Breast and bottle feeding
essential needs of the child in the liquid meets the mother's milk, excess fluid puts a strain on the kidneys of functionally immature child, so it is recommended not to give the baby extra water.Analogously to administration of glucose increases the load on the kidneys, increasing the risk of allergies.The best food that can provide a child in the first months of life, normal development, - breast milk.Therefore, before the medical staff in children's clinics and prenatal poses particular challenges - the promotion of breastfeeding and appropriate training to women breastfeeding.
In 1989, WHO and UNICEF have adopted a Declaration in which, in particular, said: "Breastfeeding is a unique process of providing ideal food for young children and their normal growth and development;reduces the incidence and severity of infectious diseases, thereby lowering infant morbidity and mortality. "
When breastfeeding a baby is formed by passive immunity because the mother delivers the baby with antibodies (immunoglo
Artificial mixture of chemical composition as close as possible to human milk, but can not completely replace human milk, especially when feeding young infants.
Among the most common reasons for the transfer of children on artificial feeding - hypogalactia.
Hypogalactia - lower secretory capacity of the mammary glands.A special role in the prevention plays hypogalactia health nurses.When visiting the patronage it has to figure out the level of maternal lactation in the case hypogalactia should organize control feeding her baby in the clinic or at home.
hypogalactia If you need to determine the cause of its origin, that can often be associated with adverse psychological atmosphere, with psychogenic effects or maternal diseases.The health nurse should be possible to calm the woman and convince her of the possibility of recovering sufficient lactation, as well as within its competence to try to eliminate the cause of hypogalactia.Breast milk is produced in almost all women.Lack of breast milk is extremely rare and may be associated only with severe maternal illness.
important to encourage breast-feeding at its request, not on schedule.The duration of applying the child to the mother's breast - not more than 20 minutes.In breast-fed infants is not recommended use of sedatives, imitating the mother's breast (the nipple, pacifiers, etc..).
diet regulation, the regime of the day helps to restore the level of lactation.With this special drinks, lactation enhancers are used to stimulate milk production.
When feeding your baby breast milk and apply the mixture, then one speaks of mixed feeding.When mixed type of feeding amount of supplementary feeding ranges from 1/5 to 4/5 of the daily amount of food.If breast milk is completely absent or is less than 1/5 of the daily volume of food, then talk about the type of artificial feeding.
great importance for normal lactation is an organization of rational nutrition of women during pregnancy.Usually in the first half of pregnancy nutrition woman has no special differences, but not necessarily sufficient to ensure the body with vitamins and minerals.The best source of these substances are fruits and vegetables.In the second half of pregnancy, fetal weight begins to increase rapidly.Therefore, a woman's body is experiencing an increased need for essential nutrients: protein - mainly plastic material in the minerals to build the skeleton of the fetus in vitamins for the active flow of metabolic processes.In this regard, women in the 2nd half of pregnancy should be advised to increase the intake of protein and other foods rich in calcium salts (milk, cheese).It is desirable that the daily ration of women at this time consisted of about 500-600 ml of milk or dairy products, cheese 100-150 g 150-200 g of meat or fish, vegetables 500-600 g 200-300 g of fruit or berries.If you want to increase the protein component of the diet is important to recommend a special powdered milk for pregnant women - "Femilak-1", "Enfamil-mama", which are enriched with vitamins and minerals.
By the end of pregnancy, to prevent excessive weight gain, a woman needs to explain the importance of limiting the dietary carbohydrates by reducing consumption of bread, pastry and sugar.Women during pregnancy should be recommended intake of vitamin preparations, especially B vitamins and ascorbic acid, to sufficiently ensure the body with vitamins.
After discharge from the hospital is recommended to feed the baby at his request, up to 10-12 times a day, a night without interruption.The optimum number of feedings during the first month - at the request of the child 8 times per day.