Rhinitis in Children

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Child Health

Rinse nose

Because small children are usually not able to clean up your own nose for them to do so should you.Proceed as described in the box on the next page.

Teach your child to blow his nose

Most children under three years old have great difficulty with blowing your nose, but it is worth trying a two-year child.Teach him to blow out the candle, and then show him how to do it the nose and say, "This is how people vysmarkivayutsya".Then blow your nose for yourself and give your child at the same time to hold the handkerchief in front of your nose.Now he's doing the same thing, and you vysmarkivaetes together."Blow, not snort!" - Is the slogan of the club noses clean, but you need to blow gently.

If you breathe too quickly, it can drive the allocation of the nasal sinuses and tighten the disease.Some experts even believe that it is better if the child pulls slowly release back into the throat, and then pushes them cough than blows and pushes mucus into the sinuses.But small children rarely ex

pectorate mucus.Instead, they swallow it, and stomach rises.Vomiting after coughing - a frequent phenomenon in children.

How to release more liquid

Dry air and narrow airways do not get along in the same room.Airway dotted with tiny fibers, so-called cilia, which bear the mucus layer.This safety system acts like a miniature drive belt by removing the air inhaled dust and other particles.Dry air, especially when central heating, acts like a sponge, pulling moisture from all parts of the body - skin, hair, and especially of the respiratory tract.As a result, the dry air stops the belts.Mucus accumulates clots and serves as a breeding ground for bacteria;as a result we have a swollen, laid down the airways, and we find it hard to breathe.

If you give your child during the day as much liquid as possible and include a vaporizer (evaporator) when he is asleep, it helps to make the allocation of more liquid and facilitates the excretion of them out when you sneeze or cough.Or take the child into the bathroom, close the door, turn on the hot shower together and take a steam bath.Steam uncorks airway secretions and helps to drain.

How to uncork a stuffy nose child

Very young children are rarely able vysmarkivat his nose.Clean the nasal passages they laid you should.Here's how to wash the nose.

Instill in your child's nose drops

Buy a saline nasal spray (special composition of salt water dispensing in pharmacies without a prescription).Keep your baby upright.Splash one jet in each nostril.Then for one minute put the baby so that the head was lower than the body.This allows salt water to dissolve the thick discharge and stimulates the child sneeze, thereby expelling them to the front of the nose, where you already waiting for them, armed with a good old aspirator.Be prepared for the fact that the child does not like such an intrusion into his nose;but small nozzles need to be cleaned so that they can breathe, especially during feeding.

Or you can cook your own saline drops.Put a pinch of salt (less than a quarter teaspoon) in a glass of warm tap water (240 ml capacity).Plastic pipette several drip drops in each nostril and then proceed as described above.

Never release the rubber tip of the pipette or spray while they are still in the nose of the child.Otherwise nasal dropper or fall into the vial, and the contents will be infected.Rinse the portion of the pipette and the atomizer, which is in contact with the nose.Because they have a special composition, drops that are sold in pharmacies, have a milder effect on the mucous membrane of the nasal passages than drops homemade nose.

Application nasal aspirator

To use the aspirator, squeeze the rubber bulb, then enter plastic or rubber tip into the child's nose, deep enough that there are no gaps, and slowly unclenched his fingers, so that together with the air blower sucked and mucoustraffic jams.Do this two or three times with each nostril or as long as necessary, and how much a child will tolerate.After each use, dial into the aspirator soapy water and then rinse thoroughly with clean water.At the pharmacy you can buy aspirators different shapes.

Maintenance in the room where the child sleeps, the necessary humidity will airway moisture they need.Allergists warn that the relative humidity is more than 60 percent can promote proliferation of dust mites and mold, thereby causing the allergy, while the professionals involved in respiratory diseases, brought to the attention that the humidity is less than 25 percent can lead to blockage of the airways.Thus, the relative humidity of 30-50 percent is ideal for a child's room.Measure the humidity in the bedroom, using a hydrometer, which is sold in hardware stores.

Although humidification we prefer vaporizers, other devices, humidifiers, if properly use them and keep clean, can also do the job well.Here's some advice on using vaporizers (evaporator) and humidifiers:

• Because vaporizers produce hot steam, they threaten burns.Put a vaporizer in place inaccessible to a child.

• Rinse vaporizers and humidifiers according to the manufacturer at least once a week ;, preferably more often.A good solution for washing is obtained from a half cup of bleach to 4 liters of water (preferably

use the solution that is recommended by the manufacturer).After washing, thoroughly rinse the device.

• Change the water every day and dry the vaporizer when not in use.

• Use the water (distilled or tap), which is recommended by the manufacturer.

• Put a vaporizer at a distance of about 60 cm away from the child and direct the steam jet toward the nose of the child for more concentrated moisture.

• The use of drugs: to buy products containing eucalyptus oil, and add them to the vaporizer (not a humidifier) ​​to open the airways.If they are not recommended by your doctor, children are not required.

• In an extreme case, you can build your own vaporizer, closing the bathroom door, and include a hot shower.