Age dietetics

Power of the child shall be carried out with all the features of its development.Therefore, it provides a wide range of food products.Excluded are just bitter and spicy seasonings.Permitted in any food cooked.There is no need to prepare a child of this age only meat dishes of minced meat.Permission is granted to use in natural stewed meat, in connection with which the menu can include dishes such as braised beef and poultry, beef stroganoff, goulash, meat jelly, stewed with potatoes or other vegetables, peasant sausage, boiled chickens.The fish can not only boiled but roast, stew from the marinade.

permitted to eat meat, fish, vegetables, fruit canned food and food concentrates.However, do not fill out the bulk of their diet.

At this age may be the next volume of dishes: soups, borscht - 200 g, stewed fruit, jelly - 150 g, a la carte fish and meat dishes - 70 g, garnish them - 80 g, salads, vegetables - 50 g rye bread -50 g, white bread - 100 g, cereals and vegetable dishes - 200 grams, tea and coffee

- 200 g of fruit - 100 g of milk - 500 grams per day.This includes, and yogurt (200 g).The total amount of food a day - 1500

amount of fluid to drink varies depending on the time of year.On hot summer days it is possible to give 200-250 g

in the diet of the fourth year of life babies are cabbage rolls, vegetable stew, fried and stuffed zucchini, stuffed peppers and tomatoes, potatoes, potato roll with eggs, burgers cabbage, carrot, beetpotato with milk or cream sauce, pies, pancakes with cottage cheese, national Belarusian dishes -draniki, potato dumplings with meat.

Although sweets do not bring much benefit to children (promote tooth decay, obesity, reduce appetite), but without them it is impossible to completely too.It is necessary to adhere to the rules: make pastries and all other kinds of sweets can and must be only at the end of a meal.Often practiced eating sweets while walking, when the baby buy the ice cream, the cake, the cake or candy is particularly harmful.

Avoid excess fat.Fatty food is digested longer, because inhibits the separation of digestive juices.Bread digested for 4 hours and bread and butter - for 5 hours.The longest to digest fat lamb and pork fat - 10-12 hours.It is impossible to include children's menu meat dishes for dinner, since they do not have time to digest before sleep onset, dramatically inhibited during which the digestion of food.To better absorbed by fatty foods, it is necessary to combine them with a sufficient amount of carbohydrate-containing foods.The same applies to proteins that are absorbed worse in the lack of carbohydrates and mineral salts, as well as at an excess content of fats in the diet.Margarine in the diet of children is permitted only in the preparation of pastry.

viscous semi-liquid porridge crumbly replaced.Afternoon menu advisable to diversify casseroles and puddings, in that before baking add beaten egg whites, giving the dish a looseness and softness

sometimes said that some of the dishes are not compatible, in particular fish, cucumbers, cabbage and grapes.In this regard, we can say that good-quality products for a healthy person harmless in any combination.Another thing is that there are a combination of more or less favorable products.For example, milk is very well combined with buckwheat, with such proteins combining these foods are digested more fully.Flour dishes useful to combine with cheese, meat, fish, milk.

children of this age is given a liquid tea, coffee is replaced by substitutes, having a taste similar to the natural ones.Tea and coffee should be "upside down", ie. E. The milk with coffee.The same applies to cocoa which can be given to healthy children 1-2 times a week.

Sahara child should receive a daily basis and 60g and sugar This includes walking on cooking, juices, compotes and sweets (honey, jam).

Fruits and berries - an essential component of the diet, and in this age.And during the cold season on the child's desk on a daily basis should be fresh or canned fruit.

