Help visually Impaired
When the mind is able to perfectly recall some of the manifestations of the senses, it is always perfectly relaxed.In this case, when the eyes are open !, vision is normal, and when they are closed and covered with palms, to completely exclude the light, seen completely black box, ieI did not see anything.If you can clearly recall whooping hours, any odor or taste, your psyche will come to a perfect state of rest.Then, if you close your eyes and cover up their hands, you will see the absolute blackness.If your memory on the sense of touch can be compared with the reality, you will not see anything but black when fully excluding the light.The same would have happened if you clearly remember some musical beat.
But in any of these cases is not easy to verify the correctness of memories.The same can be said about the colors other than the black.All the other colors, including white, dependent on the amount of light falling on them and they are rarely as clear what they are visible to the normal eye.However,
These facts are easy to prove retinoscopy.Absolutely perfect recollection is very rare, so rare that it is unlikely to be taken into account.Almost perfect same memory, which can be called normal, can be achieved under certain conditions, virtually anyone.With this memory black retinoscope shows that all refractive errors corrected.The reverse occurs if the memory is worse normal.If it fluctuates, and the shadow of the retinoscope will fluctuate.
Indications retinoscope in practice are more reliable than the patient's approval.Patients often believe and claim that they are perfect (or normal) remember black, while the retinoscope shows the presence of refractive errors.In such cases, summing up the test card to the point where black letters on it can be seen best of all, easy to show that recalled not equal to what they see.The reader can easily verify that this color can not be perfectly remember, if your eyes and mind are in tension.To do this, try to remember it during a conscious effort to see, for example, closely considered, narrowing his eyes, frowning, and so on. E., Or trying to see all the lines letters equally well at the same time.At the same time found that black under such conditions either do not recall or remember the very bad.
When both human eyes differ in their vision, you may find that this difference is accurately measured by the duration of time during which it is possible to recall the black dot, looking at the test with both eyes first, and then closing the best eye.One patient with normal vision right eye and half-normal vision of the left eye he could, looking at the test with both eyes, remember the point for 20 seconds in a row.With closed eyes is the best point could recall only 10 seconds.Another man with a half-normal vision of the right eye and a quarter of normal vision in the left eye could point to remember for 12 seconds with both eyes open and only 6 seconds with the best eye closed.A third person with normal vision of the right eye and the vision in his left eye 0.1 could point to remember for 20 seconds with both eyes open and only 2 seconds when the best eye was closed.In other words, if the vision of the right eye is better than the left, the memory, and when the right eye is open, it is better than it is open only the left eye.This difference in the duration of memories is directly proportional to the difference in vision in both eyes.
the treatment of functional disorders of this relationship between relaxation and memory is of great practical importance.Feeling the eyes and mind give us very little information about the voltage, both of which they are exposed.Often those who are experiencing the greatest stress, feel the least discomfort.But if you check their ability to remember a black man can always determine whether or not it is strained.Therefore, so it is able to eliminate the conditions that lead to stress.Whichever method of improving a person is not applied, it is recommended to constantly remember at the same time some small area of black color, for example, a point so that it can identify and eliminate conditions that create stress.In some cases, people for a very short time one cured only by this method.One of the advantages of this method is that it does not need the checklist.The man at any time, day or night, no matter what he did, can always find a favorable environment for the perfect memory point.
state of mind conducive to remembrance the black point can not be reached by any kind of effort.No recollection of the cause of relaxation, but on the contrary, it must precede it.Recollection is achieved only at the moment of relaxation and retained as long as the causes of stress are eliminated.However, to explain exhaustively, as it happens, it's hard, so hard as to give a full explanation.many other psychological phenomena.We only know that under certain conditions, which may be called favorable, it becomes possible to achieve a degree of relaxation, sufficient for the memories black point, and that the persistent search for such conditions a person can increase the degree of relaxation and its duration, becoming, in the end, able to saveand its adverse conditions.
For most people, palming provides the most favorable conditions for the black memories.When the force is reduced to see except for the light, one can usually remember any black object for a few seconds or longer.This relaxation period can be increased in two ways.A person can open his eyes and look at any black object by central fixation to the distance at which he will be most obvious and where, therefore, the eyes are most relaxed.Or it can be moved from one mentally black object to another or from one part of a black object onto another.Thanks to such methods, and perhaps under the influence of a number of other reasons, difficult to understand, most people sooner or later will be able to with closed eyes, which are covered with palms, remembering the black for an indefinite period of time.
person can remember the black dot, opening his eyes and looking at the blank (empty) surface, without making a conscious effort to see anything.This unconscious voltage drops, and all errors of refraction, as shown by the retinoscope, corrected.This result was found to be consistently achieved, and as long as the surface remains clean (empty), and the person begins to remember, or to visualize things clearly visible, the memory and vision preserved.But if with improved vision on the surface begin to identify the different items or if a person begins to think about the test card, which he saw clearly, will return again to see the effort, and the point is lost.
When you look at the surface, where there is nothing that can be seen, the distance no longer plays any role for the memories, because people can always look on such a surface, independent of where it is, with no effort to see her.However, when one considers a letter or any other details, the memory is carried out in the best point at which the human eye is also the best, rather than from a distance, where eyesight is not so good.This is due to the fact that in the first case, the eye and the human mind are more relaxed than in the second.Consequently, applying the central fixation to the most convenient distances and using any other method to improve vision to be found effective, can improve the memory points, and in some cases very quickly.
