Herb St. John's wort
Botanical description. St. John's wort - a perennial herb, often with one or several rounded erect stems, 30-100 cm tall at the interstices of the stem are clearly visible two slightly prominent ribs that are changing their position in the nodes (the plane in which the ribs are two adjacent interstices are located.90 leaves opposite, elliptic or oblong-ovate, entire, sessile with numerous translucent dots -. repositories Within the past are droplets of tar that strongly refract light and so leaves appear holed flowers are golden yellow, collected in corymbose inflorescences, or.panicles. When rubbing between fingers flower buds hand painted in purple color.
Perianth double, regular. Calyx five lanceolate sepals. Corolla of five oblong-elliptic, mostly anisoplural petals, top slant-cut, with dark dots and dashes along the edge.Stamens many, fused at the base into three beams.Pistil one with three columns and upper ovary.Fruit - polyspermous ovoid capsule, dehiscing by three valves.
blooms from June to August.The fruits ripen in August - September.
Geographical distribution. growing on well sunlit forest glades, forest edges, clearings and in young pine plantations, in sparse pine and coniferous-small-leaved forests, meadow steppes, in the foothills on the rocky slopes, along roads, in the boundaries, along the edges of fields.
widely distributed in the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, in the foothills of Central Asia, Siberia, Lake Baikal and Trans-Baikal.
main areas blanks are in Belarus, Ukraine, in Volgograd and Pskov regions, Stavropol, Krasnodar and Altai territories of the RSFSR.
collection and drying. Gather flowering tops of the plant until the unripe fruit.They were cut with knives, sickles and secateurs.The lower, coarse base of the stem are not subject to collection.When harvesting should use cutting tools, or you can pull out a plant with rhizome, which leads to the destruction of thickets and reduce the quality of raw materials.Some flowering plants are left for seed multiplication.The collected grass is folded loosely, without tamping, bags and quickly delivered to the place of drying.
dried in attics, under eaves, in well ventilated areas or in the dryer at a temperature not exceeding 40 °.Raw scatter a layer of 5-7 cm thick and periodically stirred.Drying terminated at a time when the stems become brittle.
medicinal raw materials. finished raw materials - grass St. John's wort (Herba Hyperici) consists of leafy stems with flowers, buds and partly unripe fruits.Stems oppositely branched, rounded, with two longitudinal ribs, naked, up to 30 cm. The leaves and flowers of the described structure.Sepals lanceolate, finely pointed.
Odour mild, fragrant;taste bitter, slightly astringent.
Decoction 1:10 ferric alum painted in black and green.
Art.GF 324 X and GOST 15161-69 permit the moisture content of no more than 13%;Ash not more than 8%;stem parts (main stem and side branches) not more than 50%;crushed pieces pass through a sieve with openings of 2 mm in diameter, not more than 10%;organic and mineral impurities are not more than 1%.
Inexperienced pickers often collect, instead of St. John's Wort Hypericum ordinary spotted, or four-sided - Hypericum maculatum Crantz.(= H. Quad-rangulum L.), which differs from the harvested species so that its stem not two, but four ribs, two of which are the main and two adnexal, sepals obtuse.
may very rarely be collected other species - rough St. John's wort - Hypericum hirsutum L., from which the stem without ridges.The whole plant is covered with hairs.
Hypericum elegant - Hypericum elegans Steph.- tonkodlinnozubchatye is on the edge of black sepals with glandular hairs at the ends of cloves.
Hypericum mountain - Hypericum montanum L.- cylindrical stalk slightly pubescent.The flowers are pale yellow.
chemical composition. herb St. John's wort contains about 10-12% of condensed tannins, 0.1 - 0.4% colorant hypericin, which belongs to the group diantrahinonovyh compounds, flavonoids (giperozid, rutin, kvertsitrin, myricetin, leucoanthocyanins) 0,2-0, 3% of essential oils, 17% of resinous substances, saponins, carotene, vitamin C and others.
Action and use. pharmacological action of St. John's wort grass is determined by its chemical composition.Assign to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (ulcers, gastroenterokolity, meadows and others.), Liver, gall bladder, as well as externally to treat burns, difficult to heal wounds, ulcers;in dentistry for inflammatory diseases of the mouth (gingivitis, stomatitis, ulcers, aftah, Ging-vostomatitah, thrush, etc.).
Inside appointed as infusions and decoctions of '10 raw materials on 200 ml of water 1 tablespoon at a reception 3-4 times a day for 20 to 30 minutes before a meal, as well as the tincture 30-40 drops per reception 3 timesin a day.The infusion is used externally to rinse, wash (1 teaspoon to 1/2 cup water), lubricate the gums.Infusions and decoctions of herbs St. John's wort is often prepared at home: 3 tablespoons chopped herbs pour 250 ml of boiled water, about 2 hours, filter and take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
antibacterial drug novoimanin derived from herb St. John's wort is used externally to treat abscesses, abscesses, infected wounds, as well as for inhalation in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, and so on. D.
sealer oil can be used for the treatment of wounds and ulcers, whichmade from fresh flowers: 1 part flowers pour 1 part 40% alcohol and 2 parts of sunflower oil.After infusion for 3 days, the mixture is cooked over low heat until complete evaporation of alcohol and water.The resulting oil is filtered hot.
Such a popular and fairly common herb like St. John's wort, can also serve as an excellent basis for infusions.And the number of diseases in which this tincture can help, simply colossal.However, as soon as we want to warn you that this plant is poisonous, and its reception should be implemented only through coordinated action with your doctor (especially in the treatment of microcirculatory disorders and disorders of the peripheral circulatory congestion phenomena).
Typically, tincture of St. John's Wort is prescribed for diseases such as gastritis, cholecystitis, bile stasis in the gallbladder, hepatitis, biliary dyskinesia, kidney disease, liver, gastrointestinal tract, with initial symptoms of gallstone disease, kidney with functional impairmentglomeruli, flatulence and reducing the filtration capacity of the kidneys.
In addition, this infusion is used in dental purposes: as a remover of bad breath as a tonic for weak gums, as anti-inflammatory and astringent.This
infusion as a 1% solution in water is used for various lotions for burns, boils, carbuncles, whitlow, sores and infected wounds, since it significantly increases the regenerative properties of tissues.
Wanted: 1 of the stems and leaves of St. John's wort and 5 parts of a 70% concentration of alcohol.
Method. Pour well-washed leaves and stems of hypericum with alcohol and insist in a dark place for 14 days.Then filter the solution and store in a cool dark place in a bottle of dark glass.
application method. As a rule, this tincture taken 3-4 times a day for 40-50 drops.A rinse throat and mouth is taken 30-40 drops in half cup water.