Banya (sauna) is of great importance in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.The main active factors in the bath are the heat and humidity.There is no doubt that the main of them is the heat transfer body which is independent of body position (standing, sitting or lying down).When upright heat transfer body to the legs is considerably smaller than the head, as the air temperature in the steam rises from the floor to the ceiling steam.The air is a good insulator, so important is the speed of its flow and humidity.On the surface of the body, a so-called protective sheath air.Of great importance are the condition of subcutaneous fat soaring, joints, skin, as well as the state of blood supply, skin ulceration, joint fibrosis and veno- lymphostasis, the influence of the deformation and movement disorders volume in the joints.
• It was found that most of the heat accumulated by the body in the first phase of your stay in the steam room, so 5-10 minutes is enough to exhibit a positive effect
Although the heat from the skin evaporates fast enough, skin temperature remains still higher than the body temperature of the internal organs.Therefore, the heat is transferred from the skin to the internal organs.This leads to changes in metabolic processes in the body of regulatory mechanisms of hormonal, immune effects.
Persons suffering from rheumatism, is very sensitive to changes in microclimatic conditions that need to be considered when taking bath procedures.First of all, patients with abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system for cooling is better to use a shower from the neck downwards.Rheumatism can not take bath in full procedure.Upon cooling, they may have adverse reactions due to increased sensitivity to cold, so the cooling after the sauna should be performed with caution.Particular caution while taking bath procedures must comply with patients taking corticosteroids (including with intraarticular injection), as these patients reduced reactivity of the adrenal glands.Such patients have access to the bath, not earlier than 3-4 weeks after discontinuation of these drugs (in order to avoid adverse reactions, including life-threatening).
patients with rheumatism relatively often marked by swelling of the subcutaneous fat layer of the legs, which is probably associated with decreased circulating intercellular
accurate fluid.Therefore rheumatic must develop an individual plan for yourself stay in the bath, taking into account the state of the organism and the severity of the disease.
Contrasting temperature effects on the body in the bath, the sauna is usually contribute to the improvement of adaptation, the appearance of the physiological metabolic changes, the restoration of vegetative balance.What kasaetsyaizmeneny metabolic processes occurring in the bath, it is noted that the level of growth hormone, for example, increased to 163%.Steam promotes defensive reactions in various biological systems.However, such reactions are reduced in patients with adrenal insufficiency.After a visit to the bath increased the level of Gist-personnel mine that has a positive effect on the course of extra-articular forms of rheumatism.
According to scientists rheumatologists, positive impact on the baths of patients with pathology of the musculoskeletal system is not in doubt, so it can be used as a preventive method in certain diseases.However, the room at the same time is an additional procedure in the complex treatment of patients with abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system.
bath is recommended as a therapeutic method for diseases of non-inflammatory nature, half of which is a form of extra-articular revmy1 Semitism, that is, soft tissue rheumatism.First of all, it is the pathology of tendons, ligaments and fascia, providing static musculoskeletal system.The dynamic part is composed of muscles which have good blood circulation, high energy needs and metabolism.When through
dimensional loads in them there are significant morphological changes that were previously regarded as rheumatism muscle.Who we came to the conclusion that it is a form of self-pathogen gies resulting from hypoxia due to lack of muscle blood flow during exercise.It is obvious that the best remedy for this disease is to improve the blood circulation of muscles, rather than the use of antirheumatic drugs.In this regard, it is useful sauna, which, by heating, eliminating hypoxia and improve blood flow helps to reduce the morphological changes, especially if the process has not gone away and is completely reversible.
tendons and fascia when excessive loads are also subjected to morphological changes due to hypoxia.The matter is complicated by the fact that they are poorly equipped with fabric vessels and it is slowly occurring metabolic processes.This leads to the fact that the fascia and tendon can not withstand the overload.Given the nature of these processes, it becomes clear that the bath is a good treatment for the affected tendons and fascia.
Banja useful as a treatment for osteoarthritis of the hip and knee joints.It is also an important method of therapy in discopathy in which developing osteoarthritis of the adjacent vertebrae and broken venous blood flow.
bath (sauna) can be assigned to virtually all stages of gout, and should take plenty of fluids.This avoids overloading and kidney stone formation.Increased blood flow when visiting the baths can increase the excretion of uric acid.
Hit and can give a quick and pronounced positive effect in infectious and parain-infectious arthritis, myopathies and muscular fatigue in viral diseases.Pronounced positive effect gives the bath and ankylosing spondylitis, with a progressive polyarthritis, developing inflammatory diseases of joints and spine, in remission or stabilization of the inflammatory process under the influence of drugs.
The trauma is damaged bones and joints with large hemorrhage bath is contraindicated, as it can cause deterioration.In such cases, the bath is appointed in the complex therapy in the rehabilitation stage.Under the influence of the bath decreases swelling, muscle tension, improves blood circulation, reduces spasms, rarely observed persistent residual effects.When visiting the baths is achieved as mental relaxation, eliminates the unpleasant feelings associated with the trauma, restored peace.
Indications for baths (saunas) in diseases of the musculoskeletal system: violation of posture, increased muscle tone (reflex or emotional stress), al-godistrofichesky syndrome after acute disease, extra-articular rheumatism (muscular pathology, ligaments, fascia), stateafter the joints and soft tissue injuries of the musculoskeletal system, after injuries and surgical interventions (3-4 months after surgery);generalized osteoarthritis, deforming arthritis, frozen shoulder, rheumatism, a year after the acute stage (with no signs of biochemical
nomic and organic disorders, mainly on the part of the heart), rheumatoid arthritis in remission, ankylosing spondylitis without signs of inflammatory activity, psoriatic arthritis, goutyarthritis after an exacerbation, metabolic osteopenia, osteoporosis due to the formation of contractures, osteomalacia.
Contraindications: acute diseases of the musculoskeletal system, acute rheumatic disease with evidence of activity of the process, and VARPA-teinemiey, acute compressive radicular syndromes and discopathy at spondylitis, active corticosteroid therapy, acute injury.