infectious mononucleosis Treatment folk remedies and methods
Infectious mononucleosis - is an infection that is characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and sore throat, which is the causative agent is Epstein-Bar.
reason for developing the disease is a virus.The source of infection - a sick man.The main route of transmission of the virus - with saliva, no wonder that the disease called the "kissing disease".The main symptoms are: fever higher than 38 C, lymphadenopathy, inflammation of tonsils, enlarged liver and changes in blood tests.The disease mainly affects young children, the disease is mild in them.Learn more about the symptoms of mononucleosis, see here.
infection process begins with the oropharynx, wherein the virus enters its mucosa, then its multiplication occurs that leads to disease.A person who has had infectious mononucleosis develops persistent immunity to it.
Manifestations of the disease appear within 5-14 days after infection.The incubation period - from 4 days to 2 months.Most cases develop acute infectious mononucleosis.Increased body t
first signs of the disease are symptoms of intoxication: the appearance of lethargy, weakness, loss of appetite, the appearance of pain in muscles and joints, headache, fever with an increase in body temperature to 38-40 ° C.Then there is a pain in the throat when swallowing, there is an increase of cervical lateral and zadnesheynyh lymph nodes.In some patients, liver damage occurs, it is clinically manifested appearance of a feeling of heaviness in the right hypochondrium, dark urine;in some patients there is an increase in the spleen, palpation of the liver marked increase in the 2 to 3 cm below the edge of the right costal arch.On average, the disease lasts for about 1-2 weeks, then the patient is starting to recover.
Epstein-Barr virus - a virus of the herpes group, has affinity for B lymphocytes, persists for a long time in the host cell in the form of latent infection.It is widely distributed throughout the world.The structure and size of Epstein-Barr virus indistinguishable from other herpes viruses, but differs significantly from their antigenic properties.The virus has a membrane Ag (MA - membrane antigen), nuclear Ar (EBNA - Ep, tein-Barri, nucleic antigen) and Ar viral capsid (VCA - viru, cap, id antigen).
Infection occurs during transmission of the virus from saliva.Epstein-Barr virus when ingested infects pharyngeal epithelium, causing inflammation and fever - the typical clinical signs of the beginning of infectious mononucleosis.Strictly lymphotropic virus, joining C3a receptor cell membrane of B-lymphocytes it induces proliferation of polyclonal B-lymphocytes with a corresponding increase in the tonsils, lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly system.B cells are transformed (acquire the ability to infinite division), and in the absence of an adequate cellular immune response, this process may evolve into malignant explicitly (for example, X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome).If cellular immunity factors control the virus replication Epps-mystery-Barr virus in the body, the clinical signs of infectious mono-Nucleosil gradually disappear.
Like other herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus can persist in a latent infection (its DNA in the nucleus contains a small amount of B-lymphocytes).Episodic asymptomatic reactivation of infection - a common phenomenon, about 20% of healthy young adults secrete Epstein-Barr virus with saliva.In individuals with a damaged cellular immunity (eg AIDS, ataxia-telangiectasia, in transplant recipients) may develop a clear infection reactive with hairy leukoplakia, interstitial pneumonitis, or in the form of a monoclonal B-cell lymphoma.With Epstein-Barr virus is associated etiology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Burkitt's lymphoma.
One manifestation of infectious mononucleosis - the appearance in the peripheral blood of atypical lymphocytes (10% of the total number of lymphocytes).Atypical cells are found in the blood since the beginning of the clinical manifestations of infection.Their content in the blood reaches a peak at the end of the 2nd or beginning of the third week and can be kept at a level of 1.5-2 months, the complete disappearance usually occurs in the beginning of the 4th month of onset.The presence of atypical lymphocytes - relatively insensitive indication of an infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus, but has a total of about 95% specificity.
Proliferation of polyclonal B-lymphocytes with an infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus, generates a large variety of autoantibodies in the patient, such as of IgM-anti-i (cold agglutinin), rheumatoid factor, antinuclear antibodies.Most unusual of Ig, appearing in infectious mononucleosis, are called heterophile antibodies Paul-Bunnelya.These antibodies belong to the class of IgM, they have an affinity for mutton and horse red blood cells, are not directed to any Ar Epstein-Barr virus.Heterophile antibodies - Random products B-lymphoid proliferation (caused by the Epstein-Barr virus), they appear in the first week of infectious mononucleosis and gradually disappear during convalescence, they are usually not detected after 3-6 months.
As initial acute stage of infection becomes latent in all cells in a large number of genomes appear Epstein-Barr virus (unique Ar) and nuclear Ar released into the environment.In response to the Ar is a synthesis of specific antibodies - markers of disease stage.Soon after infection of B lymphocytes Ar detect early (early antigen - EA) - a protein necessary for replication of Epstein-Barr virus (and not viral structural components).By early in the patient's body Ar synthesis and IgM classes of antibodies IgG.Together with a full virion virus Epstein-Barr viral capsid appear Ag (VCA) and the membrane Ag (MA).As the infection subsided a small percentage of infected with Epstein-Barr virus in the lymphocytes of the immune avoids degradation and maintains the viral genome in the latent form.Nuclear Ag (EBNA) Epstein-Barr virus is responsible for its survival and duplication.
diagnosis of disease based on the analysis of characteristic symptoms and is detected in the blood mononuclear cells.
Laboratory tests can detect antibodies to various Az.
polupostelny adhere to the recommended mode and sparing diet.You must gargle with disinfectant solutions.Also appointed vitamins, antipyretics, desensitizing, anti-viral and anti-bacterial agents.
to rinse the throat and pharynx using decoctions of calendula, chamomile, sage.
Required: 1 tbsp.spoon buckthorn bark, grass immortelle, knotweed grass, herb St. John's wort, flowers elderberry, 750 ml of water.
3 tbsp.Pour mixture of water, spoon, simmer for 5 minutes.
Take 3/4 cup in the form of heat for 20 minutes before eating.
4 Art.tablespoons blackberry leaves bluish, linden flower serdtselistnoy, grass uliginose, leaves cranberries ordinary, black currant leaves, 5 st.spoonfuls of hawthorn fruit, the fruit of mountain ash, birch leaves drooping, 2 tablespoons.tablespoons of willow bark, seeds of oats seed, 500 ml of water.
Ingredients mix, 2-4 Art.spoon mixture pour boiling water, to insist for 1 hour, drain, add the taste of lemon juice and honey.
Take in the form of heat 1/4 cup 8-10 times a day.
to remove the symptoms of intoxication used cranberry juice, and lime tea and strong black sweet tea with lemon.
1 tbsp.spoon of dried flowers of elderberry pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 25 minutes, then strain.Take 2 tbsp.spoons 5-6 times a day.
for 2 tablespoons.spoon Melilotus officinalis, calendula flowers, herbs chamomile, willow leaves, grass uliginose, 3 Art.spoon birch leaves, buds of Scots pine, black currant leaves, leaves, mountain arnica, 1 liter of water.
ingredients to mix, then 5, Art.spoon mixture pour boiling water.Insist 20 minutes, drain the infusion, wring out and the resulting raw material wrapped in gauze in the form of an envelope.
resulting envelope imposed on the submandibular region, on top put an oilcloth and towel.The procedure lasts 15-25 minutes at a rate of 8-10 procedures carried out through the day.
for 1.5-2 months from the beginning of the disease should not engage in activities to prevent possible ruptured spleen.
forecast the treatment in a favorable period.
Specific prevention does not exist.