August 12, 2017 17:51 | Pedagogy Of The Baby Up To A Year

mother sitting on a chair, with a scarf tied at the head and a gauze bandage on his face.One foot on a footrest.She carried a bundle cigar-shaped, from which peeps baby face.The baby suckles, supported his mother with your fingers.

This is the image of a modern Madonna.Is that not born yet modern Raphael or Leonardo, in order to forever capture the apotheosis of our culture.

Breastfeeding now turned into a serious "science."How could it be otherwise in an age of scientific and technological progress?The development of this "science" - is not easy and requires no special advice.It is also an achievement of this century - the firm belief that the mother should be taught to breastfeed her baby.As well as giving birth.Thank God that is not forgotten how to make conception.

No wonder Einstein regarded as one of the criteria for the truth of the theory of its beauty.Look, well, not nice if: "So, from birth to 3 months of age, children are fed at 3 hours and 7 times a day (6; 9; 12; 15; 18; 21; 24 hrs.), At

the age of.. 3 to 5 months - 6 times in 3 1/2 hours (6; 9:30, 13; 16:30, 20; 23:30), and from 5 months to 1 year - 5 times a day at 4 hours (6...; 10; 14; 18;.. 22 hours) "1

These series numbers must evoke a sense of reverent homage to the workers of science, penetrating ever deeper into the mysteries of nature.

The process of feeding has become a ritual, providing a fairly complex "technique":

"Before each feeding mother should wash their hands with a brush and soap and water and thoroughly wash the breast and nipple with cotton wool soaked in boiled water and two percent solution of boric acid first few.drops of milk decanted and poured the first 4 days of the mother feeds lying, and subsequently only sitting is necessary to take a comfortable position:... to sit on a low chair or stool and a leg (or breasts, which fed) to put the stool with one hand a mother holding a baby, andanother puts his nipple and part okolososochnogo mug in his mouth; four fingers lifts the breast and the thumb holds the top to the breast did not close the nose of the child, not to interfere with breathing. "

sometimes recommended a magnificent ritual, when the mother should be "put on a special clean clothes, clean hair under a scarf. If you feel the slightest discomfort, runny nose, cough, it is necessary to protect the nose and mouth with a mask of the pressed clean gauze."

Another interesting fact is that not only the mother should be taught to breastfeed, but also the newborn child should be taught ... suck."In the first days of life the baby needs to learn to suck, to adapt to the breast. The mother is obliged to do everything to facilitate this, first of all strictly observing the feeding technique ...".

That's what nature is imperfect, we breed.

What is this phenomenon - breast-feeding?And why it generates problems of not less than pregnancy and childbirth?Why has reduced time breastfeeding due to the fact that mothers milk "disappear"?

In biology traced pattern: the higher the kind of stands on the evolutionary ladder, the longer it takes the young, to reach adult settings.Nature has not gone on ways to increase the duration of pregnancy, and underwent many processes outside the womb.The period of breast-feeding - a unique period of "wearing out" the baby, which he still can not be thought of separately from the mother.It is only relatively autonomous existence.And the very process of breastfeeding is an expression of this connection, which, however, is not confined to just "feeding" being incapable of even their own efforts to get food.In this process, together with the action of the surrounding conditions of existence is the further establishment of the future structure of the adult individual, his physiological and psychological characteristics, its relationship with the surrounding reality.

Prerequisites for breastfeeding are still in utero.The mother's body during pregnancy is prepared to produce milk.Already at 4-5 months of pregnancy from the chest can squeeze a few drops of milk colostric.The child long before the birth begins to form a powerful reflex - sucking.After birth, when inserting the breast nipple in the baby's mouth, this reflex is activated.That kid and "learned" to suck.

only barbaric custom to separate mother and child after birth can lead to the fact that the child will need to "remember" the process of breastfeeding.The reflex is weakened, and the nipple and breast - different things that require different sucking mechanisms.

it necessary to teach the mother to breastfeed?It turns out, yes, but only in the sense, to help her get rid of the "scientific" ideas about this process, nizvodyaschih it to the level of mere physiological baby saturation.In that sense, to help it to overcome our current cultural attitudes that focus on the medical approach to the child as a potential patient substantially.This training can not be reduced to the assimilation of "technology" feeding.The main thing - is turning into a full breastfeeding mother and child communication, they kind of dialogue that enriches both.Therefore the main task - is to teach the mother to create the conditions under which a child between her and having bonding relationship.Everything else happens automatically.

