The steam conditions the body loses heat to the outside environment through perspiration and evaporation of moisture from the exhaled air.The degree of evaporation from the skin and mucous membranes depends on the temperature: the lower it is, the less the evaporation.In the bath with increasing temperature of the skin sweating increases almost 2 times.
skin moisturized is already at the entrance to the steam room as a result of condensation of steam on it.Sweating also begins at 8-10 minutes in the steam room.And those who are used to the sauna, sweating can begin at 3-4 minutes.
The steam increases the activity of the sweat glands, while the number of active sweat glands in humans is 100 to 1 cm2.
body weight when visiting steam decreases due to sweating, "depending on the length of stay in the steam room, from vozdug temperature
hav her body position (sitting, lying down), the state of the nervous system, water-salt metabolism, sex (according to somescientists, men sweat more than women). individ
significant sweat evaporation occurs when a person's skin temperature reaches 41 ° C. If overheating in the bath (4-5 Attendance doubles) sweating stops almost completely. »
believed that drinking large amounts of fluid before the bath leads to increased perspiration.It turned out that in this case perspiration increases slightly.From a therapeutic point of view to use a lot of moisture before the bath should not be as so only increases the load on the kidneys.The fact that the liquid required for the formation of perspiration, is supplied to the blood vessels, sweat glands, thus increasing blood flow in the skin by mechanical (brush, broom), or reflector (heat footbaths) enhances the effects of perspiration.
When sweating decrease or even disappear as a result of edema fluid from the interstitial transition-foot space in the blood.This also occurs displacement substances from tissues into the blood.Excretion of these substances from the blood is carried out by the liver, kidney and to a lesser extent by the sweat glands.
sweat analysis shows that with the sweat from the body are derived some mineral salts.In 1
sweat contains 2-3 grams of sodium chloride and 0.4-0.8 g of potassium.Eating salty quickly compensates for the loss of sodium chloride, and potassium loss may be compensated by eating vegetables, herbs.The iron content in healthy people sweat reaches 1.6 mg per 1 pot.It was also found that with the sweat excreted displays an increased amount of copper, especially for those suffering from Wilson's disease in which the element is deposited in excess in the tissues.Therefore, bath (sauna) is recommended in such patients as an auxiliary method of therapy.
Patients receiving lithium should not be combined sauna with the use of other drugs that remove excess fluid as lithium sweat is not removed.
sweat from the body is also highlighted: uric acid and lactic acid, amino acids (some amino acids are actively allocated sweat glands).Since then also allocated certain hormones and vitamins.
So, the skin along with the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract is the main body, which affect baths factors - that is, an acceptor and mediator of its impact on the rest of the organs and the whole body.
skin - this is not only the outer shell of the body in contact with the environment, but also high-kodifferentsirovanny body that performs many functions that are important not only for the skin, but also for the whole body.The skin and its appendages are nerve endings, blood and lymph vessels, sweat and sebaceous glands.The skin has a close relationship with other organs and systems.
It is appropriate to consider the function of the skin, which are directly related to the existing baths factors.
protective function of the skin is related to the nature of the anatomical structure of the skin and subcutaneous fat- * Vågå layer with the biochemical structure of the surface and with the exchange, secretory and other features.
The skin protects the body from the effects of the following: mechanical - due to the density and elasticity;physical - thanks to the density, pigmentation and electrical properties;chemical - by density, impenetrability and biochemical properties of the surface (resistance to acids and alkalis through neutralizing ability);biological (microbial) - due to the biochemical integrity and quality of the skin surface and produce protective substances, vitamins and enzymes.
Heat physiotherapy and other factors (including baths) have a positive effect on the peripheral blood circulation, improve skin trophism and its appendages, stimulate its function, regeneration of the epidermis and the subcutaneous fat layer, metabolic, secretory and immune function.Eventually there comes improvement and normalization of the disturbed functions of the skin and the regression of the diseases of the skin as dermatosis.
skin performs thermoregulatory function that is carried out under the control of the nervous system, affecting the change in blood flow in the skin secretion of sweat and its evaporation.Ambient temperature is perceived skin thermoreceptors pulses from them reach the central nervous system and temperature centers hypothetical
lamusa and transmitted to the executive thermoregulatory bodies from them.
