Physical Culture

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Pedagogy Of The Baby Up To A Year

Physical education - is a body culture in the broadest sense, including many aspects.And newborn baby and chest need it as much as an adult.

In general physical training to perform the following main functions: firstly, at a different level of quality to replace those loads that people stopped getting with the development of civilization;secondly, because of the qualitative differences of physical work for the extraction of food and ensuring basic living needs, it becomes a means of comprehensive, harmonious development because of the close connection of physical and mental development.

We have already noted that in the transformation of the human ancestor of modern Homo sapiens had to engage the whole range of factors that cause a variety of adaptive voltage.Given the role of physical activity in the development of the psyche, this factor seems to have had a great importance.It is not difficult to imagine what exercise was to test young primitive man, and the load is one of the conditions of evolution


In modern life, such loads, of course, are not needed.But the law, however, remains in force: traffic continues to be the development of the condition.

If the baby breast-today still offers some exercise (though more appropriate sick and infirm old man), the newborn physical culture - the endless lying in diapers.The sad result of this - non-realization inherent nature of development opportunities - both physical and mental.

From the very first days of life the baby needed for movement exercises.And it is very important to realize the main purpose of training offered by the child - to give the opportunity to open up embedded within it the potency, give the opportunity to realize their evolutionary nature of the program.

Naturally, with the help of physical training are solved and some specific problems:.. Treatment of diseases, the correction of the musculoskeletal system, the correction of mental conditions, etc.

Below we highlight three main components of the physical culture baby:

1. Dynamicgymnastics.It is a system of dynamic exercises, easy to learn parent and child, which is the most accessible and universal form of physical exercise, giving a variety of positive effects for the body and mind.

2. Water exercise or akvatrening.The water provides a great opportunity in itself as a biologically active environment, and as a special environment for training, allowing to do with the child, including active and breathing exercises.

3. "Baby yoga."This special exercises resembling yoga asanas, performed with the child, as a rule, one or, if necessary, a few times after birth.This gym should perform an experienced specialist.

should emphasize the fact that any form of employment with a child is not only physical but also psycho-emotional interaction with them.Even if you just touch a child's hand, then it is the whole message, another bar in the emerging picture of the world.

From the very first days of life the baby has the ability to communicate with others and feels the need for this communication.In fact, our relationship with the child happens all the time, what would we do with him.Is he fed from the breast, rocking on our hands, or when we swim, do gymnastics or massage in addition to purely practical actions we do with the child a kind of dialogue through a wide variety of signals.Even when he was asleep, the dialogue does not fade completely.And by understanding it depends on how consciously from our side there is this communication.

Classes with the child in physical education - also a unique form of communication with him, and the ratio of the importance of this aspect from the aspect of physical training is about the same as in the problems of education in general, the problem of physical development.This kind of language, talking on which we from the earliest days can discuss with your baby a lot of problems, reporting information to him, it is relevant to his age and condition.

peculiarity of this language that the communication takes place by means of signals, unusual for an adult.Here, sight and hearing deliver information the child is much less than his sense of touch, the vestibular apparatus, thermoreceptors.Important role played by kinesthetic sensations, t. E. Sense of body position in space, muscle tension, and in general what can be termed as "within-feeling."By mastering certain skills, an adult can download these information channels as finely differentiated and how he succeeds in communicating with an adult partner by sight and hearing.

The reverse link, that is, the signals from the child's adult occurs in the usual manner - through the senses, and by direct sensation baby status as a result of bonding.Classes with the baby exercise directly help parents to feel his condition, promote the formation of bonding.

the language of movement can help the child at the very early age to get specific ideas about such fundamental issues as the structure of its body of knowledge about how it works, how tense, relax and rest, what are the opportunities and where their limit.Kid acquainted with such characteristics of the surrounding world, as space and time, learning what a top, bottom, change the direction of movement, rhythm and arrhythmia, speed, rotation, amplitude, position and relative positions t. D.

lot of information a child receives andabout parents - how they relate to it, how it feels, what he wants to offer as believe in him and how he can understand.

Of course, this is not a rational understanding of all these aspects of a child, but when confronted with them as to the factors he sees and captures them directly, they are organically included in the picture of the world that is formed in his mind.

versatility of this painting, the idea of ​​their own ability to contribute to the expansion of the representation of the child's normal.This increases its adaptive capacity, physical and mental endurance, enhances its acceptability range, increases interest in their own survival, to the world, it contributes to the process of self-realization, creates self-confidence.

total and comprehensive strengthening of the body, "pulls" to the development of its immune system.Children rarely get sick, confident suffer painful conditions.

methods of physical training, parents can ask a child purposefully different in nature and degree of emotional states.Such emotional load if properly administered ensures the development of a child's healthy, stable psyche.The children formed a cheerful, well-balanced character, qualities such as sociability, calmness, confidence, curiosity, kindness and openness.

Such possibilities offered by seemingly purely physical exercise - is not an exaggeration.For neonates and infants physical and mental are so closely linked that the language of touch, body language of movement is for them the most informative.We must always remember that carrying a baby or that exercise, we are working on his mind no less than on the muscles and joints.

Physical education for newborns and infants - is not some rigid program that parents need to realize maximum accuracy, and completing all of the items that they are entitled to some kind of pre-promised results.This tool, which is given into the hands of parents, doing their work with the child more effective means by which to influence the child more effectively.Physical education allows parents to achieve the goals that they define for their children, but the result is highly dependent on the reality of purpose, its compliance with the child and parent skills.So, for example, in relation to the child unresponsive when high "sports" is more important than the results of a positive attitude towards the child studies certainly can be all sorts of negative effects - stress, overwork, injury.

Application of methods of physical training for newborns and infants requires parents careful, responsible approach to employment, understanding that in spite of the efficiency and versatility of the various forms of exercise, the final result depends only on them.

Long experience confirms the effectiveness of the following methods, the reality of achieving good results in the development and rehabilitation of children.However, deep individual differences in the physical and mental state of infants, parents different opportunities, differences in the depth of contact with the child, different levels of knowledge of the child's body, in the end, the different tasks that can put parents do not allow ourselves and children are anyor sweeping generalizations on the basis of which it is possible to give objective advice on the standards, terms and duration of sessions, load mode, set the dates for achieving specific results.At the same time, the technique of employment is such that gradually mastering it, even inexperienced parents can learn to feel and understand your baby correctly set accents in the classroom, to complicate the exercise and increase the load in strict accordance with the growth of their skills and development of the child, without subjecting it to anythe slightest danger.

as dynamic exercises and water exercise are presented below in the form of certain stages.And move on to the next step only need when mastered the previous one.All new exercises and movements are preparing in advance, as it were, the "inside" of previous sessions, each new stage of "ripening" in the development.

Eventually, building on their own skills, the physical and mental state of the child, his individual characteristics, and in accordance with the objectives, using these steps as a practical working material, every parents with their baby build your own unique training system, the mostsuitable for them.