Preparation for admission to preschool
In the second year of life most children is defined in preschool.
This event is characterized by changes in the environment and way of life of a child is a big burden for the child's body, asleads to a breakdown of the established in accordance with the life and family of a dynamic stereotype and contributes to emotional stress.All these factors cause functional abnormalities in the activity of many organs and systems of the body of the child, reduced its defenses and resistance in the period of adaptation to the new conditions of life in preschool.
adaptation (adaptation to new conditions) - a process long and complicated.At best, its duration is one and a half months.In the first days of the child in the manger is very difficult.It scares the new situation, a large number of children, unfamiliar adults, most importantly, the lack of protection as a mother.It is not surprising that the baby's crying, he wants to go home.His crying - not just a whim.This is a manifestation of mental stress caused by br
To ease during the adaptation period, it is recommended to start preparing for this important event in the lives of children in advance.kid's daily routine (feeding, sleep, wakefulness) a few months before entering into an organized team should gradually move towards that of the nurseries.The child must be weaned from such unacceptable in preschool habits like use of pacifier, bottle feeding, rocking before bedtime.At this time, it should provide an opportunity for greater dialogue with children of appropriate age and unfamiliar adults.
Not later than one month before the registration of children in pre-school institutions they need to be completed all the required immunizations by age.If this requirement is not met, the period of adaptation to the creches will coincide with the term of generation posleprivivochnogo immunity, which also goes to great effort forces the child's body.You can not define a child in pre-school soon after the disease.Let it is better to get stronger at home.Otherwise a great adaptation capacity will too much for him.
baby will be easier to get used to the demands of the organized team if he advance at home possess some cultural and hygiene skills.Children accustomed to participate in the process of dressing, undressing, washing, able to sit on the potty, use a spoon yourself, feel nurseries calmer, more confident.They do not experience such tension and fear as kids who do not know the elementary skills of self-service.By staying in preschool children quickly get used to those parents who fully encourage their independence and do not suppress the initiative.
preparing the child to enter the nursery, it is extremely important to promptly improve it.Therefore it is necessary to apply in advance and to the local pediatrician, and the doctors of narrow specialties - surgery, orthopedics), audiologist, optometrist, neurologist, to make all scheduled study them (blood tests, -mochi, feces on eggs of worms).Identified deviations in the activity of certain organs child's body must be completely cured before the child will go to an organized team.
Of great importance is the correct psychological preparation of children for the changes in their living conditions.It is necessary to consistently and persistently to convince them that the manger will be interesting, fun, no there will not offend, and, of course, you can not scare the kid this event.Before coming to the nursery children, parents need to go there, to meet with the group staff, which will be brought up a child, give details of its characteristics, habits, behavior patterns in different situations, with regard to new people, things and phenomena.It is necessary to try to make the first weeks of a baby in a preschool center coincided with the release of one of their parents.Then the child will be in the new team's first few hours, and then half a day, and only when completely get used to and master, will remain on full time.
Sometimes, in the first days of stay in the nursery children behave calmly, do not cry, do not rush home, with interest perceive the all-new, with what met.And later, when the interest subsides, they start to cry too, homesick and parents have a negative attitude to the whole way of life in an organized team.
In the period of adaptation to the Kindergarten on the central nervous system of the baby falls very heavy load.That it does not increase the home, you should try to always maintain a relaxed friendly environment, to limit new experience (not to go anywhere, not to introduce new faces, not to acquire new toys), not to punish the guilty, to protect against any negative emotions, switching attention to the familiar pleasantthings.To brighten up your stay in the new environment, you can give a child with a favorite toy in a manger.
successful development and upbringing of the child, strengthening its health can be achieved only through joint efforts of family and preschool institutions.In this regard, the contact of parents with nursery-garden staff to be very close.Before your child enters into an organized team of tips and advice on hygienic education of the child's parents received from the district pediatrician and a nurse.Now their role has passed to teachers and medical personnel of preschool institutions.They know all about the health and development of the child.After nursery gardens are not only educational institutions, which is carried out and medical supervision of children, their rehabilitation.Data on the dynamics of physical and neuro-psychological development of babies given medical examinations, teacher observations communicated to parents regularly scheduled parent meetings, in individual conversations with educators and medical personnel posted at the booths for parents.
It is very important to daily routine, diet of the child, visiting a children's organized team, weekends and holidays as well as during the holidays parents did not dramatically different from those in preschool.Deviations from this requirement can lead to unpleasant complications.
all educational and medical advice and guidance to the staff are preschool parents on parenting and child rehabilitation in the home should be treated carefully and perform well.Leads the child in the morning in a group and take it home in the hours necessary to set mode of operation of preschool institutions.Bringing the wrong time in the group difficult child to engage in organized collective life of children.Delays parents in the evening, when all the children have dismantled their homes, children suffer very painfully.Powered nursery child should be dressed according to the season and have a supply of clean linen change.Last should be regularly replenished with use.Street shoes should match the season and weather conditions.
Room and sports shoes for physical education classes, corresponding to the size of his feet - an essential accessory baby in a manger.We should not forget every day to give him a clean handkerchief.
child over the age of one year during periods of wakefulness is typically in motion.With each passing month, the volume of movements increases.This has a positive effect on mental development, has a tonic effect on the central nervous system.Muscular work expended during movement and reduces stress.Lack of muscle activity slows mental development.It is known, for example, that children who walk the night before, before beginning to speak.However, excessive mobility, as well as any extreme, is also undesirable.Restrain it should not flick and shift attention to the baby's something else, too entertaining, but does not require a physical activity.Day period of rest (the first and second daytime sleep) should be given constant attention.As before, the dream has an advantage in the air.In practice this is not always possible to organize.Kid does not leave in a carriage on the balcony.Firstly, it is too narrow to, secondly, waking up, it can easily get out of it.Sleep during the walk also comes less than before because the child excites too many impressions.Thus, more often it happens that the kid is walking between wakefulness and dreams day spent in bed.If the room is well ventilated before going to sleep and during sleep (under the weather) the open window or window, then sleep in such conditions is useful to the child.It should especially take care of the silence in the house while sleeping baby.It is necessary to turn off the radio equipment, try not to talk loud and noisy to do homework.Sleep usefulness when it is long, deep and calm.Surface sleep does not provide the body needs rest.During the day do not sleep normally excitable children who are most in need of rest.
Formation of sanitary culture of the child begins at an early age.Hygiene education is primarily to ensure proper hygienic care of the baby's body.
Hygiene measures are conducted during the day several times.Increased contact with the objects of the environment requires a lot of attention to clean the skin and clothing.It is necessary to teach the child to the constant washing of hands is not only the food, but also as far as their pollution.Morning water treatment (shower, pouring or rubbing) contribute to cleanse the skin, but can not replace common hygienic bath.In the second year of life, you can bathe in a day or even 2 times a week.However, the nightly bathing (and now in most families it is not difficult) will only benefit the child.In eczematous skin rashes such as frequent water treatments are not shown (may cause exacerbation).Water treatments morning and evening does not preclude pouring down, so it is not only hygienic but also tempering procedures.