The depth of respiration
People have long intuitively understood the importance of shallow breathing.Get at least the traditional tight swaddling infants, common in many nations.After all, in essence - it is something other than the unconscious accustoming children to the "easy" breathing protection from many diseases which can develop into adulthood.Respiratory gymnastics belongs to the leading place in the folk medicine of many peoples of the world.
So, the essence of the method: reducing the depth of breathing
way, often the question arises - and how it fits in with the breathing exercises of yoga?After all, there are many exercises are based just on deep breathing.
Buteyko method is not contrary to yoga.We often use yoga properly.The best-known and properly interpreted by the exercise of yoga is a full breath: slow deep breath - delay - smooth slow exhale.And they say that's the same, deep breathing.No.When there is a long deep breath, an overpressure in the lungs, oxygen enters the blood.And, apparently, inevitable drop
Now, a closer look at the method of "shallow breathing".
disease include deep breathing:
1. Bronchial asthma, asthmatic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension (heart disease).
2. Hypertensive heart disease, angina pectoris, cerebrovascular accident, occlusive disease, Reimo's disease, senile diabetes, chronic nephritis (renal vascular sclerosis), multiple sclerosis of cerebral vessels.
3. The outcome of these diseases - multiple sclerosis of individual organs, ending respectively cerebral infarction, myocardial infarction.
leading in all of these diseases are:
1. Improving the tone of smooth muscles and its spasms.
2. The end result of all of these diseases - tissue hypoxia.
Consequently, these diseases are the result of narusheniya tissue respiration.They account for approximately 70-80% of all diseases of the blood pressure.These are the constants of the disease.
It can be concluded that the disease - it is a shift of vital constants beyond the physiological norm.The more important constant, the more accurate it supports the body at a constant level.The purpose of the system of external respiration maintain the proper level of O2 and CO2 in the alveoli.
What is constant is important for the body: O2 or CO2?In the air, 21% O2.If the amount of O2 reduced to 15% or up to 80% increase, the body is virtually unresponsive.If you change the amount of CO2 by 0.1% in one direction or another, the body immediately notices this and tries to return to normal CO2.
Consequently, CO2 60-80 times more important for the body The O2 and the respiratory function can be determined by the level of CO2 in the alveoli.Poor lung function leads to an increase in CO2 in the alveoli, and the excess function - to reduce it.
a healthy person, the amount of external breathing - 5 liters, and in asthmatics - 10-15 liters.Thus, an asthmatic respiration is not weakened, as we write, and strengthened.Bronchial asthma - a protective reaction of the organism to increased respiration reaction that seeks to keep the C02 at the level of 6.5%, while, as in the C02 is asthmatic, 4-4.5%.
symptoms of hyperventilation:
1. overexcitation nervous system, expressed in irritability, temper, unreasonable fear.
2. vegetative disturbances - sweating, weakness, seizures, symptoms of diencephalic.
3. Depletion of obesity or associated with dysregulation of lipid and other exchanges.
Bse that the patient was associated with hyperventilation, breathing in the normalization method VIEW (volitional normalization; breathing) first acute and then disappears (thin full fattening lose weight, etc...).Smart willed people heal.
bronchospasm symptoms - feeling of pressure in the chest: chronic bronchitis, frequent colds, diseases, etc.Hyperventilation - a kind of air gluttony.Asthmatics breath has no breaks (no automatic delay exhalation), they have a deep breath alternates with a fast exhale, this is accompanied by the removal of CO2 from the body, the CO2 content falls below the norm (6.5%), and the bronchial smooth muscle feels declineCO2 even at 0.5%, it is trying to slow down the removal of CO2 - there is another asthma attack.
Normal breathing healthy person - a slow shallow breath (2-3 seconds), slow exhalation (3 to 4 seconds) and then pause (3-4 seconds), during which the lungs rest after exhalation.All attention should be paid to reducing the depth of inhalation and increasing the pause after exhalation.In addition, it is necessary to conduct periodic maximum breath.The more there will be delays (especially when an asthma attack), the better.Asthmatics are recommended to hold your 5 minutes, high blood pressure after 15 minutes.Initially, a small length of the delay to 10 seconds, then the duration increases.In a healthy person, it comes to a minute or more.To begin with it is necessary to exercise 5-8 hours 1 day with breaks for 1-1.5 hours.
breath is done only after an exhalation.
During the training you need to make sure that the breath was shallow, t. E. Part to the chest does not rise, and at all times had the feeling of lack of air.