Breastfeeding - deeply intuitive process, the same as the carrying of the baby and its birth.Only human intelligence, who imagines himself the crown of creation, could reduce this process to the naked pseudoscientific schemes, see it as a problem worthy of their applications and giving rise to the most weight really serious problems, deprive the mother and the child of the delightful atmosphere of mutual penetration, which vypestovyvayutsya andmature true human qualities.

Animals do not have a developed intellect, but feed their babies breast so successfully, and, above all, so professional, that the human mother can only envy them.Not professors and academics, and in dogs and cats, rabbits, hamsters, horses and goats should learn the science of breastfeeding.

What gives the baby the mother's milk of purely physiologically?

Firstly, it is simply his food, that is, the required set of materials, plastic material, from which the body is built.But it is the food of that particular child.Mother and Child - a single coherent system, they "adjusted" to each other.The composition and properties of mother's milk in normal conditions "calculated" specifically for her baby.Milk donor, although it is possible and better artificial substitutes, but is intended for the other child, with other physiological characteristics.

composition of breast milk changes as the baby's growth and changing needs of his body.At the same time there is a gradual training of the digestive system of the child to a more roughage.In the first days after the birth of his digestive system is so gentle that for this period the infant food is digestible colostrum, which is only on the third or fourth day starts to give way to the milk.

Second, the child receives a variety of antibodies that protect it from the impact of infections (the so-called passive immunity) with mother's milk.This is the first time he has not developed its own antibodies.A particularly large amount of antibodies contained in colostric milk.

The act of sucking causes a variety of physiological reactions as a baby and the mother.Nature turned it into a natural sequence of events at the birth of a child - as meeting one of the most important needs and the baby as an extension of the generic process for the mother.

When suckling the child activates many brain structures, which is essential for its development.Even there is no need to explain the physiological mechanisms.You can check it out for yourself.Sit comfortably in silence.Close your eyes.Begin to make sucking movements, imagining that you suck big breasts.Do this as it makes the baby, a little folding of the language of straw and put it on the lower lip (imaginary nipple located between the tongue and the upper lip).Very soon you will feel a sense of "fullness" in the head, a rush of blood to her.There is a feeling of stimulation of the gastrointestinal tract, increased intestinal motility.Soon razolyutsya sensations throughout the body.Then, on the tongue and throughout the oral cavity begins to feel a specific taste.This is followed by a special sense of pleasure.Try.It will be for you the best illustration of this process for the baby.The only thing you need to understand - most fully this process is sucking the mother's breast.No nipple can not replace the maternal nipple.

It is important that the child was on the breast of the mother immediately after birth.All of the mechanisms activated by the act of sucking, have immediately after the birth of the optimal time for your "start".

When the child sucks the mother's breast immediately after birth, it stimulates the mother's production of the hormone oxytocin, which causes uterine contractions that promotes the separation of the placenta and afterbirth exit.In the future, these uterine contractions caused by sucking the breast, uterus quickly lead to normal.Mother faster recuperate after childbirth, if the baby suckles intensively.

With the first feeding after birth the mother's body gets "inquiry" on the production of milk.And just as important that this request was made immediately.A well-known fact that artificial procrastination first feeding leads to a reduction in breast-feeding period.

However, it all looks too easy for the modern "science" of the infancy period.Certainly many scientists have worked before coming to the following recommendation: "After the birth (. In the first 6-10 hours) the mother needs a complete rest, and she has no milk child in turn adapts to the new conditions and does not feel the feelings.hunger. Therefore, for the first time applied to the chest of healthy children in 6-12 hours. The earlier attachment is inappropriate. "

In recent years, however, the value of early initiation of breastfeeding began to be realized more and more.Modern ritual feeding of the first in the "progressive" maternity looks something like this.After cutting the umbilical cord and appropriate "treatment" mother tray tightly wrapped bundle of baby-faced sticking and pointedly pokes this bundle in the mother's breast.Then the historical record is that the baby immediately after birth was attached to his chest.

