Treatment revitalize the body ( elementary resuscitation) folk remedies and methods
Resuscitation (recovery) is the restoration of the vital functio
Usually, in any circumstances, death never comes at once - it is always preceded by a transitional period of time or a condition called terminal.In one case, a terminal condition lasts seconds, in another - the hours and days.It all depends on the degree of damage to the vital organs and body systems.In addition, the changes that occur in the body when dying, did not immediately become irreversible and can often be eliminated by timely assistance provided.
There are 2 types of death - Clinical and biological.
Clinical death.During the period of clinical death are no outward signs of life - heart activity and breathing.central nervous system functions are extinguished.But in the tissues persist metabolism, although their intensity is reduced.The energy resources of the brain is usually exhausted after 5-6 minug (under normal conditions).After full recovery of the vital functions of the human body is no longer possible due to the development of irreversible processes in organs and tissues, primarily in the brain and nervous system cells.Clinical death goes into the biological death.
When biological death changes occurred as the body already irreversible.
All resuscitation is usually carried out in a short period of time between clinical and biological death, when the patient is in a terminal state.So a few minutes, which is separated from the biological clinical death, should be fully utilized.There should be no room for conversation, panic and confusion, as hereinafter minimal, but in due time rendered help can be much more effective than all the medical activities that will be provided later.Therefore, knowledge of basic resuscitation methods for each of us is necessary.
Indications for resuscitation can be all kinds of serious injuries, sudden cardiac arrest, respiratory insufficiency, anaphylactic shock, electrocution, drowning, suffocation, poisoning, and others.
signs of sudden cardiac arrest are loss of consciousness, stop breathing, threadlikebarely palpable pulse, low (or undetectable) blood pressure, pale skin and visible mucous.With symptoms of acute respiratory failure observed acceleration of the heart rate, rapid breathing and stop sweating.In each case, first aid determined causes of these phenomena, but always with sudden cardiac arrest and breathing have to do rescue breathing and chest compressions.These activities are carried out before the arrival of emergency specialized care, and they can not stop for 15-20 minutes.If during this time the breath is not restored and the heart does not start working again, further measures can be considered useless, as irreversible changes in the brain tissue is very sensitive to lack of oxygen.The goal of resuscitation - keep the brain alive.
Before starting resuscitation important to put the patient.
Laying patient.Before the beginning of the resuscitation of the patient is necessary to lay on the floor or any hard, flat surface.The pillow under your head do not insert and put a solid roller made of clothing or blankets.the patient's head should hang back, reaching up to shoulder level.Clothing for it to be undone, especially in the neck and chest.
One of the first conditions that must be met during resuscitation, is to clean up the airways.To do this, you need to open the patient's mouth and airways clear.Open your mouth and push it to the affected lower jaw can be so: the first fingers of both hands in a hollow of the lower lip, while the index and middle - in the angle of the mandible;
index and middle fingers pushing the lower jaw forward so long as the bottom row of teeth will not appear in front of the top row;
lift the jaw and maintain it throughout the period of resuscitation.
sure to look sick or injured in the mouth, to make sure that nothing interferes with normal breathing interferes with breathing may be wrapped up language, "stuck" to the back of the throat, the particles of vomit, small object or food, dentures, mucus, saliva.All foreign bodies (and teeth) is removed from the mouth right index finger, wrapped with a piece of gauze or a bandage.At the same time we must act carefully so you do not accidentally push the foreign body further into the pharynx and the trachea.
then need to check the nasal passages stricken.This applies especially to small children, since they are mostly breathe through your nose, and if the nose is blocked, it significantly impairs breathing and resuscitation capabilities.
After airways checked and cleaned, it is necessary to make sure that the victim is breathing.Pay attention to the chest (it should rise and fall), listen to your breath and try to feel it on your face.To verify the presence of nasal breathing to the nostrils of the patient can attach a small piece of cotton wool, which will move during breathing.Breathing may be shallow and difficult perceptible, so when determining the need to be very careful.If you do not catch any signs of breathing with the help of the above methods, you can try to check its availability with a small mirror, swipe it to his lips.If misted mirror, then the patient is breathing.
In the absence of natural breathing should be, without losing a second, to initiate artificial respiration.
Before that, you need to tilt the patient's head and lift the chin to open the natural airways.
If the sick or injured person - a child younger than 4 years, during rescue breathing, you should close his mouth he immediately mouth and nose.If the patient is older, then, making artificial respiration "mouth to mouth", be sure to pinch his nostrils with thumb and forefinger, so that did not leave the air.
Ways artificial respiration a lot, but the best are two - "mouth to mouth" and "mouth-to-nose".
These methods are very simple and do not require any special equipment or special knowledge, therefore accessible to everyone.
breathing technique "mouth to mouth" as follows: hug lips to the mouth of the victim and breathe air into his lungs 5 times.The breath must be so strong that the victim's chest rise, as happens with a deep breath.After each inhalation take away his mouth from his lips.It is necessary to constantly monitor the human rib cage, which you render assistance.If it goes up, it means you exhaled air enters the airways of the victim.
Air Injection should be quick and sharp.This saves on his knees.One hand grips the patient's nostrils, and the other supports the lower jaw.The exhalation is done passively.
Initially, respiratory rate should be large (up to 20 breaths per minute).After 1-2 minutes, respiratory rate should be reduced to 15-16 times per minute.Proof ventilation efficiency is the appearance of the exhaled air from the lungs of the patient.
Simultaneously with artificial respiration must be carried out external cardiac massage.chest compression frequency of about 60 times per minute.For external cardiac massage should be with both hands rhythmically pressing the lower part of the sternum in such a way that each compression brings it to the spine of 4-5 centimeters.
pressing force on the chest depends on the age of the victim.When assisting an adult, this power should be 30-50 kg, with helping the child - much less.Closed heart massage nursing baby generally done with two fingers.
If resuscitation carries one person, he must every 15 compressions to stop chest compressions to make two exhalation "mouth to mouth".It is much easier if the victim assistance have two.One makes the artificial respiration "mouth to mouth", the other - indirect heart massage.
Efficiency resuscitation determined by the appearance of pulse on beam (held on the wrist in the direction from the thumb to the elbow on the outer side), carotid (held in the neck on both sides of the trachea, and it can be felt by slightly pushing in the place two fingers)or femoral (runs along the inside of the thigh) arteries, the disappearance of the cyanosis and pallor.If the victim began to breathe on his own, his face gradually turns pink, the pupils constrict, there are movements of the eyeballs.
Note: the strongest pulse - in the area of the carotid artery.A baby carotid artery was a bit short, so his pulse harder to find.If you can not find a pulse in the carotid artery, the brachial pulse, try to find (look for it on the inner side of the upper limb midway between the elbow and shoulder).Typically, the probe pulse with two fingers.If you have no skills in its finding, it is necessary to work out in advance on the child and the adult.It is always useful.
In providing intensive care for a child chest compressions done at a speed of 100 pushes per minute (3 push for 2 seconds).Then, give your child one breath (means "mouth to mouth", and for the kid - "mouth to mouth and nose").Then repeat all the elements of recovery.Click the child on the chest five times, and then make one breath.When an infant resuscitation should be mindful of its fragility and the fact that the child's heart is the size of his fist.For external cardiac massage pressed two fingers at a point below the nipple line of the thickness of a finger.5 is pressed once and produce breath.
should always remember that the earlier you start uem resuscitation, the more chances you have to save the man.
Resuscitation should be continued until the arrival of specialized "emergency"!