In addition to those positive qualities mentioned earlier, berries and fruits are even and targeted action on the body.For example, blueberries - effective astringent for diarrhea.Cranberry and lingonberry reduce putrefaction in the gut with a high body temperature.Gooseberries contain so many water-soluble vitamins that he was fit to compete with the grapes.Malina - an ancient remedy for colds.Black currant on the right is called the queen of fruits.It is reasonable to procure it for future use in shabby form of sugar (white currants in vitamins C and E is 60 times less than in black).Scarlet Cherry is rich in hematopoietic agents.Assist hematopoiesis strawberries and strawberry.Tea with lemon, lemon juice bring particles of solar energy in the winter.Pear with her stony cells regulates digestion, cleanses the urinary tract.Apple - the most easily digestible fruit.Apple mush, like a sponge, absorbing intestinal toxins.Tannins reduce catarrhal inflammatory processes in the intestine.Apple diet - one of the best antidiarrheal agents.Grapes - the only fruit that contains glucose.The grapes are radioactive substances, but only in small quantities, which is necessary for the reproduction of the body cells.It improves the liver, kidney, muscle, and central nervous system.Plum, especially black - mild laxative means.Dried plums (prunes) has all the beneficial properties of fresh and preserved for a long time.Oranges contain almost all vitamins.Orange juice is a mild anti-inflammatory and diaphoretic.The orange peel a lot of essential oils, and should not eat them raw.Tangerines have a very soft fiber, softening the intestinal peristalsis and promotes rapid recovery of damaged areas of the mucous membrane.Peaches, apricots, dried apricots are rich in carotene, which is produced from vitamin A, improves the function of the skin and mucous membranes, and increases the body's resistance to infection.The flesh is sweet bananas, easy to digest, rich in starch and sugar.Therefore, bananas are useful to children, even from an early age, especially because of their thick skin protects the flesh from germs.It increases the body's defenses of the child, at the same time lowering the pathogenic effect of microbes, pomegranate juice.These prop- erties and blackberries.It is easy to digest and high-calorie foods rich in sugar, extractive substances, mineral salts and vitamins, is a fig.He shows impaired children.The same applies to the pineapple, comprising, in addition to sugar, a lot of salts of potassium and copper.When anemia is recommended rosehip juice, rich in organic iron compounds in combination with vegetable protein and vitamins.

Many fruits and berries have a significant effect on the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, and the process of digestion.Strengthen the separation of the digestive juices, contributing to a more complete digestion, peaches, red currants, apples, grapes, strawberries, strawberry, and particularly cranberry juice.Laxative effect, except plums have cherries, figs.Combat constipation contribute stony cells pears and ripe blackberries and gooseberries.But quince and dogwood, possessing astringent, good at children's diarrhea.Of these, as well as blueberry, prepared pudding.The diuretic effect is watermelon, melon, pear juice, broth cranberries, quince.

Of particular importance are the healing properties of fruits and berries for obese children, as their calorie content is low.

After three years, you must gradually accustom the baby to the implementation of the rules of good behavior at the table.This should be done gently, unobtrusively, without coarse shouts, but systematically and persistently.A child of this age need to develop the habit of eating only at the table.From it, you can ask to sit at the table quietly and smoothly without play cutlery and crockery, not to be missed out of a total dish favorite pieces, not to stuff his mouth full of food, do not keep it in your mouth for a long time in the cheek and chew carefully.

should instill in children respect for bread and other foods, explaining to them that all food products are the result of labor and efforts of many people.It is therefore necessary to try to teach children not to leave and not to throw half-eaten pieces.When feeding a child older than 3 years it is advisable to use a cloth napkin, tucking one of the corners of the collar of the dress or shirt.When a child learns to eat neatly, without dropping food to clothing, you can switch to using paper napkins.It is important to pay attention to children in the maintenance of order and cleanliness at the table, the unacceptability swipe the floor crumbs or bits of food dropped by.

Proper organization of child nutrition plays a significant role in the moral education of the child in the family.Always ready for the baby alone the most delicious dishes, giving him the best pieces for lunch or just leaving it the product or dish, which for all family members is not enough, parents unwittingly contribute to the education of selfishness in it, the consciousness of its exclusivity.If the child gets used to get a table the same food as everyone else.it will continue not to claim for special benefits at the expense of others.