Imagine that you have come to the restaurant.You sits in a chair that is so uncomfortable that does not allow to freely move even the arms.In addition, you face shines brightly.lamp.The orchestra just rattles over you so that you can not recognize the tune.On one side of the table from your butcher cut up the carcass and on the other is based on steam pan on the stove.A waiter in a white robe and cap, with a bandage on his face, his hands in rubber gloves gives you the most exquisite dishes and specialties.Most likely you would prefer to leave.What is your opinion about the chef, have concluded that you just "do not feel hunger"?

it right to such a comparison?Is the child of such an esthete?Of course, not aesthetic.Just need the most basic human, but human conditions.Give mom naked baby, let it squeeze it to his body.Dim the lights, create silence.And ... the baby starts sucking.He "suddenly" will hunger!

And only if hunger baby sucks mother's breast?No.And being well-fed, it may so wish.It's the way that he communicates with his mother, it is a way to feel the mother's warmth and hear the beating of a mother's heart.

First feeding immediately after birth - one of the links in the chain of processes leading to the establishment of bonding.Sucking baby mother breast stimulates the pituitary gland - a gland whose activity is associated with the intuitive perception processes.Immediately after birth - is a critical time when the process of forming the bonding is most intense.

Medical science, far from such sentimental, prone to consider the mother's breast only as a farm for milk production, and the need for child- expressed in sucking reflex - just like the food.

farm Index - milk yield.This is the starting point for further "scientific" advice: "There is a strict rule:... Put the baby at each feeding only one breast and then strictly alternate, not confusing for the best functioning of the breast, ie the development of the optimum amount of milk necessary to ensure thatthat breast always completely emptied. If after feeding milk is, to him, especially in the first days and weeks of breastfeeding, it is necessary to express by hand or breast pump. "

not act similarly if the cows, when their "razdaivayut"?And is not this one of the reasons that, together with milk from cow udders flows pus?This delicate instrument such as the mother's breast, does not tolerate violence.

In the early days, when the colostrum begins to give way to the milk can be a so-called "pouring".Milk comes quickly, and the breast becomes hard.The production of milk is clearly higher than the baby's needs.Fully express milk - is to give a signal to the even more its production (and unnatural, traumatic way) that require more violence over the breast.

If after the baby has eaten, the breast remains hard, just need a little podstsedit it felt normal to soft.The same is done if the baby is sleeping and breast "suffused".In this case it is not necessary to feed at one time only one breast.In just a few days (usually 2-3 days) the production of mother's milk body comes in line with the normal "market" the law: demand determines supply.As the child grows, he sucks more, and thus gives a signal to a greater milk production.

mother - not a cash cow.And milk should not be as large as possible.It should be as long as necessary for the child.This is the optimal operation of the mammary glands.

pay special attention to the first few days of feeding colostrum.The common opinion based on a belief in the irrationality of the natural regulation of natural processes - the lack of the amount of colostrum for the baby saturation.The argument is simple: for one feeding the baby sucks only a few drops.Most do not.So, the poor child go hungry!Hence compulsory supplementary feeding in the first few days, passed in hospitals.

At least, it would be necessary to conclude that such a lack of colostrum common to all mammals.However, their young miraculously survive without feeding.

practice of breastfeeding shows that it is these few drops of a child is enough.In a sense, indeed it is true that he does not feel the first time after the birth of a special feeling of hunger, but the need for sucking chest he nevertheless great.This program is the establishment of bonding and the mother's body to request the production of milk.

The reasons that may give the impression of a lack of child nutrition in the early days, very prosaic.Firstly, it is a late start feeding (even just a few hours), the critical period expires perceived maternal organism signal on milk production, after which it comes more slowly.Second, the establishment of the very first day the hard-feeding mode.

We have already touched on the question of the mode for newborns and infants.However, a feeding mode deserves mention because it is the most obvious abuse by natural mechanisms.

"Breastfeeding should be strictly in the same clock, as this produces a conditioned reflex to time, which plays an important role in the secretion of digestive juices," - says a great science.Following extensive experience of Pavlov, it would be advisable to install a baby crib on a special call or simply start a Service to him.

mode is recommended to maintain a fairly strict."Often the question arises: whether it is necessary to wake the baby to feed Yes, if he wakes up at feeding time more than 15-20 minutes If the baby awake for 15-20 minutes ahead of schedule and began to worry, that it can start feeding?..."Although there are more "scientific" opinion "... can sometimes 20-30 minutes, and even more to deviate from the regime in one direction or another, however, need to spend the next feeding on the regime.".Of course not.