" I have the phone rang ... " game with your child
After 3 years, when the child is already able to freely enough communicate with their peers, it is necessary to ensure that it is a means to build a joint role-play with them.It is very important for the child to establish a joint game with a friend or girlfriend, who came to visit him, with the other children in the kindergarten.
child already understands that it acts in the game as someone - my mother, doctor, etc. But one thing - to realize, to be able to answer the question of the adult:.. "? Who were you", and another thing - to name, to designateword itself in the course of the game or at the beginning of it.
successful course of cooperative play with peers requires that the child can designate his playing role, know what role took a partner, to be able during the game refer to him as the bearer of the role, deploy role-playing a dialogue with a partner, ie. E. To communicate on the role of.
Playing, the child can only designate their role ( "Come on - I was a teacher") may denote both roles at
Well even if the game starts with role-based treatment ( "Nanny, it's time to feed the children"), rather than a neutral cues, above.In this case, the partner can understand its role and the role of the initiator.
But often, if a second role is not defined or is not labeled either, joint game children can turn into a sheer misunderstanding: there are conflicts, quarrels, tears ( "You are not to do everything!") Due to the fact that the partners actions do not matcheach other in meaning.
not always have close adult who tactfully find out early in the game - who is who.
How to put the children to have to designate, call their playing the role?
can, of course, explain to your child that you need to agree on who someone is before the game.But the rule is immediately forgotten, to the same child is and can itself does not know who he is - his role is to decide immediately, but after he tries different gaming activities pomanipuliruet toys.Reminding about this in the course of the game - so to break its immediacy.In addition, in the game, children often move from one role to another, not immediately realizing it.
Another thing, if it were possible to make the designation, naming the role of an important and necessary for the child's own sense of the game.
In addition, to extend the range of role behavior and enrich the content of the game it is important to show your child that the role always includes not only the specific substantive actions (the doctor listens to the patient phonendoscope, injections and so on. P.), But also communicate with other characters (roles).In other words, it is necessary to highlight the role of the child's speech.
In addressing both of these problems have the invaluable help of game situations, distracting the child from the subject of gaming action and switching it on for the role of the steps with the use of only one speech (games, where the child is forced to only conduct dialogue with the partner role).
One of those situations in which we will focus in detail, can be created by using a very simple toy, which is almost every child - an ordinary toy phone.
enough to recall the famous poem K. Chukovsky "Phone" to imagine what could be this game:
My phone rang.
- Who says?
- What do you want?
And then called the crocodile.
and tearfully asked ...
And then called Bear ...
To begin play this poem (which is often the children know by heart) on roles with your child:
- Let's play phone.I'll Chukosha, and you call me!
Offer your child a toy phone and yourself instead of a second phone, take a substituent (suitable any item that can replace the handset - the bar of the building set, a size, etc...), Designating it for the baby:
- This is my phone.
not necessarily stick to the exact sequence of the text and observe the appearance of the characters.What is important is the meaning of a call - after a telephone conversation should introduce the characters to each other (in the game it looks like a symbol role), and the spectrum of their activities are limited solely to speech.
You can then turn the "phone calls" in a completely independent game with a child.For it is possible to use stories, role-based connections, already available in the game repertoire child (daughter, mother, doctor-patient, etc...):
- Come again play into the phone, only in a different way.Here's your phone, and it's mine.Here's my hospital, I called sick girl:
- Hello!This doctor is calling!
- And come on - you say, "Hello, doctor!" (Role dialog adult can punctuate these remarks suggests.)
If a child is difficult to answer, tell me:
- Who's on the phone?
- This is a sick girl?How do you feel?
can modify various subjects:
- Hello!This is Dr. Aibolit!Who am I talking to?
- Come on - you were sick Hippo (monkey Barmaley, etc...).
Thus it is possible to deploy a conversation pokupatelya- Seller, fireman and cats, whose house caught fire, and so on. N., Highlighting the need to refer to the child role ( "Who is this?", "Who am I talking to?") Askingexamples of this notation ( "It's the doctor calls"), and the actual content of the conversation on the current system for the child's experiences, impressions (taxi for the trip, talk with the seller in the store looking for a gift for a birthday, and so on. n.).It is understood that the specific role in this game can be very diverse, t. E. The very form of "telephone conversation" does not limit the subject of the game.The child can then offer himself a game, taking on unexpected for adult roles.Here it is an adult must show resourcefulness and to find a suitable role, so that you can build quite a meaningful conversation.
You can use the method of "telephone conversation" for the game, which then enters the exchange unfolded object-action game.In this case, at the moment, "a call" and selects the distribution of roles between the participants, plans to further plot developments.
We are starting to play with the 4-year-old Musya.I take the phone.
- Tink!- I say.
Musya takes an imaginary tube:
- Who is that?
- This is Dr. Aibolit - says I. 'I am looking for my nurse.It is the nurse?
- No, - answers Moussya - I'm a frog.
- Oh, it's a frog, which is ill - decide I. What hurts you?
- No, - answers Musya.- It is not I got sick, and a sparrow wing broke.Come to the "ambulance."
Then we "treat sparrow", and then the other toy animals.A Musya yet decided to become a nurse (although in its submission until the doctor and nurses function is not very different).
can include a "phone call" and in the course of any game.This is especially helpful for children with low verbal activity that is completely absorbed in substantive manipulations in the game and forget about the partners.
to stimulate speech activity of the child is also useful to use the game with a wrist dolls Bi-Ba-Bo.These toys make a child to escape from the substantive action and move the center of the game in the role of dialogue plane.You can pick up several thematic sets of bi-ba-bo-known for playing the child fairy tales, stories.To transfer the child to a more challenging game better use of puppets, whose appearance does not assume a specific role-load.This allows you to expand the subject of games, dolls attributing any desired roles, different every time.For example, a pair of dolls representing the girl and the old man can be attributed to a variety of roles:.. Doctor - patient, Santa Moroz- Maiden, the seller - the buyer, Snow White - gnomes, etc. In one of the dolls acting adult, for another - a child.The particular role can be offered to the child and the adult will pick up its corresponding complementary role.It is possible that the child immediately and offer you some kind of role, ie. E. Will mark a couple of roles at once, and it's very good.
In such games with an adult child learns to highlight the role to establish its compliance with a partner, expands the range of role behavior by role-speech (role of dialogue).The independent individual play with dolls, his speech becomes active (substantive action will be accompanied by a dialogue with the doll), but in the game with a peer, he will successfully interact with it as the designation of roles and role-playing it makes it more understandable conditional substantive actions that carry childrenduring the game.