Location and purpose of some points of the ear
on the international classification, on the surface of the ear is located at the points that make up the 18 zones.Furthermore, additionally defined points 60 on the front part (8) and ground (42) on the rear surface of the pinna.
Normally the ear skin is painless, and the point does not appear.In other words, a healthy person these points, as it were latent, but acute diseases are painful on pressure, and chronic diseases the skin over the corresponding points is changed (more often in the sequence: redness, appearance of bumps, stains or peeling, formation of nodules, ulcers andscarring).Points for diseases have lower DC resistance and higher electrical potential.When recovery pathophysiological properties of the dots disappear and they become latent again.
Thus, the point on the auricle can be used not only for treatment but also for diagnosis of diseases.Therefore, auricular acupuncture techniques can be divided into auriculodiagnostics (identifying points of the ear that reflect one or another path
In the first case, in addition to medical history, clinical studies, and visual inspection, search for points with altered sensitivity by special probe or instrument.For the therapeutic effect of short needles are used or pointed tips.
In the practice of massage is not advisable to talk about points, but their band projection.The fact that it is difficult and often impossible to massage the finger one point, as the area it on the ear does not exceed 1-2 mm 2, and a lot of them spoke about the dense representation on a small surface.
Fig.84 circles indicate different areas.Zone 1 on the earlobe - a cervical plexus innervation (C2-C3).Zone 2 and 11 belong to the somatosensory representation of the upper and lower extremities.Zone 2 is the projection of the neck to the occiput, 3 - arm, shoulder joint, the shoulder area and five upper ribs.Zone 4 belongs to the forearm and the elbow joint, which moves in the hands and fingers (5 and 6).Functional differentiation of the foot zone is less pronounced than the brush, so stop combined with the zones of the fingers and ankle joint (7).The following area of the knee and lower leg (8), then the thigh area, hip, buttock, pubic region (9), lumbosacral and related abdomen (10), and finally the upper lumbar region and epigastrium (11).
Fig.84. Driving zones projections somatic sensitivity of certain areas of the body.
All somatosensory area relate not only to the sensitivity of the skin, but also to the deeper tissues - muscle, joint and bone.However, all these areas have nothing to do with radicular pain (radiculitis), and therefore it is necessary to work not only on them when osteochondrosis, but certainly in the corresponding spinal segments.
Fig.85 indicated auricular projection spinal and neural stem structures of the central nervous system: 1 - cervical, 2 - thoracic, 3 - abdominal (solar), 4 - lower abdominal, 5 - pelvic sympathetic ganglia.The segments of the spinal cord and the roots are placed in antihelix: C - neck T - chest, of L - lumbar and the S - sacral vertebrae of the spine.
Additionally the figure shows the area of the thalamus and the point of Shen-men.In the thalamus area shows a system impact on the overall sensitivity, so you need to use this area for the treatment of pain syndromes.In addition, effects on thalamic zone is advantageously carried out in the treatment of insomnia.Massage therapist to teach the patient to massage the specified area in addition to the special corporal points (see. Next section).
Fig.85. The scheme of the projections of individual structures of the central nervous system.
popular anti-stress point of Shen-men, located in the corner of the triangular fossa, is widely used to remove excess excitation psycho-emotional sphere of a person with simultaneous massage of the ear lobe region, where there are areas of the limbic system, frontal lobe, motor cortex and somatovistseralnoy.