Infectious and parasitic diseases
most dangerous and insidious for our bodies are infectious diseases.Their flow is a complex biological process that is destructive to the body, inflicting enormous damage.The causative agents of these diseases, among which are the most common viruses and bacteria are transmitted from the patient's body healthy.
By infectious agents also include mycoplasma, rickettsia, spirochetes, chlamydia and others.Since agents may have a different location in the body, and the specific modes of transmission path selection in the environment, then several groups isolated infectious diseases.
The first group includes the intestinal infection.The spread of these infections occurs by the fecal-oral, and the infection is carried out through the mouth.
second group - a respiratory tract infection, they spread by droplet infection and infection occurs through the respiratory tract.
The third group includes blood infection - transmissible, transmission path which - through the bites of mosquitoes, fleas, ticks.
fourth group - it netransmissivnye blood infection, infection occurs with injections, blood transfusions, plasma.
fifth group - integument infection, route of transmission - contact (through the skin or mucous membranes).
for each infectious disease characterized by their incubation period, a certain clinical picture.
The initial period of the disease is accompanied by organism intoxication products of infectious agents of decay.For this stage is characterized by increased body temperature to 38-40 ° C, malaise, fatigue, feeling of weakness, chills, headaches, muscle aches and joint pain, loss of appetite, poor sleep;possible nausea, rarely vomiting.The respiratory system will be marked tonsillar and catarrhal syndromes.Catarrhal syndrome include a stuffy nose, mucous or purulent discharge from the nasal passages, sneezing.For tonsillar syndrome is characterized by sore throat, pain when swallowing.From the gastrointestinal tract should be noted abdominal pain of different nature, dyspepsia as diarrhea or constipation;for some diseases characterized by damage to the liver, it is clinically manifested by its increase.For the skin jaundiced meet their coloring, skin lesions in the form of fine bubbly rash.
most important in the treatment of infectious diseases is nutrition.
1. There are specific diet for each disease.Full diet should contain a certain amount of protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins in sufficient quantities.
2. In addition to the treatment of chemotherapy, the treatment is important medicinal plants, honey, milk, mummy.
The rehabilitation period is important to respect, health food.Showing physiotherapy, massage.
special group of infectious diseases account for helminth diseases - helminthiases.Activators are worms.In the clinical course of parasitic diseases affect nutrition, the immune and nervous systems of the body.Treatment of parasitic diseases effectively when combined with preventive measures to prevent new infections.It is important to fully eat, food should include a balanced amount of protein, fat and carbohydrates, and vitamins.