Types of mud
Mud therapy - the use of therapeutic purposes mud of various origins, as well as gryazepodobnyh substances.Therapeutic mud scientifically called peloids, and the science of treating mud - peloterapiey (from the Greek pelos -. «Dirt, clay" and therapeia - «treatment»).Mud has a long history.Since time immemorial, the ancient civilizations of Europe Aesculapius prescribed to their patients mud treatments, ancient Egyptians smeared body of muddy substances Nile mineralized sediments of water bodies used by the ancient Romans and Greeks.Equally popular mud baths were in the East - with their help were treated in ancient India and China.
became especially popular in the XIX century in Russia mud therapy., That since mud baths Crimea and the Caucasus began to visit a large number of patients and only care about their health.
Till our times survived recipes Tibetan healers who recommended to rub the sore spots with mud.
healing clay is formed under certain conditions, which are created by nature itself, and
Since the release of the surface of the mud is a fluid creamy mass which is desirable to be used immediately, because as part of its evaporation often loses many medicinal substances.However, in recent years thanks to technological improvements drying processes have been actively used and dry mud.
Dirt various types differ significantly from each other in terms of education, the starting material and chemical composition.
Depending on the physical and chemical properties identify several types of therapeutic muds : silt sulfide, peat, sapropel and knoll.
Silt sulphide mud, the formation of which is centuries old, it is found in the form of sediment marine, coastal and inland water bodies.Gryazeobrazovatelny process is closely connected with the life of macro- and micro-organisms, which results in the accumulation of various organic substances.Silt mud is doughy or greasy black mass with a smell of rotten eggs.It consists of tiny clay particles and products of chemical reactions, a significant amount of colloids, mineral salts, iodine, bromine, boron, zinc, copper, lithium, manganese, potassium, calcium and other organic substances of plant and animal origin.Microorganisms,
using as energy source the organic substance in the absence of oxygen to hydrogen sulfide is converted to sulfates.Entering the compound with water-soluble iron salts or clays, iron sulfide forms hydrogen sulfide, which imparts a black color dirt.
addition of hydrogen sulfide in silt mud contains other gases -. Carbon dioxide, methane and other Silt mud has a pronounced antibacterial properties, and higher salinity of the pond, the more inhibited the growth of pathogenic organisms.
Colloids give dirt a high water-holding capacity, due to which it has properties of plasticity, viscosity and high thermal properties.
Dries black crude silt mud is changed to gray.
Peat mud - bog deposits resulting from long-term plant expansion, which occurs without air, but with the participation of microorganisms.Peat mud formed as if the difficult stock precipitation, leading to waterlogging and overgrown lakes.
value of such dirt depends on the degree of decomposition of plant materials: the better the expansion, the greater the therapeutic properties of the mud.It is a dark brown or brownish-gray plastic, unpleasant-smelling mass, which when compressed in a fist easily slips between the fingers.It has a high water-holding capacity, its humidity may exceed 90%.The presence in the composition of peat sulfates, hydrogen sulfide and other substances due to the fact that peat absorbs water as the soil, as well as those that occur near the mineral springs - ferrous, salt, sulfide, or radioactive.Consequently, the minerals contained in these waters, and enrich retained peat mass.
Torfoterapiya - the use of peat for therapeutic purposes - is a special kind of mud.Most doctors believe that treatment peat mud tolerated by patients easier than silt.Advantages torfoterapii that differs peat mud significant organic content, lower heat conductivity, high heat capacity, a higher optimum temperature.For peat treatment should use a high degree of decomposition of peat, which corresponds to sanitary and hygienic requirements (heated to 42-55 ° C).
Sapropel - brownish-gray silty sediments formed at the bottom of freshwater, where the mud of organic origin.Sapropel differs from silt mud high moisture content (water-holding capacity of up to 97%), lower plasticity, a more liquid consistency.Sapropel contains large amounts of organic matter.Its structure also includes carbohydrates, asphalts, fatty acids, amino acids, salts and many trace elements -. Silicon, phosphorus, potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, copper, sodium, etc. Also sapropel therapeutic mud detected fungi antiseptics, hormonotherapy andantibiotikopodobnye, vitamins, enzymes and others.
In medical physiotherapy use the upper (1-2 meter) accumulating sapropel for applications and baths.
Hill mud - semi-clay formation that occur after volcanic knoll.This type occurs typically in gas -neftenosnyh regions.In the formation of a large knoll mud role belongs to the bacteria, which are found in the waters neftemestorozhdeny and marine muds.Since knoll mud come to the surface due to the large pressure in the subsurface aquifers, then as you move to the surface, they are enriched with a variety of micro-and macro-elements, such as manganese, strontium, lithium, barium and others. Sopochnaya mud solution also contains large amounts of iodine, boronand bromine.It was found in it a variety of physiological groups of microbes and traces of organic matter.
Use knoll mud applications and for medicinal baths.