Rhythm of the body of work - the key to health

August 12, 2017 17:50 | Diagnosis Of Disease

established that adaptation of the organism to various environmental influences is provided by the respective variations of the functional activity of organs and tissues of the central nervous system, including the change in the rate of biological reactions.

biological processes in the body take place with a certain rhythm, wavelike.

most important property of adaptive reactions of the body is the body's ability to change the intensity of expenditure and recovery (regeneration) of different structures, depending on the frequency and severity of the environment.

There is a close relationship between the spatial and temporal organization of biological systems.

Scientific and reasonable idea of ​​biological time belongs to the great Russian scientist VI Vernadsky.

American scientist F. Halberg introduced the concept of circadian {circadian) rhythm.

Biological rhythms are inherent (endogenous) - is ordered in time and predictable phenomenon.

Temporary organization of the body is a combination of jet

lag, having different periods, but coordinated with each other in time.

Each body has its own biological rhythm with its inherent period and frequency. period - the time of one full oscillation and frequency - the number of oscillations per unit of time.

Fluctuations in the biochemical processes taking place both on the level of cells, so the body's level and beyond.

for their livelihood body strives to maintain a certain level and the amplitude of the oscillation.

case of coincidence of two periods of oscillation rhythm going their synchronization, and with authentic mismatch - desynchronosis.

Environment, Sun rhythms of the moon and other rhythmic effects can affect the frequency and amplitude of the jet lag.

Many external rhythms are synchronizers biorhythms - they are called transducers time.

biological rhythms of the body - is the background on which are superimposed periodic and non-periodic changes in environmental factors.

predictability of these phenomena (movement of the Earth, the Moon and the planets relative to the sun) made it possible live objects to program behaviors, ensuring anticipation of possible changes.

Change of day and night, the seasons, the rhythms of solar activity (SA), moon phase, approximation and removal of the planets - all it interacts with human biological rhythms.

Cyclical biological processes expressed in a continuous alternation of strengthening and weakening of activity of certain cells, tissues, organs and body as a whole.

fact that the excitation of the nervous system is replaced by braking, the motor activity of the organism during the day gives way to rest at night.

But does that mean that a particular organ or system completely relax?

famous Russian scientist GN Kryzhanovsky formulated the principle of individual organs, tissues and cells as the "law of intermittent activity of functional structures."

This means that part of the body structure is updated, stores energy, and some functions -.. Ie body work is not interrupted.

However, the number of cells of the organ in a state where there is a replacement of the old structures with new, varies periodically.

When a larger number of cells of the organ is in a state of division and renewal, functional organ opportunities are reduced.Conversely, when operating most of the cells of the organ - its functional vozmoyashosti increase.

view of the fact that every organ or system has its own rhythm of growth or updates (physiological regeneration), are there are times when most of the organs or systems are in a state of reduced functional activity.And then reduced and the adaptive capacity of the whole organism.

But it should be noted that our biological system is built very reasonably and rationally.

In each organ, as shown by an outstanding scientist DS Sarkisov, using electronic radiography method, there are also backup features - dark cells found alone.

With increasing load on the body of intense functional activity is accompanied by increased spending structures.

Then there is help - these dark cells brighten reserve and included in the work.

Further, they are disconnected from the active work and go back to the reserve.But if the load is excessive, then the body cells do not leave the reserve and in the future the possibility of organ function decline.

This directly applies to the human heart muscle.When excessive exercise (especially young athletes) there is overstrain the heart and decreases efficiency.

therefore accessible to the organism load gives a good result, but excessive - reduces functionality and adaptive capabilities of the organism.

Therefore, control of tolerance load is required for any physical work and exercise, and this helped developed tests.

own endogenous biorhythms organism can not provide full life if they are not stimulated by certain impulses from the external environment.

One of the main incentives is physical activity to charge the biological clock.

Muscle activity is accompanied by increased blood flow throughout the body and affects the entire intracellular energy of all organs.

In physical training intracellular processes become more labile (fast) and can as soon as possible to switch to a high rate of renewal, build and material resources for further growth or regeneration.

important property of any biological structures are the processes of reproduction and decay occurring in certain periods of time - the concept of structure is inseparable from the concept of time.

destruction and restoration of the body is not whole, but the individual parts (quanta).

rhythmic organ function consistent.If such coordination is broken, then there is a mismatch of the internal mechanisms of the common circadian rhythm - desynchronosis.

mismatch and restructuring of biological rhythms are associated with stress.

desynchronosis is internal and external .Internal desynchronosis violation occurs when matching rhythms within the body, and an external - in violation of synchronization of rhythms of the body and the environment.

desynchronosis constantly accompanied by any damage in the body:.. With fatigue, violation mode, with stress of any kind, etc. The most severe jet lag (not compatible with life) called asinhronozom.

desynchronosis happens:

• acute and chronic;

• explicit and hidden;

• total and partial.

Acute desynchronosis mismatch occurs when the sensor time and the body's biorhythms.Such desynchronosis can occur during fast moving in the latitudinal direction (for example, on an airplane from Russia to Japan or America).

At repeated similar movements - mismatches - may chronic desynchronosis. That is why pilots traveling to different parts of the globe, there is a limitation on the number and flight time.

Explicit desynchronosis:

• the person feels unwell;

• disturbed sleep;

• mood is getting worse;

• increased irritability;

• increased heart rate;

• slightly increased body temperature;

• increases (and sometimes vice versa reduced) blood pressure.

Even when the initial manifestations must be taken to normalize the regime of the day, the general state of the organism.

