substances, gamma globulin, etc. Apilak produced medical industry.It should be used for one tablet three times per day (under the tongue) for two to three weeks.
widely used royal jelly mixed with honey at neuropsychiatric overload, nervousness, irritability, stress conditions, with an overall fatigue, asthenia, insomnia, anemia, premature aging, in patients with lesions of the liver, gout, and others.
Propolis, orbee glue, has antimicrobial, "kleeobrazuyuschimi" properties.With the help of bees close up the gap existing in the hive.With the penetration of the hive animals (mice, snakes, and others.) Bees kill them.Unable to remove the dead bodies from the hive, they leave them there forever, pre-coated layer of propolis.This bricked "sarcophagus" dead animals lie for a long time (several years) without decomposition.
main value of propolis as a remedy lies in its antimicrobial properties - the ability to stop the activity of microorganisms, fungi, and bacteria, putrid, purulent (staphylococci, streptococci), as well as tuberculosis mycobacteria.
propolis may be related to health products having antimicrobial activity, exhibiting therapeutic effect in many skin disorders (acne, eczema, boils), burns, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, pulmonary tuberculosis, gynecological diseases, inflammatory, hemorrhoids, etc..
propolis is used for medicinal purposes in the form of a 10-, 15-, 20-, 30-, and 40% -s' ointment for external use in the form of oil propolis (propolis butter for internal use).
Propolis ointment prepared on petrolatum or lanolin with lemon or fish oil.This fat base is brought to a boil in an enamel pot.In the boiling oil add chopped propolis in an amount corresponding to a predetermined percentage of the resulting ointment (for example, 10% ointment - 100 grams of fat 10 grams of propolis).
After adding fat propolis hot mixture is stirred continuously for 30 min, then filtered through a layer of cheesecloth and poured into jars.Propolis ointment obtained is very stable and can retain their therapeutic properties without reducing within a few years.Keep Propolis ointment, however, it is better to cool the tempo (in any case not in direct sunlight).
Prololisnoe oil (propolis butter) is prepared in the same manner as the propolis ointment.Take 1 kg of butter, put it, and enameled saucepan and heat to boiling.After boiling, heating is stopped and hot butter chopped propolis introduced in an amount corresponding to a predetermined concentration (at 10% concentration - 100 g of propolis, while the 15% - 150 g per 1 kg of propolis hot butter).
hot mixture of propolis and butter for half an hour continuously stir thoroughly to evenly distribute and extracting propolis in oil.Take propolisnoe oil to promote healing of gastric and duodenal ulcers by 10-15 grams (a teaspoon) for 1-1.5 hours before a meal, coupled with a strict implementation of the anti-ulcer, sparing diet.The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks.
Flower pollen is not a product of bees life.However, it is inextricably linked with honey because the bees collect the nectar of flowers, and at the same time collect pollen.Flowers and leaves of many plants are covered with pollen grains, having nutritional, biological and medical properties.Especially a lot of pollen give oaks, elms, and many other trees.