skin performs information function.As an information organ of the skin has a large area of the receptor, which is located in the sensory receptors that respond to heat, cold, pressure, burning, itching, pain, and other sensations that allows the body to carry out adaptation, security and other functions.Visiting Bath has a positive effect on the skin: it reduces the itching and those close to him discomfort.
secretory function of the skin is carried out its appendages: sweat and sebaceous glands.The secret of these glands with keratin proteins and SLE-courtyard would epidermal cells forms a physiological protective layer of the skin surface with numerous safety features: resistant to acids and alkalis with neutralizing anti-microbial, anti-fungal, and other qualities.Bath improves Dey tions the skin appendages.
skin has the reflex ability.Neuro-vascular reaction of the skin allow us to determine the state of the autonomic nervous system, its responsiveness, the ability to form vazoaktiv-substances.They occur in response to external (mechanical, physical and chemical) and internal (metabolic, toxic, neuropsychiatric) influence.Heat, cold and mechanical stress when you stay in the sauna (sauna) cause the formation of vasoactive substances and affect the tone of the autonomic nervous system.
Not least has the barrier function of the skin, due to which the skin, on the one hand, pre
safe protection system prevents the body from penetration of harmful substances, which is very important in toxicological and talk Sico-allergic relations.On the other hand, the skin perceives rezorbtsiruet, deposits and carries a number of substances as hazardous and pharmaceuticals.In addition, certain substances through the skin excreted.These processes can go in both directions, the exclusion of oxygen which penetrates into only.
skin is capable of resorption, which should be taken into account when applications in dermatology drugs, when Balneoklimatoterapija, mud treatment, administered to substances by the galvanic current, during a massage.Improved peripheral circulation and skin temperature and perspiration, and hydration of the epidermis under the influence of the bath temperature and mechanical influences (sauna) increases the resorption capability of the skin, its permeability for drugs, in particular, used in dermatology.
Bath has a positive effect on metabolic processes, water-salt metabolism, the formation of vasoactive substances, tissue hormones, enzymes in the immune processes, pigmentation and so on. D.
Effect of bath on the skin is mainly due to the contrasting temperature conditions.Increasing the supply of oxygen to the skin as a result of acceleration of blood flow and improve skin respiration during hyperemia (absorption of oxygen from the atmosphere) stimulates the oxidation processes in the skin.Increased intake of protective substances to the skin, increases the phagocytic ability of white blood cells, the activity of enzymes, membrane permeability.When the temperature of the skin 2-3 times increasing
etsya metabolism.The increased blood flow in the skin accelerates the resorption of inflammatory infiltrates, abnormal excretion of metabolites in the excretory organs (kidney, sweat glands), detoxification of the liver.
intense sweating promotes hydration of the stratum corneum cells, desquamation of hyper-keratosis and a pair of scales with squamous dermatoses.Under the influence of steam open ducts of the sweat glands in follicular hyperkeratosis.Increased excretion of sweat impacted the excretory ducts and intercellular spaces of the epidermis.
known that when combing with skin itching worsens during dermatosis.Therefore, in the treatment of dermatoses, the main efforts are directed at the elimination of itching, which is achieved by means of a bath.The disappearance of itching is the most sensitive indicator of the subjective treatment success, and not only has psychotherapeutic value, but also reflects the positive morphological changes.
increased blood flow in the skin, hydration of the stratum corneum cells, improving the permeability of the epidermis under the influence of the pair create conditions for improving the permeability of the skin and dermatological therapeutic effect of drugs used topically.
bath affects the tone of the autonomic nervous system, skin metabolism sugars, lipids, uric acid and nitrogenous compounds on water-electrolyte metabolism, which are broken when dermatoses.The alternation of high and low temperatures in the bath can have a positive effect on vasomotor adaptation of temperature variations, dermatoses with impaired peripheral
blood circulation (cold feet and hands, with a spasm * -sudov et al.).