Hidden desynchronosis immediately notice it is difficult, because there is a subjective comfort (good sleep, mood, and performance).But the body has already begun phase synchronization violation of natural rhythms.

This condition occurs when the transition to "winter", then to "summer" time.Particularly noticeable desynchronosis becomes in April, when a mismatch with external sensors is already 2:00.

first occurs misalignment number of internal rhythms, but soon show signs explicit desynchronosis: worsening of sleep, its duration, failure mealtime, then violations of the chair, and sometimes loss of appetite, increased susceptibility to colds, etc.

When.. desynchronosis partial mismatch occurs the individual functions of the body, and in total - at all levels.

sign of good health is a good time sequence in the body.

revealed a general biological law, according to which with the growth of the organism biorhythm amplitude gradually increases (to adulthood), and then to old age begins to gradually fade away.

Therefore, maintaining the amplitude of their biorhythms, a person can postpone the onset of old age.

At a young age short-term shifts biorhythm phases recovering quickly, keeping biorhythmic status.

As we age, this ability is being lost and begins to develop desynchronosis with all possible diseases during its build-up.

installed and has a rather interesting fact: the more stable synchronization of biorhythms observed in elderly people living in an environment of people than those who live alone.

more rapid aging of people there and after retirement (cancellation strict regime of the day and the weakening of social factors).

particular importance in assessing the viability of human scientists give long-term preservation of the work rhythm of the body, preserve the constancy of his biorhythm amplitude.

It is in this direction are now working many researchers believing that the loss of rhythm of work of a body (of the illness) can be eliminated by "imposition" is characteristic of this rhythm body, causing it to regain its oscillatory mode, t. E. To recover.

The adaptation of the organism involves many systems, especially the nervous, neuromuscular and hormonal.

nervous system - this is the highest, the coordinating unit of the body.As said Sechenov, the great Russian physiologist, "the source of the feeling of fatigue is usually placed in the working muscles;I put it ... exclusively in the central nervous system. "

Therefore, the adaptation of an organism to a particular exposure is related to the reactivity of the central nervous system that all people are different.

Directional adaptation of the body in each case should cover the possible greater number of genetically determined individual features.

For example, many different special ability to a particular manifestation of speed or endurance

- how they named Academician VP Treasurers - sprinters or stayers , or phlegmatic and choleric , and so forth..

unequal people and reliability of the biological system.

highest reliability of this system in people with a high level of autonomy body.This means that under the influence of stress the body responds quickly and maintains constant internal environment, minimizing the effects of DS - error work vital biological rhythms.

For example, when magnetic storms (as they affect blood pressure, dramatically reducing its) body, immediately increasing the heart rate, trying to keep his persistence.

But people excitable, weak inhibitory process pressure immediately rises sharply and may occur hypertensive crisis.

Therefore, autonomy, reliability, the body's defenses to a large extent depend on the torus-bremsstrahlung-relaxation functional system.

Classic World physiology K. Bernard argued that the constancy of the internal environment is the condition for a free and independent life.

H. Selye, the first to use the term stress, believed that there is a certain parallelism between resilience and adaptive capacity in animals and humans.

Stress can be both physical and mental, or else they are called stress physiological and psycho-emotional .

However, both are intertwined with the peculiarities of the central nervous system and the possibilities of the subject quickly normalize its balance sheet, including inhibitory-relaxation functional system of protection.

Therefore, a person is able to manage their emotions, who knows how to "include" in a timely manner its inhibitory-relaxation functional system of protection will be more adapted to a variety of adverse physiological (disease, trauma) and emotional stress, and therefore more healthy.

As stated, many human diseases are associated with jet lag of a body and a violation (as a result) development program.

chronobiology emphasize that violation of the rhythm of the work of the organism and its separate systems can serve as a marker of the beginning of aging.

In the preface to the WHO Constitution states: "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of health or bodily defect."

Many attempts to characterize the state of health that have been made at the moment, is not taken into account chronobiological approach, despite the fact that the spatial and temporal organization of the human body has been confirmed in many scientific papers.

Meanwhile, the temporal organization of biological systems as an integral part of the constitution of an individual.

development of each organism is carried out by a specific genetic program, which starts from the moment of conception.The function of each organ is characterized by rhythmic, occurring in regular intervals.

space and time - is the main form of existence of organisms, which are inherent in and spatio-temporal patterns.

Human life is also inextricably linked to the time factor, each period of his life and is characterized by its condition over time.

That is why the level of health should be seen as a particular state (corresponding to a certain stage of development) in the time frame of human life.

Research, which in 1995 were held VG Tristan, revealed that the deterioration of health in the first place depends on the violation of the time coherence of the various functions of the body.In other words, "living organism clock starts to deteriorate", "keep" or "run away" in time of their job functions.

amplitude of circadian biorhythm is one of the most important indicators of a temporary violation of the organization and is important as a forecast for assessing the state of health,

With the deterioration of health in the first place settings are changed rhythms psychological indicators.

Scientists have shown that the subjective feeling of "ill health", as a rule, ahead of functional manifestations, therefore, suggest the emergence of future disturbances in the body.

Psychological health status indicators (mood, individual minute, Luscher color test) can afford to self-assess the value of these values.

In the 30s of the last century, Academician Vernadsky proposed the concept of "biological time" t. E. The time, associated with life events.Inner own time is interconnected with the surrounding environment time.

a healthy person, his "internal biological clock" quite clearly, measure time intervals.Such people do not need alarm clocks in the morning, they are free to wake up at the appointed hour.

However, there are cases when these "living clock" begin or delayed, or in a hurry.

To check the progress of their biological clock is offered a test.