Resuscitation and first aid in case of accidents children
Susan, turned gray early polutoragodovalogo mother of the child, to which all the time that something happens once asked: "Where can I find a doctor with a permanent residence?Having lived there I to the time when the child grows up a bit? "When there is an accident, but it can happen even in the safe house, and the most clever child, you, mom and dad, a child of the first rescue service.This is a course to save the child's life.
If you prepare your house, your skills and your psyche in the event of an emergency - and it is likely to occur, - if you find yourself saving a child one step ahead.
Prevent.Make your home safe as possible, following the recommendations as
make the home less traumatic for the child, Article 25.
Prepare.Go course cardiopulmonary resuscitation for infants and first aid course in case of accidents, and every two years going through the course again.They are organized by your local Red Cross office or hospital.If no such courses, gather a group of parents and hire a certifi
or when viewing the tape, and practice.Demand that the nurse, who is sitting with your child, underwent a course of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and if your child goes to kindergarten, check that tutors have passed this course.
practice. from time to time, scroll in the mind, what would you do if ... real or practice.Repeat what you have shown at the courses.Practice on dolls or pillows, not the children.Develop an action plan and keep this strategy in its memory as a training card, which instantly pops up, both in reflex, in situations where we must act quickly.
In this article, we will describe the techniques that you need to know in order to efficiently and quickly to save lives in many critical situations.
Special Note: The following instructions do not replace a course in first aid or cardiopulmonary resuscitation course.
If a child is choking, it means that he is trying to eliminate from the partial overlap of airway foreign body;if he is suffocating, it means that he is desperately trying to draw air because the airways are blocked.This is one of the most frequent causes of infant death.
What you can not do
If the child can cough, cry or speak clearly and breathing airways are not blocked.To produce a sound, an air movement.Usually the vomiting and the cough reflex of the child is enough to bring out the foreign body.In this case, your intervention is unnecessary and potentially dangerous.Instead, just be there to provide emotional support to the child, and quietly saying: "All right," the child is not panicking.Remember, you are the child a mirror that shows when to panic. If you panic, panic and child. If you can not clearly see a foreign object, do not meddle with your finger blindly groping to find him: thus you can to push the object further into the throat.
When to intervene
If your child has these symptoms, his airways are blocked:
• child enough air mouth or turning blue;
• loses consciousness (and you suspect that he choked);
• expression on his face clearly indicates that he choked: wide eyes, open mouth, drools, frightened expression;
• child is older, it indicates that he choked, a universal sign: grabs his throat.
If your child is choking: two techniques
If your child has any of these signs, there are two approaches to which you can resort: reception Heymliha (also known as aftershocks in the stomach), and blows to the back combinedwith shocks in the chest. Reception Heymliha is not recommended for children under one year, because it can potentially cause damage to the vital organs of the abdominal cavity.Were heated debates on what is best for children from one year to two, shock method on the back and pushes on the chest or receiving Heymliha, but the general consensus is that for older children and adults receiving Heymliha (shocks to the stomach) is superior to the secondtechnique.Parents usually feel
more confident, and therefore allow fewer errors, a shot in the back;but in 1988 the safety of the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that the Commission welcome Heymliha infant version for children from one year.It may be necessary to use as a blow to the back combined with shocks in the chest, and jerks in the stomach.
NB: Whichever method you choose, act as energetically as possible.Do not give up.Foreign body can dissolve or become smaller or can relax the airways, and foreign objects come easier.If your child has started to choke in a public place, a loud call for help, especially if you are not familiar with heart massage and artificial respiration.Next may be a guardian angel in the face of the output of fire or paramedic (or someone else who knows how to do heart massage and artificial ventilation of the lungs), which will help you as long as health care professionals on the go.Act quickly, but all your actions must be deliberate.
blow on the back IN CONJUNCTION with the push in the chest
Point one: four strokes back. Place your baby with legs wide apart on his hand (forearm), so that the head was just below the torso.Keep the baby's chin palm of the hand on which it lies.Apply four quick, strong
blow between the shoulders of the child base of the palm.At the same time call for help: "My baby choked on - call emergency services," If you are alone, follow steps one through four, and only then run with the child to the phone (see paragraph five.).
second point: tremors in the chest. If a foreign object is not departed from the respiratory tract of the child (to withdraw his evidence cough, or cry, or you can see how the child's mouth dropped something) and he still does not breathe, turn it over and put it on his knee.Make four quick strong push in the chest, pressing on the child's sternum.To find the exact location where you want to push, mentally draw a line between the nipples.The correct place for you is the width of one finger below the point at which this line crosses the sternum.Quickly press down on the sternum, two or three fingers, dropping it to a depth of 1.5-2.5 cm and allowing the sternum to return to its normal position between pushes, without taking their fingers.
third point: the language and the lowering of the lower jaw. If the child is still not breathing, look for any obvious obstructions in the airway.Lower child thumb tongue and holding tongue and lower jaw clamped between the thumb and fingers of one hand, lift
upper jaw, thus opening wide the baby's mouth to check the back of the throat.So you take out of the way language and a foreign object can be opened.If you see a foreign object, remove it, wrapped around your finger, but in no case do not poke at random, because it can drive the subject more deeply.
Paragraph Four: mouth-to-mouth. If the child is still not breathing, give two expiratory mouth to mouth or mouth-to-mouth and nose.If each of your child blowing chest rises, you can be sure that a purely airway.Keep an artificial lung ventilation
until the baby starts to breathe on their own.
Paragraph Five: again from the beginning.
Repeat steps one through four until the call "ambulance" or wait for specially trained rescue workers.With practice, the whole sequence of these actions can be performed in less than a minute.Practice on the doll, and you will notice how cleverly you alternate blows on the back with shocks in the chest, holding the child sandwiched between her two hands and throwing it from one position to another.
tremors in the stomach (reception Heymliha)
Reception Heymliha is not recommended for children under one year.
If the child is unconscious. Place your baby on his back on a hard surface (on the floor or on a table).Kneel beside the child, or stand next to him on the side or in the legs.(Getting up is not recommended between the child's legs at helping very young children, as in this case, by pressing exerted too much power.) Put the base of one hand on the median line between the navel and rib cage (being very careful not to touch the end of the sternum,
tremors in the stomach, if a child is unconscious.
that can pierce the underlying organs), and the other hand on top of the first.Quickly push the stomach six to ten times in a direction inwards and upwards.The smaller the child, the need to be softer shocks.If, after the shocks in the stomach child is not cleared his throat foreign body airway open, drooping tongue and lower jaw (head thrown back), and if you can see a foreign object, remove it with your finger (again, do not look for it blindly).If your actions are not successful, and the child is still not breathing, give artificial respiration mouth to mouth and repeat shocks in the stomach.
If the child is conscious.Stand behind the choking child and hug his arms around his waist.Squeeze in a fist one brush and attach the thumb fist to the stomach of the child in the middle, just above the navel, but at a safe distance