AIDS in children
Compared to many other infectious diseases of AIDS is found in infants are rare.But a leading position in the list of parental concerns.AIDS stands for "acquired immunodeficiency syndrome" and is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV.This virus disarms the immune system, making the body vulnerable to a myriad of infections such as pneumonia and septicemia.Infants AIDS also causes abnormalities of brain development, growth retardation, tumors and some time fatal ends.Here are the major issues arising from their parents about AIDS.
As the baby can be infected with AIDS?
AIDS can only be transmitted by such means:
• through sexual intercourse;
• blood transfusion;
• through infected needle with subcutaneous injections;
• from infected mother to child during pregnancy or possibly through breast milk;
AIDS can not be transmitted through:
• household items;
• seat in the toilet;
• gnats and mosquitoe
• in the pool;
• through clothes.
Can my child get AIDS, playing with AIDS infected child?
No.The AIDS virus does not spread through the air.That's a testament to how hard one child to transfer to another AIDS: studies have shown that children living with siblings infected with AIDS are not infected with AIDS, even though they share toys, toothbrushes, glasses and so on.
Can my child get AIDS in kindergarten?
Children infected in kindergarten whatever other infection but not AIDS.AIDS is not transmitted through the arms and kisses, and specialists dealing with AIDS, are convinced that the transmission of the virus through the bite of another child is extremely unlikely.Even if an infected child get hurt, to infected blood infections need to get into the blood of another child, for example through an open wound.Although theoretically possible, it is very unlikely coincidence.
Can a child get AIDS through pets or via toys?
No.The AIDS virus can survive only in the human body.Even toys that may be contaminated with infected
blood can be disinfected simple household bleach.
Can a pregnant woman infected with AIDS transmit the disease to her unborn child?
Yes, studies have shown that the probability of such transfer is 30-50 percent.
Can a child get AIDS through blood transfusions?
Today, the risk is practically reduced to zero.In modern blood testing technology Red Cross believes that the risk is about one to forty thousand or one in a million.Since even a negligible risk will disturb you if your child need a blood transfusion, you can become a donor, or a family member or friend with a compatible blood type.
Can AIDS be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby through breast milk?
specialists in the field of AIDS research still can not give a definitive answer on this issue.Several cases indicate that women infected with the AIDS virus immediately after birth when blood transfusion transmitted the virus to their infants through the milk.There were also cases where the mother's infected with AIDS during pregnancy and feed
their babies for about seven months, not passing the virus to them.All experts agree that the risk of AIDS transmission through breast milk is definitely lower than the risk of transmitting it through the blood during pregnancy.At the moment, the possibility of transmission through breast milk is not completely understood, and each pair of mother-child should be considered individually in order to make a decision, it is permissible for them to breastfeed or not.This fear certainly should not turn away from the breastfeeding mother who does not know whether she has the virus.
Is it safe for me, if I adopted the HIV-infected child?
Yes, it is safe.As at school or kindergarten, the likelihood that an infected child will pass the virus to your family, friends or adoptive parents is, according to the statement of the Special Commission on AIDS in Children American Academy of Pediatrics, almost equal to zero.
Researchers are working hard to find a safe and effective agent for the treatment of AIDS and a vaccine to prevent it.At the moment, the only way AIDS prevention have children - it is prevention in adults.