Preparation for admission to preschool
In our country preschool institutions play an important role in educating not only the children of preschool, but also an early age.Currently, pre-school education in the country reached more than 60% of children aged 1 to 6 years, in some large cities, this figure reaches 80-90%.
Admission to pre-school is always accompanied by certain psychological difficulties for the child who falls from a familiar home environment to a new group of children on Wednesday.Terms kindergartens specific and often negatively affect the unprepared child.
Long rooming large number of children causes rapid fatigue of the child.It increases the possibility of cross-contamination of children, and they tend to get sick more often than at home.The preschool is inevitable some pedagogical standards in the approach to children that binds the child's personality.
New social conditions require to adapt to, adaptation.this task is quite difficult for many children.For example, a child who is in the unusual conditions may develop a
children differently tolerate these difficulties.With easy adaptation of the child observed time violation emotional state when he does not sleep, he loses appetite, reluctantly playing with children.During the first month of stay in the institution kid usually gets used to the new conditions, the behavior and the state of normal.Often this period is reduced to 15-20 days.
In adapting the average severity of the child's emotional state to normal more slowly.In the first month of stay in the manger, he may be ill with acute respiratory illness, which usually lasts 7-10 days and is completed without any complications.Getting used to a new environment can last from 20 to 40 days.This adaptation takes place for children entering preschool aged from 9 months to 1.5 years of age or older, with variations in health status, as well as the wrong educational influence of the family.
For severe adaptation characterized by the same symptoms, but they occur a long time (from 2 to 6 months) and heavier.The child usually becomes ill during the first 10 days after admission to preschool and then proceeds to repeatedly get sick in the first year of your stay in the children's group (from 4 to 12 times).Some children are hardly healthy for a long time and this is reflected in both the physical and the psychological development.This form of adaptation occurs in children up to 1.5 years, with last biological hazard plan (toxemia of pregnancy the mother, complications during delivery, neonatal diseases) and adverse health status before enrolling in preschool.
Another form of severe adaptation manifests itself in the form of long-term and persistent violations of the child's behavior.There is loss of appetite, vomiting, sometimes neurotic when feeding, sensitive shortened sleep, slowly falling asleep (for 30 to 40 minutes), accompanied, as the awakening, crying.The child, as a rule, avoid contact with children, seeks solitude or shows aggressive attitude to peers.He or crying during the whole period of stay in an institution or in a state of passivity, indifference, which can be replaced by increased irritability.The child is sharply reduced motor and verbal activity not only in the manger, but also at home.He becomes moody, it requires more attention from adults.
normalization of behavior occurs very slowly, and the improvement of unstable, can be returned whiny and passive state.The child slows psychological development, it can keep up with their peers for a few months.This form of adaptation is usually severe in children older than 1.5 years under adverse biological and social factors (burdened by pregnancy, birth trauma, violation mode, feeding, improper organization of the child waking et al.).The most severe cases are observed when a combination of several factors trouble.
facilitate the child entering the new conditions of life - the task is quite feasible for all parents.On the recommendation of a physician children's clinic is necessary to create such conditions for the child at home, that would be as close as possible to the conditions of the institution.He has to get used to sleep, eat, watch it during the hours that are accepted in the relevant age group of the children's institutions.Encourage your child to a certain temperature, the air in the room (not above 22 ° C), since otherwise it is constantly at a high temperature air at home, in the children's group will experience a state of thermal discomfort.Properly wear it without Kuta.
pay more attention to the timely formation of self-help skills.The kid should be able to at a certain age to drink from a cup with a spoon, potty, dress and undress.All this will help to eliminate stressful situations in the future.Child entering the nursery, it is necessary to teach yourself to play with toys, be less in the hands of an adult.It solves the existence of such bad habits as the need for motion sickness, non-nutritive sucking, and others. Kid preparing to enter a preschool should actively introduce and with adults and with children, educate friendly attitude towards them.
It is imperative that the kid went to preschool perfectly healthy.If he has any variations in health status (signs of rickets, anemia, symptoms of exudative diathesis, etc.), You must first carry out a complex of therapeutic measures.In the case of acute illness during the immediate preparation to enter the children's group (for 1 month), the child may be taken to not earlier than 2 weeks after recovery.
do preventive vaccination immediately before entering the pre-school is prohibited, as they can complicate the course of adaptation.They should do or month before admission to the institution, or in the child care facility after a period of adaptation, but not earlier than 1 month from the date of receipt.If you have a medical exemption from vaccination a child can be accepted into the preschool unvaccinated.
To facilitate the adaptation of the child are important first days of stay in it.To help your child get used to the team, for the first time, bring him in a manger in a full day, and for several hours, gradually increasing the time spent in the group.Create a gentle treatment and at home: more engaged with the baby, walk, play quiet games, consider
pictures before bedtime.Possible whims of the child at this time, be more forgiving.Eliminate unnecessary stimuli: as far as possible do not turn on the TV, radio, tape recorder.
process of accustoming the baby to a pediatric team usually lasts about a month, so it is the best time to be at home mother (or someone from the family to take a vacation during this period).
At home, try to compensate for possible malnutrition and lack of sleep the child in child care.
During the period of habituation of the child to the preschool institutions should not go with him on a visit to the cinema or theater, as it creates an additional burden on the nervous system of the baby.
morning, bringing the baby in a manger, notify staff group about the changes in his behavior and able to work out a joint strategy of behavior and treatment of the child.Tips educator, nurse and doctor will help normalize the condition of the child, quickly deal with all the difficulties of adaptation period.