Vanya has a distinct cosmetic effect.It has long been believed that the skin is a mirror of health.Its coloring, ductility, toughness, humidity and greasiness, and the thickness of subcutaneous fat thickness - those features which are judged not only the skin condition but also the whole organism.The pink color of the skin is a sign of its good condition.It is due to a good blood supply.Bath, as well as some other physiotherapy treatments that improve skin trophism and its appendages, a positive effect on its function and ultimately gives a cosmetic effect with no signs of intolerance or allergic sensitivity.
believed that sauna improves the trophism of hair follicles, improve hair growth.As a result of stimulation of fat (sebaceous) glands and sweat improved lubrication and elasticity of dry brittle hair.It is known that the emergence of many dermatoses is pathogenic in connection with the state of the internal environment of the body, the central and autonomic nervous system, in violation of the functions and systems of the body.Steam is a form of training thermoregulation mechanisms.Some dermatoses (psoriasis, dermatitis atropicheskie) are characteristic for the deterioration of the seasonal winter, especially during thaws.This is due to poor adaptation ability of organisms to climate change.
bath increases the body's resistance to viral and bacterial infectious diseases, catarrhal conditions caused oh ^
cool the.It is known that in these diseases, and angina often exacerbation of psoriasis.
noted a positive impact on the sauna-bath for allergic diseases.Bath, influencing processes veschestb exchange for detoxification and excretory organs, the nervous system, enhances the therapeutic effect at dermatoses, which are connected with the violation of internal organs.
Influenced baths improved: physical health, sleep, appetite, decreases or disappears emotional stress, weaken or disappear depressive disorders.All this, along with other results, a positive psychotherapeutic effect and dermatoses.
accumulated quite a lot of material about the positive influence of the bath at various dermatological disorders: eczema, urticaria, Atropos-cal dermatitis, abrasions, psoriasis, peripheral circulation disorders, residual problems after wounds, non-healing wounds, with the cosmetic cleaning of the skin and some others.
is believed that the main indicators of the appointment baths are disorders of the peripheral circulation.
Banja shown in the following diseases.,
Eczema in conjunction with dermatitis is the most common skin disease with very different pathogenic features.Bath is a chronic and recurrent forms of eczema with different pathogenesis between recourse or in the stationary phase.Contraindicated during exacerbation of visiting bath process with weeping, and microbial eczema. "
bath helps to normalize the internal environment with eczema who pathogenesis associated with disturbed metabolism in the body, the internal organs and the nervous system, or occur simultaneously with them.Furthermore, the use of the bath accelerates the removal and neutralization of harmful substances, microbial flora, constituent-allergenic compounds, metabolites pathological skin and intercellular spaces in the epidermis of contact eczema.Bath improves the regeneration of the epidermis and the protective layer of the skin with degenerative eczema and increased tendency to bacterial superinfection.
Caution should be used bath (sauna) for microbial, fungal and disgidroticheskih reactions, varicose eczema paratravmaticheskih with venostazom, dermatitis, oily seborrhea.
In some forms of eczema (even if when they bath shown) to exclude the mechanical effects on the skin (whipping with a broom, rubbing the skin with a brush, a strong shower, massage).In some cases, preferably cooling air, not cold water.These precautions should be observed, and in some forms of dermatitis.
atopic dermatitis - a disease of unknown pathogenesis and genetically determined tendency to allergy (atopy), systemic violation education reaginic antibodies.This kind of dermatitis is often associated with other allergic diseases: asthma (der morespiratorny syndrome), hay fever, migraine, urticaria.Sometimes
should appoint a lightweight version of the baths.Signs of this are: sweat delay
in the excretory ducts of glands and its penetration into the extracellular space, frequent acute itching, neurotic reactions with sleep disorders due to itching, vegetative lability, tendency to microbial skin infection and infectious diseases of the respiratory tract as a result of hypothermia, special adaptation to temperature fluctuations, especially during the transition from warm to cold, slow cooling after rewarming.
general tonic effect baths (saunas), improves mental and physical condition of patients with dermatitis atropicheskimi.
and chronic nodular prurigo.In this disease, not only bath positive effect on itching, but may promote resorption infiltrates nodules.However, the bath is contraindicated in symptomatic itching in patients with malignant processes.
Improving occurring after a bath with scrapie, is associated with increased metabolism by increasing blood flow, with reduction of skin dryness as a result of stimulation of the functions of the skin appendages, ie, sweat and sebaceous glands.
hives.This disease occurs in conjunction with allergic and non-allergic components.Heat steam acts positively, if the disease is caused by a cold and metabolic conditioning.Difficult to treat hives caused by physical factors: pressure, heat, sunlight, cold.