Useful and therapeutic properties of strokes
physiological effects.Stroking has a significant effect on the central and peripheral nervous system, skin and lymph circulation.
With slow soft performance of reception decreases the excitability of the nervous system, that is, it gives a pronounced calming effect.This character strokes allows you to remove or reduce pain with injuries and diseases of the neuromuscular system.The rapid and vigorous stroking helps to improve the tone of some of the central nervous system.
Stroking accelerates the flow of lymph, more than any other appointment.This is due to conduct only during stroking large lymph vessels.
Influence stroking the skin is to ensure that it is cleared of dead cells, dust particles and microbes, open ducts of sweat and sebaceous glands, improves their activity and skin respiration, increases blood circulation and nutrition of the skin (it becomes softer and more elastic), increased local temperature.
Species reception: 1) stroking of the palmar surface of the hand;2) brush stroking t
performance technique. Stroking the palm of the hand is a fairly simple and at the same time the most commonly used methods.
Palm surface masseuse relaxed brush should fit snugly and evenly massaged into the skin.The density and uniformity of fit ensured closeness fingers II-V, otherwise, have massed there are unpleasant sensations.I finger is on the opposite side of the massaged area.Lead I finger the rest is always applied in those areas where this is possible, allowing to embrace all the massaged area, and movement of the masseur makes economical (Fig. 5a).
Hand slides freely on the skin without causing discomfort and pain.When stroking limb pressure force increases from the distal end of the muscle to its
middle and weakens as it approaches its proxy mile site (Fig. 5b).
masseur's hands should be relaxed and soft enough to slide slowly and mainly in the direction of lymph flow, that is, to the lymph nodes massaged area.Thereafter masseur brush back to its original position (Fig. 5c).The rate of advancement massaging brush, such as the hip region, the average is 2.
Features of the species receiving depending on the massaged area the following:
When stroking with one hand other hand masseur can maintain or fix the massaged area of the body that promotes better muscle relaxation and is sometimes used in order to rest for another hand (Figure 6.).
Fig.5. Stroking the palmar surface of the hand in the area of the lower leg, and - initial phase;b - middle phase;in - final phase.
Fig.6. stroking with one hand in the lower leg, the second arm supports the massaged area.
Fig.7. Stroking the palms of both hands in the buttocks.The left hand stroking the near, right - far from the area of the masseur.
When stroking with both hands masseur brush overlap one another so that the distal arm of the masseur with respect to the massaged area was near the front.For example, on the back surface of the right foot should be in front of the right hand of the masseur, on the left - the left, or inconvenient to perform reception.This species is often used when stroking across the back of the leg.At the back, neck, chest, buttocks, one hand stroking the near, the other - far from masseur area (Figure 7.).
In alternate stroking also work with both hands of the masseur, but alternately, that is, one hand still does not stop the movement, the other is already beginning to it (Fig. 8).Thus, one arm massage therapist always has contact with the massaged area (this technique is often used).
When zigzag brush stroking masseur makes quick and easy zigzag movement.I finger can link up with the rest.Feeling the heat from massaged depends on the pressure force.
When stroking with great pressure (weights), which is called squeezing, the palm of one hand is superimposed on the massaged area and compounded with the other hand (Fig. 9).The rate of movement slower as compared to other varieties of reception strokes.Squeezing is done with one hand, two hands as when stroking, but with much greater pressure on the massaged area.Sometimes small muscles squeezing made a part of the brush (the rise of the finger base of the palm, and so on. N.).
Fig.8. Alternating stroke in the lower leg.The left hand of the masseur has been movement and returns to the initial phase;right - starts moving.
Fig.9. Squeezing far from the back of the masseur.The left hand increases the pressure right hand massaging.
Fig.10. The circular stroking in the knee joint, and - the first phase;b - second phase.
When circular stroking, that runs on joints, masseur's hands grasping the joint, and each of them alternately produces circular stroking movements in their favor.On the small joints of the reception can be performed with one hand (Fig. 10).
main errors in the performance of all types of strokes palmar surface of the hand, are as follows:
1) masseur hard brush and a lot of pressure when stroking, causing an unpleasant sensation or pain;
2) Pinch (II-V), which leads to uneven pressure on the massaged area and discomfort;
3) gapping the palmar surface of the hand of the masseur massaged to the body surface, which reduces the effectiveness of the reception;
4) irregular or very fast paced strokes;
5) of the skin instead of the shift of her slip.
Stroking the back surface of the brush is different from the previous use of the fact that massaging the area is the entire dorsum of the hand or only the surface of the second phalanges II-V fingers.In the latter case, these half clasping the fingers into a fist, and I is adjacent to II.
Stroking the back surface of the middle phalanges performed one or both hands alternately.It is used frequently during a massage the following areas: paravertebral (spine), the outer surface of the femur and tibia, the surface of the palms and soles (Figure 11.).
In pediatric practice, as well as massage of the abdomen on the course of the colon is used stroking the entire back surface of the brush ( "ironing" - Fig. 12).
Fig.11. Stroking the back surface of the middle phalanges in the sole second hand masseur supports the foot.
Fig.12. Alternate stroking the entire back surface of the brush (ironing) in the back.
Fig.13. Stroking I fingers together with their elevations in the calcaneal tendon
Technique and basic mistakes in the performance of this technique is fundamentally the same as when stroking the palmar surface of the hand.
Stroking fingers is mainly used for massage of fingers, hands, feet and small-muscle volume, as well as in the cosmetic and segmental massage.Running one or more fingers, the rise of the thumb (Fig. 13).
Technical implementation of this technique is not fundamentally different from the palmar surface of the brush strokes, basic errors are identical.