Bleeding in children
Be prepared for your child's first blood.Although usually only minor scratches, of which flows a few drops of blood, and it is necessary only to regret the child and stick it on duty adhesive tape, if you learn to recognize and stop serious bleeding, it can save your child's life.
Push.Gauze or a clean handkerchief, click on the place where the blood flows, for two minutes.Then, if possible, hold the wound under running cold tap water and assess the severity of the cut.Penetrated blood vessels areas such as the scalp, losing a lot of blood even when a tiny wound
by injection (which heals quickly, if we apply the pressing, grease ointment with antibiotics and treat time).Number of lost blood depends on the type of the damaged blood vessel.If damaged Little Vienna, it may leak quite a bit of blood and bleeding will stop after two or three minutes, if you click on the injured site and / or to hold the wound under running cold water.If there was to injure the artery, the blood will bub
tourniquet.If bleeding is more than arising from a vein
thin trickle, press down for at least ten minutes.Rather than remove the blood-soaked gauze (you can damage the blood clot (thrombus), resulting in bleeding open again, put on top of the first new piece of gauze. Do not weakening pressing on the wound, wrap gauze tape to ensure a constant pressure.
Calm. child Worried child even faster pumps blood through the vessels, and from the wound out more blood Stay calm;. you have to take the situation and herself
gives the body of the child the correct position place the baby horizontally and lift place a cut above..the level of the heart -. such as raising his hand
Seek help Call your doctor to get further advice, or call "ambulance", especially if you can not stop the bleeding
Although the child does not have..such thing as a trifling hemorrhage, most kids just happen a little bleeding, which can be easy to handle at home.
Biennial children fall into the horror at the sight of blood, and at the very thought of the damage to his body.If they see your face on the panic around will be even more blood.
Wash the wound. Hold the injured site (eg, arm) under cold running tap water for three or four minutes, saying calmly: "All will good" (rather than "All good"). (Note: fresh blood more easily washed away from the skin and hair with cold water than hot.) And do not forget about the band-aid.Even if the bleeding has stopped, a temporary patch that will convince the child that it repaired the damage.
Daily care.If the first time every day to wash the injured site was under water, the water will wash away the remnants of dried blood, bacteria and dead tissue, which increases the risk of inflammation.Dry with a clean bandage soak through.Depending on the location and type of injury, your doctor may advise you to carefully scrape the crust formed hydrogen peroxide applied twice daily with a cotton swab.Lubricate with antibiotic ointment and cover the wound in accordance with the instructions of your doctor.
Facts about suturing
Does suture the wound?
Stitches accelerate healing and minimize the risk of inflammation and scarring.If races wound edges How to use plaster «Steri-strips»
you require strip «Steri-strips» 6 mm wide, with a cotton applicator tip (cotton swab), benzoin and scissors.
1. Wash and dry the wound, as described above.
2. Cut strips of a length of approximately 12-25 mm.
3. applicator generously apply adhesive
(benzoin) on the edge of the wound, but do not touch the wound itself, otherwise it will be pinching.
4. Connect the edge of the wound.If you need three strips, first glue down the middle, so she kept the wound edges together and then glue another one on each side.If the cut is small, only two strips.
hodyatsya or you can look under the skin flap suture is required.
As mentioned above, the damage to the skin of the head accompanied by profuse bleeding, but after the blood stops, you will be surprised at the tiny size of the wound.The same blood vessels, which are available here in abundance, and caused panic, quickly heal the wound, and the wound on his head rarely inflamed.These considerations and the lack of concern cosmetic cancel the need for suturing a small wound on his head.
Another place, generously letting out blood, but quickly heal on their own, is rich in blood vessels riddled bridge, connecting the upper lip to the gum, known as the frenulum.It is, as a rule, be sure to be damaged and is bleeding after falling on his face.Bridle rarely need to sew, and she heals quickly, we need only to press it for a while soaked in cold water bandage or give the child suck on frozen candy.
In some cases, small wounds less than 1.5 cm in length, if their edges are not separate, you can close the new plaster «Steri-strips» (an improved version of the patch. See box below.) If you can not decide whether you want yourchild suture, let the wound examine your doctor or physician in the emergency room.
Parent as a surgeon's assistant.
If your child needs suture, sure to stand next to child support until the doctor gets the job done.Tell your child honestly what to expect.Do not say it does not hurt if you really going to hurt.Such false assurances credible loss.
How to deal with scarring.In
most cases, the scars remain because, as the wound cared, not because, as the seam was imposed.Try these ways to prevent the occurrence of cosmetic defects:
• Follow all the advice of doctors to care for the wound, and the above recommendations on keeping the wound clean.Wound infection is a major cause of scarring.
• Give the child to remove the seam in the appointed day.If the seam is left on too long, it increases the risk of inflammation.
• Massage the damaged area.Take a moisturizing lotion with aloe or vitamin E oil and rub it into the skin.These healing touch increases the flow of blood to the wound.
• Keep the wound away from the sun, especially on the face.In the first six months of healing the wound, do not expose to direct sunlight.The scar may become darker in color than the surrounding skin, making would be more noticeable.Use sunscreen with an SPF (sun protection factor) of 15 or higher, or wear a hat with a wide brim to cover the wound, or keep it in the shade.