When conducting breath holding, it is desirable to close the nose, and after a delay of breath doing little.Women can do grace and men to tighten their belt.If the attacks happen at night, about an hour before the attack you need to get up and carry out breathing exercises.Morning training is conducted again.In attacks every 3-4 breaths is the maximum delay on the exhale.(Without great effort).Holding your breath quickly removes attack.
recovery reaction (the breaking of the disease)
Any disease begins jumps as crises.For example, bronchial asthma (although it is prepared over the years), hypertension, angina, and so on.. Sometimes hyperventilation symptoms begin from childhood (spazmofiliya, diathesis, pneumonia, whooping cough, croup, and so skin. D.).The disease begins with the crisis and must end with a crisis of Asthma breaks asthma attack, angina - an attack of angina pectoris, hypertension - a jump A / D and so on delay and respiratory rate -.. Two indicators that determine the disease, and they must be constantly monitored.The state of health of the patient has nothing to do with it.During the break-in asthma attacks lighter and shorter, and a large amount of sputum, angina during the break-up instead of aching pain in the heart appears a burning sensation behind the breastbone.Before breaking the patient feels as if the resistance (to train unpleasant breath, disgust, fear), shorter delay, breathing becomes more frequent, several indicators are deteriorating.
Common withdrawal symptoms: insomnia, headache, nausea, vomiting, aversion to food, weakness, lethargy, pain in the calf muscles, chest, sides of the neck, tinnitus, pulsating, violation of a chair - a liquid and even with slime -2 weeks.
Asthmatics enhanced cough with abundant purulent cork.The pain of a different nature of all parts of the body, kidney and liver pain, frequent urination, cramps, thirst, salivation.There may be - pruritus, urticaria, angioedema.Reduces swelling, reduces weight, pain in the gums, sockets, pain in the palms, soles.Bleeding from the gums, nose, increased menstruation.
blood in the sputum (patients in a month), tearfulness, temperatures up to 40 ° C.Most asthmatics - chills.
Chair - black, is changing the intestinal capillary networks.Increased A / D, especially in coronary patients, who had hidden hypertension.Aggravation of these phenomena indicate that these phenomena are caused by deep breathing.
All old fractures begin to hurt badly.Breaking may start a day from the start of classes, or a month.
breaking time depends on the severity and duration of the disease, and how the patient was doing.Symptoms of withdrawal appear necessarily at the same time.That lasted for years disappears days.If the patient to change the situation or place of residence, the break-up could happen again.Therefore, it is desirable to stay in one place during the year (breaking the cycle).After the break-up of the disease the patient's condition improved immediately.During withdrawal may be given drugs but at half dose.Avoid ACTH and protein drugs if the patient was on hormones, the period of withdrawal may be given corticosteroid hormones, heart medications cores are low power.
When aversion to food does not have to forget, it is undesirable to use food (milk), fish, and chicken broth.
not swallow saliva, rinse your mouth with plain water.fluid intake is not restricted.Avoid mineral water.In obese patients to maintain a hunger strike to limit the sugar.It is advisable to apply the product in poorly thoroughly boiled form.Within a month it is the power to expand.During the break-up of the disease is required to continue breathing exercises, or break-up will be delayed and may turn into a relapse.Seriously ill if there is liver failure, give potassium chloride (0.5 g three times a day), table salt reduced to 5 g Giving products with phosphorus (millet, buckwheat).Breathing exercises before going to bed to do on my stomach.
morning necessarily make delay of breath - test yourself (as life).If the delay is shortened, it means approaching the disease.
World delay record - 5 min.The sperm whale - 150 min.Yoga - 30 min.But this is a sport, not normal breathing.
for recurring pneumonia defensive reaction - asthma, pneumonia but stops and cause asthma attacks deep breathing and lead to cardiopulmonary failure.When cardiopulmonary diseases asthma attacks stopped (protective syndrome save C02), but it was too late, the case goes to death, but not from asthma and from cardiopulmonary diseases.If
morning delay increases, the number of hours of training in a month can be reduced to 2 hours -one hour - in the morning and one hour in the evening.
1st threshold - 30-40 seconds, during which the blood from the lungs pass a small circle and part of a large circle and reach the tissues.If this threshold is passed, the delay of 50-60 seconds, will be easy.
2nd barrier - 70 seconds, in during which the blood passes all big circle and returns to the lungs.It is also difficult to cross.
Subsequent barriers after 50 seconds.
third barrier - 120 seconds.
4th barrier - 180 seconds.
5th barrier - 240 seconds.
6th barrier -.. 600 sec, etc.
Earth was born about 4.5 billion years ago, when there was no atmosphere.And then began the sublimation gases (degassing) and volatile elements on the surface of the Earth (nitrogen, hydrogen, carbon).
