The markings on the skin of a newborn and skin irritation
Spend skin hand of her child.This soft, such a smooth, but not perfect.You feel dry patches, scaly spots, rough and shriveled spots, and in some areas like the skin does not fit, for example, it is not in contact with around the chin, the neck, wrists and heels.But do not worry, your baby will grow up to it.Let's go through his hands and eyes from head to toe, for all varieties of skin changes, observed in most newborns.
Normal marks on the skin of a newborn
When you look at your child's skin, it also does not seem ideal.She points and specks, rashes and bruises, stripes and spots - many shades of coat worn by your newborn.But skin newborn has a unique feature - the ability to change - sometimes right before your eyes.
Vascular nevus ( "stork bites").
Most newborns are areas where many blood vessels and accumulate beam shines through the thin skin.These smooth to the touch of reddish-pink labels are most visible on the eyelids, and at the back in the middle of the forehead.These spots are not sp
Strawberry nevus (n-cavernous mangioma, cavernoma).In while vascular nevus appears at birth and fades with time, other birthmarks appear one or two weeks later, and eventually grow.The majority appears as raised red circle on the skin level and gradually increases to
size of strawberries during the first year.Somewhere between a year and three they begin to shrink.You determine that the spot has reached its maximum size and will not grow larger when you see that klubnichiny center became gray.
name "Strawberry" nevus was because these birthmarks resemble strawberries, they are formed by blood vessels that departed from its normal position, and continued to grow.Most children have at least one such nevi.And, as on a branch strawberry bush, they come in different shapes and sizes, from the size of freckles to such a large size, like a golf ball.
Despite cosmetic unattractive in most cases made of strawberry nevus best left alone and wait until they samounichtozhatsya.Sometimes they cause great inconvenience to its unfortunate location.For example, such an outgrowth of the eyelid may prevent the rise of a century and hinder the child's developing vision.Others are located on the hands and feet, where they bleed, if a child is hurt.Only in rare cases, they remain permanently and become a cosmetic defect.In these cases, an ugly or cause a lot of inconvenience nevus can be removed with the use of injections and laser therapy.
Moles.Called pigmented nevi, these brownish-black skin elevations range from freckle-sized to large, hairy spots.Moles usually remain the same size, therefore, seem to be comparatively small, when the child grows up.It is benign, and does not cost a worry, not to treat them.In very rare cases, large pigmented hairy nevus subject to surgical removal of the threat of malignant transformation.
Mongolian spots (blue nevus, nevus of Jadassohn-Hush). Not a year, so I do not molested by a call from someone accusing parent to child abuse, as allegedly evidenced by the blue-black marks on the child's buttocks.These resemble bruising spots, common in children of blacks, Asians and Indians (natives of the existing once the Mongol Empire, hence the name), are clearly distinguished in the lower back and buttocks, and sometimes on the shoulders and legs.These "bruising" fade over time, but in most cases, will never completely disappear.
flat birthmarks color of coffee with milk. This light brown spots on a par with the skin, similar to a small puddle of spilled coffee with cream.Most of the remains of the same size, becoming relatively less as the child grows.
whitehead (whiteheads). In the first weeks of life, you can see and feel for the tiny whiteheads, scattered on the child's face, especially on the nose.Caused by a blockage has secrets, these eels are normal and disappear after a few weeks without any treatment.
Toxic erythema. Do not be afraid of such a disturbing name.There are points in the form of a yellowish-white pimples surrounded by a circle of reddened skin.Looks like bites.These terms appear perfectly normal in the first week, mostly on the tummy of the child, and go away without treatment in two weeks.
Miliaria. represent reddish papular (in the form of pimples) rash, heat rash appears on excessively moist areas of the skin, for example, between the cervical folds, behind the ears, in the groin or in areas where clothing fits tightly.Gently slide your finger on the rash and you will understand why the British call this a rash barbed.To the touch it rough, like sandpaper.It seems to me that the prickly heat can cause a child anxiety.To get rid of it, wear your baby in lightweight loose-fitting clothing made of cotton and gently wash the skin with cool water or a simple baking soda solution (one teaspoon per cup of water).Remember to promaknut, wash and dry;Do not scrape or rub the sensitive skin of the newborn.
Acne newborn. about the third or fourth week, be prepared for the fact that on a perfectly photogenic little face your baby will seem first skin defects.Like teenage acne, a rash of red, oily acne covers a large part of the baby's face, and the first soft, smooth cheeks become rough, like sandpaper.Set aside time on the camera;this first short transition period (all who have experienced this phenomenon, are planning the first pictures of the baby and christening before or after the period of acne).Newborn Acne usually reaches its peak around the third week and held-to-month or six-week age.
In a situation similar to the hormonal changes of puberty, hormone levels increase during childbirth can cause excessive production of waxy oily substance sebum, called sebum, especially on the face and head.Blockage of skin glands leads to inflammation and the formation of acne.In medicine it is called seborrheic dermatitis.
Acne newborn worries parents more than children.Baby hair cut short nails, that it is not scratched his face.Gentle washing with mild soap and water will remove the unnecessary and sometimes irritating fat.If papules (pimples) become inflamed (about them appear red or portions of them ooze me-dopodobnye allocation), your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic ointment.Most neonatal acne disappears completely without any kind was a special skin care.
If this phenomenon occurs very early (that is, in the second week) and / or condition is deteriorating rapidly: the irritation spreads from the face to the hair and down the neck, and even shoulders - you might see one of the first signs of allergy to somesubstance in a mixture, which feed their children, or in your breast milk.That was the case with our seventh child, Stephen, and the rash disappeared instantly when out of Martha's diet were completely excluded products from cow's milk.
crusts on the head. In another form of seborrheic dermatitis, you will notice and felt the baby's head on the skin rash resembling a brown oily patches, especially on the fontanel.In mild cases, flaky dry scalp like dandruff.Seldom require any treatment other than careful washing and increasing humidity.Wash your scalp with a mild shampoo no more than once a week.Too energetic and too frequent shampooing only dry up your skin and will only worsen the condition.
Here's how to be at the more severe seborrheic dermatitis:
• Rub in the areas covered crusts oil cold-pressed, to soften them.Allow the oil to about fifteen minutes trying to soak.
• fine-tooth comb gently comb out the crust.
• Wash off excess oil mild baby shampoo.
If dermatitis persists, complicated and causes itching, see your doctor, who may prescribe a special ointment and gentle shampoo with tar.
You may also notice oily brown behind the ears of their child and in skin folds around the neck.This seborrheic dermatitis usually resolves with gentle washing with warm water, but sometimes it takes an ointment manufactures prescription.Skin moisture is useful.That's why most skin rash intensified during the winter months when central heating dry out
air.Evaporator, or humidifier, delivered to the room where your baby sleeps, moisturize dry skin.