How to prevent accidents and fears
Year - dangerous age. Parents can not prevent all accidents.If they are too worried to take care of the child and for him, it will grow timid and dependent.
On the other hand, the majority of serious accidents are easily preventable if you know the most common dangers and avoid them wisely.Here is a small list.
combination of low armchairs with table safer high armchair. If you are using a high arm-chair, he must have a wide base so that it can not tip over, leash, to keep trying to get the baby, the latch, not giving the lift tray. Buggy should have straps, if the child has reached the age when he can get out of it.At the top and sometimes the bottom of the stairs , including porch, should be equipped with barriers;they can be removed when the child learns to safely ascend and descend.Windows upper floors should have a lattice or open only at the top.
unreasonable to allow a young child to crawl or walk through the kitchen, where they prepare.There is a danger that a child falls upon hot fat
child who still puts things in his mouth, it is impossible to give small items, such as buttons, beans, peas or beads, nuts or popcorn, because the child can inhale and choke on them.Take pencils and other sharp objects , if the kid pops them into his mouth when playing or running.
Make it a rule to always check the water temperature in the bath , before you put the baby, then if you remember that already did it.Sometimes taps with hot water causing burns.Do not touch electrical equipment yourself and do not let the child touch, while you are in the bath or hold on to the faucet.Do not leave on the floor pan and a bucket with hot water.
Wiring must be in excellent condition.Encourage your child not to pull the wires and not chew them.Cover outlet, that do not use, adhesive tape, or close their heavy furniture that they could not stick a pin.Replace all empty cartridges lamp, if before they can reach.
Keep matches in a closed box somewhere high that he could not reach even the resolutely tuned three or four children.
wells, pools, cisterns should be well covered or fenced.
Throw broken glass, open tins in closed tanks inaccessible.For razor blades, use a can with a slit at the top.
Do not allow your child to approach unfamiliar dogs until he is at an age when they can scare him or hurt.
time to hide all poisonous. fifth of all poisonings accounted for the second year of life.Children in this age when everything is studied and tries to taste, eat anything, whatever it was to the taste.Especially they like sweet pills, cigarettes and matches.You will be surprised by reading the list of substances that are more likely to lead to the poisoning of children:
1) of aspirin and other medications;
2) venom from insects and rats;
3) kerosene, gasoline, polishes and cleaning fluids;
4) of lead in the paint, if the child was chewing something painted (paint, which is used for coloring objects in the house, does not contain lead. Danger threatens from objects outside the home, from the painted porch, doors, windows, furniture in the housewhich is painted with fixing).;
5) lacquer furniture and a liquid for cleaning machines;
6) liquor and other alkali compounds used for disinfection;
7) pesticides for plants;
8) cleaner cookstoves.
Now is the time to see the house eagle - or rather, the children's eyes.Take all medications away to them until it was impossible to reach.Find a safe place for household chemicals, liquids and powders, polish and shoe polish, ink, cigarette, tobacco, spray liquids plant. Keep hazardous substances in separate boxes or on shelves, away from the relatively harmless drugs and spices, which are using in the kitchen, so you can not in a hurry to grab the wrong thing.Never let your child play with the bottles or packets of drugs and other dangerous substances, as though they were tightly closed.Glue on all medications clear labels so that you not taken advantage of the fact.Stop using rat poison and ointments and powders from insects.Get rid of them.Be careful with empty bottles and cans, which contain toxic substances.
Protect the child from frightening sounds and sights. year-old child may be interested in some specific subject for a few weeks, for example, telephone, or airplanes overhead, or light bulbs.Let touching items that are not dangerous, and get acquainted with them.Sometimes, however, the child something slightly frightening.In this case you should not draw attention to this subject.It is better to distract the child with something than to strengthen his fright.
At this age, the child may be afraid of strangers suddenly appearing objects or loud noises, such as folding pictures that suddenly pop up from a book drop-down umbrella, vacuum cleaner, sirens, barking dogs, trains, even a vase with rustling leaves.
Keep year-old child to such subjects as long as it does not get used to them.If it scares the vacuum cleaner, do not use it for a few months, when the child is in the house.Then try to turn when it at some distance.
bathing fear. between year two and the baby may be afraid of the bath because it slides on the bottom, or because the soap gets in your eyes, or even because it scares the sound of water flowing from a faucet or arising out of the bath.To the soap did not fall into the eyes, do not lather very wet washcloth, and when wash off the soap, do it a few times and also not very wet washcloth.There are special shampoos for children who do not cause eye irritation.If a child is afraid to sit in the bath, do not force it.You can try a bowl, but if he is afraid of him, for a few months, wipe the baby with a damp sponge until it osmeleet.Then start with a few centimeters of water and remove the child before releasing the water from the bath.
If the child by the end of the first year of resisting when he wash food from the face and hands after eating, put in front of it on a tray with a pot of water, let splashing his hands in water, and you, meanwhile, your hands are wet, wipe his face.