If relaxation achieved under such favorable conditions, ideally, a person can save it and when the mind is subjected to the visual impression on unfavorable distances.Such cases, however, are very rare.Typically achieved significantly low degree of relaxation, and thus, a greater or lesser extent lost when conditions are unfavorable, such as when looking at the letters or any object distance inconvenient.These visual impressions in adverse circumstances are so disturbing character that will be identified before the details on the distance from which they had not previously been seen, the patient usually loses his relaxation, and with it the memory of the point.In practice, the force can return to see even before people have time to realize the image on the retina.The following case illustrates this perfectly.
A woman of 55 years was 15 diopters of myopia, complicated with other visually impaired, making it impossible for her vision of a capital "C" from a distance of more than 1 foot, or walk around the house and on the street unaccompanied.She learned by looking at a green wall with no effort to see her, clearly remember the black dot and see a small piece of wallpaper from a distance as well as near.When she came closer to the wall, it was asked to take up the handle of the door, because she had made quite confident."However, I see no hands", - noted she hurried.The fact that she saw the handle is long enough to undertake it, but once it took possession of the idea that she could see her, she has lost the memory point, and with it improved vision.When she again tried to find a pen, she was unable to do so.
When, during the viewing of a letter on the test card fails to remember the ideal point of view of this letter is improved with the knowledge or without realizing it.It is impossible to simultaneously tighten and relax.Therefore, if a person is relaxed enough to remember the point, it must be sufficiently relaxed to consciously or unconsciously see the letter.Vision letters on both sides of the considered or letters on the lines above and below it also improves.When a person realizes that he sees the letter, it is distracting and it is usually at first makes him forget the point.For some people, as already noted, to see the effort may return even sooner than possible to consciously recognize the letter.
Thus, people face a dilemma.Relaxation, as evidenced by the memory point, improves vision, and what they see with this improved vision, causes them to lose this relaxation and memories.I've always wondered how people manage to overcome this difficulty.Nevertheless, there were people who could do it in 5-30 minutes.For others, the process is long and tedious.
There are various ways out of this situation.One way is in remembrance of the dots looking slightly away from the checklist, for example, a foot or more.Then you have to look a little closer to her, and, finally, look at the space between the lines.In this way, a person may be able to see the letters in the peripheral field of view without loss point.When he learns to do it, he might be able to make the next step - to look directly at the letter without losing control over their memory.If he can not do it, he can only look at one part of the letter (usually the bottom), or see, or to represent a point as part of the letters at the same time noting that the rest of the letter less is black and less otchetliv than considered directlypart.By learning to do this, he will be able to recall a point better than when this letter was all seen equally well.If the letter is seen all the same, then the perfect point the memory is always lost.
The next step is to note, straight, curved, or open letters bottom without losing a point on the bottom of this.When a patient learns that he can try to do the same with the top and side portions of the letter, still holding point at the bottom.Usually, when it is possible by this method to see every part of the letters individually, it is possible to see the whole letter and entirely without loss of memory points.But sometimes it also happens that this can not be done.Then we must also be trained before you can be aware of all aspects of the letter at the same time without losing points.It may take minutes, hours, days and months.In one case, the goal was achieved by the following method.
One patient with 15 diopters of myopia what he saw when his vision improved memory point, resulting in a strong emotion that I had to advise him to take his eyes away from the check table, or any other of the object.He found that while the letters are starting to come to light, or other parts of the object.About a week he went, everywhere stubbornly avoiding her vision improves.With the improvement of memory points to do it harder and harder and the end of the week it was quite impossible.When he looked at the bottom line of the table at a distance of 20 feet, he remembered perfectly the point, and when he was asked whether he had seen the letter, he replied: "To help than any of their vision, I can not."
Some people held back his recovery, "decorating" the surroundings during the day points, rather than simply to recall the point in mind.To what good it does not, on the contrary, causes tension.The point can be presented perfectly and with the benefit of themselves as part of some black letters on the Snellen test, because it means a mental representation of the fact that one part of the black letters are best visible.But the point should not be present on the surface of an ideal that is not black.Any attempt to do so puts an end to the vision.
The smaller area is able to recall the black people, the higher the degree of relaxation.Some people, however, easier to find at first recollection of a larger area such as a letter of the check table are thus one part of the letter blacker than all the other parts.They may begin with a capital letter "C", and then proceed to smaller letters and finally get to a point.Often if it is found that a small area to remember better than most, and that its blackness is more intense.Rather than point to some people it is easier to remember a colon with a single point blacker than the other, the set of points with a black point or the other point of lowercase letters «i» and «j».Others prefer to point a comma.
Initially most people makes deliberate movement of iron from one zone to another or from one part of the zone to the other and presenting itself roll or pulsation produced by such movement.But when the memory is an ideal, it will be possible to hold one object continuously without conscious movement, while swinging is carried out only when attention is directed to it.
Although black is usually the best color for the memories, to some people, he is bored or he begins to oppress them.Such people prefer to remember white or some other color.Often easier is the memory of a familiar object or one of the pleasant associations than the memory that does not represent any particular interest.The vision of one woman corrected memory yellow buttercup.Another, not being able to remember the point, could remember the opal in his ring.All that people find easiest to memories, is the best object to this, because the memory will never be perfect, if it is given with difficulty.
When a memory point becomes habitual, it not only will not be burdensome, but will greatly benefit and other psychological processes.When reminded of the one thing better than all the rest, the mind takes possession of central fixation.