Carrying oxygen therapy
Oxygenotherapy - treatment with oxygen.This method is used in many diseases of the circulatory and respiratory actively used in purulent surgery, vascular diseases.Pure oxygen is not applicable, since it depresses the respiratory center.
oxygen therapy may be carried out by inhalation (through the respiratory tract) or neingalyatsionnyh (subcutaneously, and via the digestive tract) methods.
entered in any way oxygen is not only compensates for the deficiency in his body, but has a local impact.
storing and transporting oxygen cylinders, painted in blue color.In large hospitals oxygen cylinders are in a special isolated room, where the system of metal tubes of oxygen delivered to the dosimeters, where it is moistened and fed through a nasal catheter to the patient.In smaller hospitals oxygen therapy is conducted through a nasal catheter balloon (humidified oxygen in Bobrov apparatus).Used for catheterization sterile catheters № 8-12, which additionally make several holes.
Oxygen via Oxygen pillow
Oxygen pillow is a rubber bag, equipped with a rubber tube with a tap and a mouthpiece.It can accommodate 25 to 75 liters of oxygen.It is filled with oxygen from the oxygen tank.Before the beginning of oxygen therapy should wrap the mouthpiece 2-3 layers of wet gauze.Then it tightly pressed to the pty patient and open the tap, with which you can adjust the estimated rate of oxygen supply.Breathe is performed through a funnel mouth, exhale - nose.When the amount of oxygen in the bed is reduced, the hand is pressed against the pillow, or the oxygen will flow to the respiratory tract difficult.After use, the funnel is wiped twice with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution or 70% ethanol solution.
sequence of actions when administered to a nasal catheter.
1. Boil the catheter and lubricate it with Vaseline.
2. Introduce the catheter into the lower nasal passage and into the throat to a depth of 15 cm - the tip of the catheter insertion should be visible when viewed from the throat.
3. The outer portion of the catheter attached to the cheek, temple or forehead of the patient plaster, so it does not slip out of your nose or did not pass into the esophagus.
4. Open the valve of the dosimeter and supply oxygen at a rate of 2 to 3 m3 per minute by controlling the speed of the scale of the dosimeter.
Oxygen is also produced with the help of hyperbaric chambers - hyperbaric oxygen (oxygen injection under high pressure of 2-3 atm.).
The chamber can be local (for upper or lower limbs) and total.The solubility of the oxygen in the plasma is greatly increased, thereby increasing the supply of oxygen to tissues of an organism.
neingalyatsionnyh One of the methods of oxygen therapy - subcutaneous injection of oxygen.The therapeutic dose is 50 to 600 ml of oxygen.It is injected into the subcutaneous tissue of the thigh and perednenaruzhnoy subscapular region.