Help for constipation

August 12, 2017 17:51 | First Aid

Constipation

Constipation is a lack of stool in adults more than 48 hours in infants less than 1 time per day, while the feces becomes hard consistency and released after prolonged straining.At the core constipation promotion is a violation of stool through the intestines, caused by the weakening of peristalsis, or the presence of mechanical obstruction.Most often suffer from constipation children and the elderly.The cause of constipation can be a variety of diseases: constipation often occurs as a result of the presence of functional and organic diseases of the digestive system.These include narrowing of the lumen of the intestine caused by tumors, scars or congenital abnormality of the bowel structure (elongated colon, megacolon, Hirschsprung's disease), pancreatitis, peptic ulcer disease, goiter, and diseases of the anus (anal fissures, hemorrhoids);

• functional and organic diseases of the central nervous system;

• neurodegenerative disorders associated with inhibition of spontaneous reflex to

defecate as a result of unpleasant experiences painful acts of defecation;

• toxic etiology of constipation caused by the action of certain drugs, such as lead drugs, morphine, nicotine, nitrobenzene, anticholinergics and antispasmodics;

• pathology of the endocrine system: failure of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, ovary;

• lack of content in the diet of foods containing fiber (vegetables, fruits, cereals) is becoming quite common cause of slow peristalsis, or the development of "sluggish bowel syndrome";

• lack of exercise - physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle.

First of all, the treatment of constipation include dieting.

All food should be subjected to the park, cooking or baked in the oven.

from the diet should be avoided bread and bakery products of flour, rice, oats, semolina, pasta, bilberry, quince, chocolate, strong tea and coffee, cocoa, canned, smoked, pickled, fried, onion, garlic, alcoholicbeverages.

To use allowed the following products: gray, bran bread, crisp bread, low-fat soups, vegetable broth, soup, beetroot soup, hash, fruit soup, meat and fish low-fat varieties, cabbage and peas, crisp cereal and casseroles, ripe, sweetfruits and berries, soaked dried fruit - prunes, figs, dried apricots, dried apricots, fruit and vegetable juices, dairy drinks, fresh cottage cheese and cheese casseroles, puddings, cheesecakes, mild cheeses, weak tea and coffee, broth hips, butter and vegetable oil onportability.

is mandatory compliance with drinking mode.The amount of liquid drunk per day should be at least 1.5 liters.It should be a regular bowel movement, to which the child is recommended to be planted in the pot every day to develop the reflex to defecate.Patients with constipation need to lead an active lifestyle, engage in physical exercise, physiotherapy, physical therapy conduct, relieves intestinal spasm.

natural and inexpensive means of correcting chairs are natural fiber - bran.Milled wheat bran added to food, it is recommended before taking them pour boiling water for 30 minutes.The tool is assigned to 1 teaspoon after 7 days to 2 teaspoons, even after 7 days -.. 1-2 Art.spoon 2-3 times a day, with each meal.Bran sold in pharmacies without a prescription.

If the chair was not more than 3 days, we recommend setting an enema to clean the bowel.Currently, increasingly used not just cleansing enemas and enemas termokontrastnye conducted in the morning and in the evening cold and warm fluid.Formulation enemas produced an average of 5 to 7 days depending on the duration of time of no stool.

When poor diet, receiving the bran and setting enemas used laxatives:

• senna leaves - water infusion of leaves is prepared from 5-10 g per 100 ml of water, is assigned to 1 st.spoon 1-3 times daily or 1-2 tablets 2-3 times daily, or as an infusion for 1-3 adult art.spoon on reception, children from 2 to 4 years - 1 teaspoon, from 5 to 7 years -. 1 dessert spoon, 8 to 14 years - 1 tbsp.spoon on reception;

• regulaks - adult drug is given by 1 cube (briquette), children over 12 years - 1/2 - 1/4 cube in the evening;

• rhubarb roots - a drug administered to children up to 2 years - 0.1 g, 3 to 4 years - 0,15 g, from 5 to 6 years - 0.2 g, 7 to 9 years -0.25 g, 7 to 9 years - 0.25-0.5 g, over 10 years old and adults - 0.5-1 g per reception;

• buckthorn products - the broth is made from 1 tbsp.bark spoons, pouring cup of boiling water, which is then cooled and filtered, taking half a cup at night and in the morning;

• phenolphthalein (blizzard) - for children older than 3 years, the drug is prescribed to 0.05 g, adults - 0.1 - 0.2 g per reception 1-3 times a day;

maltsupeks (malt and barley extract) - a drug administered to children between 1 and 2 years, 1 tbsp.spoonful per day, mixed with 240 ml of water and juice.

In spastic constipation accompanied by severe pain, apply antispasmodics:

• papaverine - a drug prescribed for children older than 6 months to 2 years, 5 mg, 3-4 years - 5-10 mg, 5-6 years - 10mg, 7-9 years - 10-15 mg, 10 to 14 years - 15-20 mg 3-4 times a day.The maximum daily dose for children under one year - 10 mg, 1-2 years - 20 mg, 3-4 years - 30 mg, 5-6 years - 40 mg, 7-9 years - 60 mg, 10-14 years - 100-200 mg;

• Nospanum (Drotaverinum, spazmol) - Children up to 6 years of drug prescribed 10-20 mg, 6-12 years - 20 mg, adults - 40-80 mg 1-2 times a day.A solution for intramuscular injection of 0.1 ml is assigned to a year of life;

• Dibazolum - children under 1 year of vehicle is administered intravenously, intramuscularly and inside of 1 mg, 1-3 years - 2 mg, 4-8 years - 3 mg, 9-12 years - 4 mg, over 12 yearsand adults - 5 mg 1-2 times daily;

• mebeverin - is available in capsules of 200 mg administered orally before meals, not chewed and washed down with water by 1/2 - 1 capsule 2-4 times a day, depending on age.

If the cause of constipation is a psycho-emotional instability of the patient, prescribe sedatives and tranquilizers.These include:

• Valerian - children up to 7 years appoint 1 teaspoon, over 7 years: 1 dessert spoon, adults in 1 tbsp..spoon 2-3 times a day before meals.Tincture given in drops 3-4 times daily, as drops to receive as a child years, used in tablets 1-2 tablets 2-3 times daily;

• Motherwort tincture, take 20-50 drops 3-4 times a day before meals;

• novopassit - Apply 2.5 10 ml 2-3 times a day.

In turn, if the cause of constipation are organic colon disease (neoplasm, Hirschsprung's disease, etc.), It is often required and surgical treatment to restore intestinal permeability.