This degassing process is still ongoing.While CO2 in air was not.
About 2 billion years ago began to appear the first life, anoxic or anaerobic life.Such a life is now.Processes anaerobiki lasted 1 billion years in an environment where there was a lot of CO2, but there was no oxygen.Appeared terrestrial organic matter (algae) have been providing O2 as the garbage of their existence, as a result of the Earth's atmosphere began to collect oxygen.The oxygen level in the atmosphere began to rise, and CO2 levels - to decline.Currently, O2 rate is 21%, and CO2 levels - 0.03%.
When the content 02 in the air and in the water was 1%, and CO2 - 7%, has begun to emerge a living cell.She began to absorb oxygen from the air and give off carbon dioxide (plants do the opposite).As a result, the balance in the atmosphere occurred, and in the world, a new process - aerobic respiration phase or oxygen breathing.The air around us contains 250 times less carbon dioxide than is necessary.
Therefore we ambient air, if it is to breathe in deeply, it becomes toxic to our cells.We saved a protective barrier - the skin - tight gas, and bronchi, with a leathery appearance.However, increased breathing brings us closer to death.
The biological role of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Oxygen came into our lives later, it is necessary for oxidation processes in order to meet the body's energy nodes.
If the tissues to reduce the level of oxygen, they do not die, and the decrease in the content of carbon dioxide leads to paralysis.Carbon dioxide in the body is regulated by the respiratory system, the vasomotor center, its content is due to metabolic processes.Blood pH is regulated content of carbon dioxide (an important factor).If you breathe clean air, the lung appears - itirotitsialnaya pneumonia.In the mountains, less oxygen, so there is usually treated asthmatics.Probably enough for asthmatics 15% oxygen, rather than 21% as well as in the atmosphere.
All nine months of intrauterine life of the fetus of oxygen in the blood is contained in three times less than in the blood of an adult.They say, the fruit of a cyanotic.This is the normal oxygen content in fetal blood provides a full development of tissues.
large oxygen content leads to tissue destruction.The arterial blood adult 97% oxygen, and venous blood - 70% fetal - 30% oxygen.respiratory system is connected to the circulatory system is already in the third stage of evolution.These two systems have emerged to ensure proper metabolism in the body to determine the level of carbon dioxide and oxygen.The content of carbon dioxide in the alveoli is regulated with an accuracy of 0.1%.The oxygen content can be changed and at the same time nothing significant happens.About CO2 importance in the regulation of respiration system can be judged by Anokhina concept.The entire respiratory system is regulated by CO2.The most important constant in the regulation of respiration system is CO2.When deep breathing is removed from the body of CO2 and develops major damage to vital organs.To prevent this, the body produces defense mechanism (adaptation) from the weathering of CO2.
1. polyps on nasal mucosa do not allow deep breathing.
2. allergic vasomotor rhinitis.
critical level of CO2 in the alveoli of 4.75%, if the level is too low, then there comes a bronchospasm.In the fortified period CO2 in the alveoli - 4.75%.Bronchospasm somewhat CO2 increases, but it does not normalize.Bronchial tone is an important factor in the regulation of the alveoli.
bronchial smooth musculature regulates breathing.Anokhina concept is as follows: If the CO2 content is close to the norm, then it further regulation in the body carried by the respiratory center, if the CO2 content is reduced, the connected alarm system - bronchospasm.The level of CO2 affects the muscles of the bronchi in 20 seconds.Uneven ventilation alveoli gives a picture of wandering wheezing.If the bronchi, which feeds the alveoli, spasm, the air breaks the alveoli and get spontaneous pneumothorax.The patient with bronchospasm bronchus lumen decreases bronchospasm occurs not only, but also damage to the lung tissue - fibrosis.
In the process of life is changing the composition of cells.Only nerve cell does not change, the enzyme regulates the absorption of the resulting scarring of the tissues.
protection from weathering of CO2 (continued)
5. As a result of fibrosis decreases the permeability of the cell membrane, making it difficult to weathering CO2.
6. pulmonary vessels during hyperinflation in the patient narrowed.Zagrubevayut alveoli and capillaries, which are previously washed in blood, and now the blood goes to the small circle of passing the alveoli.Develops damage lung tissue, protected from hyperventilation.
7. Functional, it is associated with the function of the pulmonary vessels.Develops pulmonary hyperventilation, there is a spasm of the arteries, increases the A / D and a small circle of blood has dropped more in a small circle, as a result there are functional Munt and the blood flowing through it, is not ventilated.